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How Congress is justifying its stance against farm bills after backing reforms last year

In its 2019 election manifesto, Congress had promised repealing APMC Act, and Essential Commodities Act. Now, it is at the forefront of opposing similar reforms.

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New Delhi: The Congress party is looking to attack the Narendra Modi government’s new farm bills that seek to liberalise agricultural markets, but the party had itself promised similar reforms just a year ago.

On Thursday, soon after Parliament passed the Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, and the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, Congress leader Rahul Gandhi hit out at the government saying it is bringing in “black laws to economically exploit the peasant-agricultural labourers”.

Congress MPs also raised slogans inside the Parliament complex, calling the Bills a “death knell for the future of farming”. The party also strongly opposed The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill passed earlier this week.

These moves came despite the party’s promise to support similar reforms in its election manifesto last year, which the ruling BJP highlighted as doublespeak.

‘Age of controls’

In its 2019 Lok Sabha elections manifesto, the Congress had said, “The Essential Commodities Act, 1955 belongs to the age of controls. Congress promises to replace the Act by an enabling law that can be invoked only in the case of emergencies.”

The party had also promised to repeal the Agricultural Produce Market Committees (APMC) Act. This is precisely what the Farming Produce Trade and Commerce Bill seeks to do by allowing barrier-free, inter- and intra-state trade of primary agricultural commodities.

So far, farmers would sell their produce in APMCs across the country, which were established and regulated under the state APMC Acts.

“Congress will repeal the Agricultural Produce Market Committees Act and make trade in agricultural produce—including exports and inter-state trade — free from all restrictions,” the Congress’ manifesto had said.

Pointing this out, BJP president J.P. Nadda accused the Congress of “conveniently forgetting its own stand” over farm reforms.

Also read: Onion export ban is not the answer — it hurts farmers & India’s image as a reliable exporter

‘Our replacement would have been pro-farmer’

In response to the BJP charge, the Congress defended its position, saying it “never argued for price exploitation by private entities”, and was always in favour of cooperative federalism.

“The Congress manifesto never promoted the idea of abolition of the Minimum Support Price (MSP), unlike the present bills passed by the BJP,” Congress spokesperson Jaiveer Shergill told ThePrint.

“The Congress manifesto never contained any clause which would open a window of price exploitation by private entities.”

While Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar has assured that the MSP procurement system will continue, farmers protesting against the legislation have expressed concern that the new laws would pave the way for the dismantling of the MSP system, leaving them at the mercy of big farmers or corporates.

Shergill argued that the laws which were passed in Parliament “do not make MSP a mandatory condition”, raising these concerns. He also defended the manifesto promise of repealing the commodities law.

“The repeal of the Essential Commodities Act was promised with the assurance that another law will be brought in place, the nature