File photo of PM Narendra Modi | Praveen Jain | ThePrint
File photo of PM Narendra Modi | Praveen Jain | ThePrint
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From chaiwala to chowkidar to Mr Closure, who can sew up all the open wounds of independent India – PM Narendra Modi has morphed into a new avatar in 2019. From Kashmir to Ayodhya, Modi is projecting himself as Problem Solver No 1— a leader who corrects historical wrongs, resolves the problems left by the previous Congress governments and even Jawaharlal Nehru.

In 2014, Narendra Modi was the new ray of hope, the chaiwala (tea seller) who made it big. In 2019, he was the great ‘protector’, the chowkidar. By 2024, Modi will be ‘Mr Closure’ – the man who has ‘managed to close’ some of the many painfully tangled issues of modern history. If previous BJP governments were known for the history-rewriting Hindutva project, Modi’s government goes one step further. He also ‘rights’ history’s wrongs.

From diluting Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir, to updating the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam, opening up the Kartarpur corridor and of course, ensuring an end to the Ayodhya title dispute – Modi wants to prove that he has brought an end to long-due demands in less than six months of coming back to power. Incidentally (or not), all the issues being completely in sync with the Bharatiya Janata Party’s worldview.

Never mind that the closing of some of these issues may not have much to do with the Prime Minister’s efforts at all, but the BJP hit a jackpot with the timings.


Also read: Modi govt begins consultations to form Ram Temple Trust, politicians to be kept out of it


Re-inventing his image

Modi has constantly believed in refurbishing his image, adding a dash of newness to appeal to the voters and finding a new election peg.

So, ahead of the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, Modi stood for hope, aspirations and progress for all with his ‘Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas‘ promise. He was, after all, a chaiwala once.

In the 2019 elections, Narendra Modi became the ‘chowkidar‘ – the watchman who can protect India and take care of its citizens.

In politics, every strategy – as clever as it might be – runs its course, and Modi is way too crafty to not realise that. He now knows he needs to prove he can ‘solve’ knotty issues no one else has been able to.

The recent assembly elections in Maharashtra and Haryana have shown the BJP’s limitations. Modi knows he cannot allow his wave to crash, and the only way to do that is by acquiring a fresh tag.


Also read: Why and how ideology is central to winning elections in India


Master of closures

Consider this pattern. On 5 August, just a little over two months after coming to power, the Narendra Modi government caught the country unawares with its decision to scrap the special status of Jammu and Kashmir through Article 370. In one stroke, Modi appeared to end a decades-long dispute and fulfill his party’s promise of ‘Akhand Bharat‘. Of course, who cares that his government’s handling of the issue has been beyond disastrous, keeping the entire state under an unprecedented lockdown.

The end of August saw the final list of Assam’s updated NRC being published – leaving out 19 lakh people. Two things make this interesting. One, the implementation of the NRC has little to do with the BJP – it has been an entirely Supreme Court-monitored exercise, which actually began in 2015 when the Congress was in power in the state. Two, the final outcome was far from what the BJP wanted, with lakhs of Hindus being left out.
And yet, nothing stops Modi from claiming credit for wrapping up this exercise and identifying ‘infiltrators’. It is he who is the messiah of Assam. Of course, for any ‘flaws’ in the final list, only former NRC coordinator Prateek Hajela and his team are to blame.

A bit like the NRC, the opening up of the Kartarpur corridor – which allows Indian pilgrims to visit Kartarpur Sahib gurdwara in Pakistan – is not entirely to this government’s credit. The issue was also taken up by former Prime Ministers Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Manmohan Singh. Although the work was completed under the Modi government and with impressive speed. With the grand opening ceremony last Saturday, Modi in a grand saffron turban achieved the optics he needed.

And of course, the Ayodhya verdict brings in the latest, and the most crucial, of Modi’s ‘closures’. Not only will his term as PM oversee the construction of the Ram Mandir at the disputed site – a deeply polarised issue on which the BJP built its electoral politics – but it will also be an exercise directly under him given that the Centre has to appoint a trust for the construction.


Also read: For Modi and BJP, remaking Indian society is more important than remaking the economy


More ‘closures’ to be ticked off

More issues remain on Modi’s to-do list – the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill and the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) being the most notable.

In terms of delivery on other fronts, this government has had a dismal first few months. The economy is in shambles. What really shone in Narendra Modi’s first term – welfare and rural outreach – seem far less prominent now and, in fact, seem to have got lost in the loud Hindu nationalistic cry of this government. But how does it matter when you can show the masses a grand Ram Mandir? 

Queen Marie Antoinette of France, upon learning that her subjects had no bread to eat, is believed to have famously said: Let them eat cake. For Modi, his subjects may not have jobs or the prosperity he promised, but well, they can be happy with their ‘closures’ instead.

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44 Comments Share Your Views

44 COMMENTS

  1. Superb article!! Keep them coming. Definitely ensures BJP regimes for decades to come.

    Your and Coupta’s problem is – you can’t accept that these problems are your (yes, you are part of CONgress ecosystem) creation. Now, you can’t accept these are getting resolved.

    Your future looks terrible as your pay masters are surviving thru Chinese leftovers. You have to survive with their leftovers.

    Whatever it be, keep writing…it helps😀

  2. Ruhi – It is elementary – With Ayushman Bharat, guaranteed support to farmers and proposed Jal program etc., the outreach for the poor is complete and what remains is just better delivery, efficiency and more coverage etc. So Modi has rightly taken up long pending political issues given his majority on Lok Sabha and finished them off.- whether one likes it or not! He will now turn to economy in his next 4 years.

    The Print, NDTV and India today are actually so crassly anti Modi that they turn even fence sitters (but otherwise people with common sense) pro Modi!

  3. Ruhi, the gap between NDTV & the print is narrowing. Surely, you could do better than to join the rest of the media in simple govt- & Modi-bashing.

  4. Ms Tiwari forgot to mention , deliberately, that both AB Bajpeyi and Manmohan Singh pleaded with Pakistan to access to Kartarpur For Pilgrim s. But Pakistan refused Here, Modi created such conditions that Pakistan offered access to Kartarpur without asking for by Modi government. Not only that but completed the project fast track. It will require more writing abilities to appreciate Modi.

  5. Pathetic attempt by Tiwari to snatch the credit which is very much belong to our PM. Previous government s were not able to do even 10 percent of what Modi has achieved. It’s incredible achievement which anybody would appreciate if you don’t have jaundiced eyes.

  6. SINCE 2014 NEW STANDARDS OF ” PROBITY” HAVE BEEN ENUNCIATED WITH SARMAS, REDDYS , YEDDYS, VYAPAMS, ESCAPING THE NOOSE , WHILE THOSE IN THE OPPOSITION ARE ARRAIGNED BASED ON “TESTIMONIES” OF INCARCERATED CRIMINALS . THE NEW PROCUREMENT MANTRA IS FINALIZE THE DEALS AND AMEND PROCUREMENT PROCEDURES WITH RETROSPECTIVE EFFECT . EVERYTHING SLEAZY GETS RESPECT ONCE YOU DO IT IN THE NAME OF ” BHARAT MATA ” . JUDICIARY HAS NOT BEEN SEEN TO BE IMPARTIAL , PARTICULARLY IN HIGH PROFILE CASES,THOUGH PEOPLE MAY ADDUCE SHOALS OF INNOCUOUS JUDGMENTS.

  7. Hilariously idiotic comments by a functionally illiterate girl. I would like to ask the print when you get such samples? She courts every event and is trying to say that Modi did nothing. By that standard what did the Congress government’s and the UPA’s do other than Nehru’s education which is only positive action taken by them from Nehru up to Sonia Gandhi.

    Starting with something and allowing it to languish so as to keep the Indian population poor and backward so that the looting can go on does not mean that he gets ready for anything. The Congress government announced many programs which never even took off. Modi came galvanised those projects and completed the projects with lightning speed. But then how can functionally literate persons know that. Yes UCC is a very important social step, so is the banning of triple talq, so is reduction in black money which is a work in progress in which the demonetisation was a resounding success even according to the World Bank and the International monetary fund. Wisest and not mentioning them? Because of dyslexia Or is it attention deficiency syndrome? I do not know. Does she think that building nearly 90 million toilets is nothing? Bringing electricity to almost all villages in India is nothing? There are hundreds of such achievements. Those are the closures.

    I do understand that this girl works for a rag that was created after 2014 just like the one that was called peddling yellow journalism by the Honourable Supreme Court of India.

    I am appalled at the pea-sized brain of the people running the print and other rags created after 2014 with the sole purpose of abusing Modi, BJP, RSS and the Hindus and of this little girl who think that their lying and slanted articles will influence anybody – especially an Indian. The reason is very simple. There are controlled and guided by people who think India is the West and Indians think like westerners. They have no idea what Indian culture or ethos is. How can they have such knowledge? Because they all grew up brainwashed by the idiocies of the likes of Romila Thapar and Irfan Habib. They think Indians are inferior and that when melanin leaves the skin it goes into the brain as grey matter.

    His funeral do not know the fact that but for the fundamental findings of the Indians tens of thousands of years ago there would have been no Western industrial civilisation. Without zero where would have been the computing? Without Indian metallurgy where would have been the Damascus steel?

    These children forget that “these people were living in palaces wearing fine linen and eating fine cooked food while we were living in caves are on top of trees wearing freshly killed bear skin eating raw flesh and wondering…………………………….” – I’m not quoting the last part because it pay off in some. These are the words of Major General Smith of the British Army whose tone you can still find in the British Cemetery in Calcutta. If you research you can get the last portion as well

    • Dear SMenon, have you read Romila Thapar and Irfan Habib? On what basis do you say they think Indians are inferior? You readily believe whatever political leaders tell you without judging things yourself?
      And what about somebody like Rabindranath Tagore? If you read some of the stuff he wrote you would be shocked and call him anti-national and anti-Hindu. Do try to get hold of his Biswarjan, Gora and Ghare Baire. I think they have all been translated into English.
      Now for the achievements of the ancient Aryans. Yes some genius thought up the zero. Another genius was Aryabhatta whose contribution can be seen in brief in…Romila Thapar’s short History of India. Surely Thapar did not think him inferior when she listed his achievements? Another remarkable thinker was Chanakya, the first political scientist of the world.
      As for metallurgy, there’s the pre-Aryan example of Mohenjodaro: the exquisite Dancing Girl. And of course, the world famous Chola bronzes, especially, the Nataraja.
      But why not go back to the Rig Veda and the Hymn of Creation? To me that’s an incredible leap in philosophical thought.
      Unfortunately, SMenon, we also got the caste system which did not allow lower castes to bear arms or even conduct pujas or penance. Remember Eklavya’s story? And the Ramayan? A people who once had traders colonising south-east Asia were discouraged from crossing the waters. Othewise they would lose their caste! New thought, adventures, deviations were completely clamped down upon, particularly from the 7th century AD, when the Gupta empire broke up and the influence of Buddhism ebbed.
      In this period of exploitative feudalism, the shameful Devdasi system had also become entrenched.
      Women who enjoyed a high position were degraded to an inferior position. Just see how Sita is treated in the Ramayana. The cruel system of Sati came to be practised till Rammohun Roy got Bentinck to rule against it. And then Vidyasagar pushed for legalising widow marriage. If historians point out these evils while analysing society, does it mean they were treating Indians as inferior? Habib’s main work, by the way, calculated how very exploitative the Mughal revenue system was, leaving peasants not even with subsistence economic levels and driving them into rebellion.
      I shall leave you with one question. Just think of the great risks Columbus and Vasco da Gama took to discover a direct sea route to India. Why? For the spices and for the gold they thought this fabled land had. Why didn’t Indian traders try to reach Europe to sell this longed-for commodity. They were selling it to the Arabs who sold it to Italian merchants. You see, by then the adventurous spirit of the Indians, the thirst for new knowledge–still visible at the time of Jahangir–had vanished.

      • There are infinite examples and instances where the inferiority complex of Indian is unparalleled. Be it Quora , or general external view is that Indians need lot of external validation. This slavery did not exist before. Why did Thapar auntie sensored Maratha empire and glorifed Mughal? Even Aurangazeb was discribed as ‘religious man’ instead of Islamic fanatic. And all the scientific achievements are watered down. The offsprings of this cult in JNU, Nalsar etc are so hateful of indian identity. It is not hard to see where it is coming from. There is lot. If you try with fresh eyes, you might.

  8. MORE APT WOULD BE Mr. HEADLINE MANAGER . HOLLOW INSIDE , BUT LOOKING SOLID FROM A DISTANCE . ECONOMY, SOCIAL HARMONY, LINGUISTIC HARMONY , RELATIONS WITH NON-PAKISTANI NEIGBOURS HAVE BEEN IN UTTER SHAMBLES, BUT THE MAN STRUTS ABOUT WITH AN AIR OF SOLID ACHIEVEMENT . HE DESERVES PRAISE FOR ONLY THAT , WHILE POOR MANMOHAN SINGH MANAGED GLOBAL ECONOMIC CRISIS EXACERBATED BY HIGH CRUDE OIL, GOLD AND COMMODITY PRICES AND PUT IN A SYSTEM OF QUICKENING THE PACE OF INVESTMENT TO KEEP ECONOMY AFLOAT AND QUITE INAPPROPRIATELY COPPED UNDESERVING MUCK. DR. SINGH HAD LEFT EXPORTS AT SUCH A HIGH THAT IT IS YET TO BE EXCEEDED SINCE HE DEMITTED HIS OFFICE . DR SINGH WAS NOT ALLOWED TO IMPLEMENT GST DUE TO FILIBUSTERING BY THE BJP .THE BJP IMPLEMENTED IN A MANNER BEFITTING TYROS RATHER THAN PROFESSIONAL ADMINISTRATORS AND LEFT THE BUSINESS PARTICULARLY SMALL BUSINESS BLEEDING TO DEATH WHILE MODI MANAGED HEADLINES BY COMPARING IMPLEMENTATION OF GST TO EPOCH MAKING INDEPENDENCE EARNED BY NON-HINDUTVA PARTIES . THE BEST DESCRIPTION FOR MODI’S RULE IS ” MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING “

  9. Let Modi do whatever is he doing. It’s beyond your limit to understand as you are corrupted Media and not use to digest good things , You are good at your crafty writing to convert a good work to bad sounding script😀. Learn from him how to work diligently and honestly.

  10. Dear anonymous
    If the supreme court is playing to the tunes of the establishment, how did the Sabarimala verdict come against the interests of the majority Hindu sentiment ?
    How could Congress form government in Karnataka knocking the doors of the Supreme court late night ?
    When the judgement comes in favour of your likes, Supreme court is free and fair and slapped on the face of government
    When the judgement is not palatable for you, you claim it’s overpowered by the government
    What a hypocrisy!!!
    When you say India is a multilingual and multi-ethnic country, doesn’t that include Hindus???
    Why secularism or multi-ethnic society means Muslim favouritism alone as per your narrative ?

  11. Hilarious. I have never seen such an extra useless stuff in a single article. Did modi government hit a jackpot with the timing ? The article is self-explanatory in showing there were at least no minimum efforts to falsify the facts. And the article ended up sounding funny. Print should learn form other sourses on how to misrepresent facts. All the best . .

  12. Hilarious. I have never seen Soo junk much in a single article. Did modi government hit a jackpot with the timing ? The article is self-explanatory in showing there were at least no minimum efforts to falsify the facts. And the article ended up sounding funny. Print should learn form other sourses on how to misrepresent facts. All the best .

  13. Lol. I have never seen Soo much shit in a single article. Did modi government hit a jackpot with the timing ? The article is self-explanatory in showing there were at least no minimum efforts to falsify the facts. And the article ended up sounding funny. Print should learn form other sourses on how to misrepresent facts. All the best .

  14. Where is my comment? It was published in the morning but missing now. Is there censorship now in this country?

    The Print, for your own sake fix this.

  15. What nonsense is this? Where will all this end? You have a govt punch drunk on power bent upon undermining the tenets of democracy, taking the citizenry for a ride, and the Supreme Court appears to play along with it, both in the Ram Temple verdict and on the revocation of Article 370.

    In a multi religious, multi cultural society, justice not only needs to be done but also appear to be done. Who will protect individual rights and ensure the rule of law in this environment?

    As we are led up the garden path to the point of no return ever so subtly, it would serve us well if we reflect on how this will all end for the society at large, when the music finally stops for the political powers to be and their cheer leaders.

    • Boss every individual like you have his or her own opinion. Justice for collective wrongs cannot be done by doing individual rights.

      If one has a bigger horizon, can see bigger things.

      Moreover yourself n myself are not experts but are opinion keepers.

      So wait and watch.

  16. It is the supreme court that delivered the verdict on Ayodhya. Modi wasn’t even a party to the lawsuit. So how did Modi brought closure to the matter? So many Muslims are unhappy with the court’s verdict. So there is no closure! The closure would occur when justice is done, and everybody is happy.

    As far as dilution of article 370, the matter is still in the supreme court. What if the court declares the dilution UNCONSTITUTIONAL? How do you know the court is going to rule in Modi government’s favour? And even if the court rules in Modi government’s favour, what if the people of Kashmir don’t accept the court’s ruling, thinking that it is the second biased ruling by the court, the first being the Ayodhya ruling? Don’t people mean anything to you? Aren’t they the final arbiter in a democracy? What if the Kashmiris people tell Modi to keep his Ram temple in Ayodhya, and give them back their state, with the article 370 and their statehood fully restored, OR THERE IS NO DEAL? Why don’t you wait until the whole issue is amicably resolved with the Kashmiris, before announcing any closure? In Modi’s Gujarat people had died in 1956 demanding statehood. The closure came only when Gujarat was finally made a state in 1960. Kashmiris had their statehood which is taken away. Don’t you think they would want their state back?

  17. The print is jealous..what bloody scamgress did not do for 60 yrs..modi did it..I can understand how desperately burnol is needed to pro Congress groups like the print..Dont worry I shall also be sending you some burnol..

    • Yes, everything Modi does or doesn’t do, all they have is to criticize it. The amount of work Modi govt has done, I don’t think any other govt in similar tenure can match that. I accept Modi hasn’t lived up to the sky high expectations but he is much better than anyone else. On economy, I agree he needs to do much more and get rid of the socialist/communist shackles and allow free enterprise to flourish like the US. We can become as developed as the US in a single generation.

  18. Modi is a resolute leader. The country means everything for him. The Demonetisation and GST launch were samples of his resolve. He has rolled out slew of important steps in his first term. The people were with him when he was returned with increased mandate. Within the first six months he has exhibited his resolve to clear the mess Congress has created (NOT LEFT as surmised) since 1947. All the steps taken so far are acceptable to the citizens. Remaining steps like the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) and Population Control Bill shall have to follow. Coming to Slow down of Economy, the Modi Government is fully aware of it and will not fail the country. Modi has four more years to set things right. People are faithful to Modi and in his sincere commitment. Times ahead will prove that Modi’s New India will have jobs and the prosperity he promised. The people are happy with the ‘closures’.

  19. Have some respect for the Current Prime Minister, At least he made all the Decisions instantaneously rather than crumbling. He promised the prosperity and also delivered it . If you want proofs go and ask outside your editorial room.

  20. Closure?
    There’s one military person for every 25 Muslims in Kashmir. That’s called martial law.
    This article is so much shit. I have lost my faith in your podcast.

    • “In this he is not wrong. When it starts it will last a generation and all the ISIS prisoners in Northern Syria will wind up there.” – Mike you seem to have been reading / watching a lot of news on ISIS prisoners my friend. So much for your paranoia. Did India precipitate the war in Syria? Assuming you are Indian, would you advocate that the foreign ISIS prisoners – British, Scandinavians, Germans etc etc be deported back to their countries for rehabilitation and reform? Do you agree that British government has been wrong in taking back that ISIS bride with a small kid? Do you believe that extreme radicalisation witnessed by western journalists among pre-teens in ISIS refugee camps is a result of Kashmir issue not being resolved over many years?

      My friend, status quo cannot be maintained. Issues need to be resolved one way or another. Bangladesh became another country, and Pakistan had to let go. Valley of Kashmir may also become another country but that wouldn’t be because ONE MODI revoked Article 370. It is a dispute which nobody denies. Whether it is war or peace that will resolve it will be decided by time. If there is a risk of ISIS flooding Kashmir, all the more reason that boots are required on the ground. And stop believing that India has a saintly neighbour waiting to release white doves over the LOC. I could counter you on many more points, but don’t want to waste time on hysteria.

  21. With this article your podcast definitely hits a low. It is a parochial act of majoritarian assertion that the situation in J&K is a historical wrong. This is the RSS version of history. . There are a few other versions of history that must be considered. One is the version that all of India was populated by aboriginals (adivasis, bhils etc) till an invasion by Hindus forcibly converted the population of much of the country. This is countered by the rather ridiculous notion that the fact is pre-historic and, hence, irrelevant. This is the foundation on which the theory of Hindutva stands. It ordains that the imposition of slavery and classification of Indian society by cast is normal , that it is the perfect system, that the Mughals and the British added nothing to India and that democracy is a blight upon the country.
    The Muslims of Kashmir are its citizens as muchas the Hindus are. The issue was whether they wanted to be citizens of India or of a seperate state. Art 370 had already been diluted to the point where it was more Indian law than the rest of India. What it’s abrogation has done is merely assert the annexation of the state against the will of its Muslim population.
    So now we have a situation in Kashmir where there is one army/paramilitary person for every 25 citizens. It has righted nothing.
    The Kashmiri pandits are now confident that they will NEVER be able to return to Kashmir. It is a state under martial law and this is most likely to give birth to a terrorist army built along the lines of the LTTE.
    Modi is looking for his Hindu vs Muslim war that will last a generation.
    In this he is not wrong. When it starts it will last a generation and all the ISIS prisoners in Northern Syria will wind up there.
    It will inflict further misery upon the country and foster even greater hatred than exists in the average Sanghi heart.
    This reporter is turning your page into a rationalisation of Modi, and a sly campaign against democracy and for martial law.
    Dump her.

    • I think there’s a general rule of thumb. If Marie Antoinette is referenced = author most likely isn’t endorsing actions described in the article.

      • Dear Doctor, your point is totally valid. Unfortunately, it takes a bit of intelligence and an interest in history in order to understand the same.

    • Not sure what you wanted to convey. Hindus are aboriginals of the world. We have history running from millions of years. Rig Veda has verses where sun is not shining for 6 months, collaborating it with continental drift theory, can be safely believed we have retained links with civilization before ice age. As Rigved was composed 160million years ago near Antartic with all America-Europe-Africa- India- Australia being on peice of land. Thus we as civilization trust world is one family.

      Secondly, if ISIS comes to our door step that will be the end of Islamic terrorism in the world. Earlier our kings never pursued an enemy who shown his back or dropped his sword, so we never pursued invaders back to their land. We have evolved, no dharma for Adharmic kinds. Our forces will pursue them to the remotest corner of the world and give them a pigs death. Be assured.

      Again 2024-2029, it will be Modi. In 2033 -2038 it will be Amit Shah, 2043-2047-2051 it will be yogi, 2055-2075 , the golden period will be with Tejasvi Surya when whole world will get united under one umbrella, on the basis of humanity. World will truely be one big family!

  22. Modi is a resolute leader. The country means everything for him. The Demonetisation and GST launch were samples of his resolve. He has rolled out slew of important steps in his first term. The people were with him when he was returned with increased mandate. Within the first six months he has exhibited his resolve to clear the mess Congress has created(NOT LEFT) since 1947. All the steps taken so far are acceptable to the citizens. Remaining steps like the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) and Population Control Bill shall have to follow. Coming to Slow down of Economy, the Modi Government is fully aware of it and will not fail the country. Modi has four more years to set things right. People are faithful to Modi and in his sincere commitment. Times ahead will prove that Modi’s New India will have jobs and the prosperity he promised. The people are happy with the ‘closures’ .

  23. Some are born great. Some become great. Some have gretness thrust upon them. Guess The Print elects the third alternative for a chaiwala in whose land, the sun rises and sets by itself.

  24. For reasons that are difficult to fully comprehend, the dismal state of the economy is not converting into political / electoral snowmelt. Although there is some indication from Haryana and Maharashtra that the emotive issues are unable to offset widespread pain being experienced by all sections. Jharkhand should clarify things further. With or without an eye on the EVMs, the government needs to get the economy out of the ICU.

    • This is a worldwide problem. British economy is struggling to grow more than 0.3 percent and other European economies are also struggling to survive.

        • Yes Sherlock! It is $50000 since decades. Also when other parties were in power.
          Do you think India is independent of economic state of the world? India’s per capita income has increased over the years but also it is affected by oil price, conflicts, recessions etc across world

          Govt. needs to act on economy but reality of worldwide slowdown cant be rubbished because you find it inconvenient in your narrative.

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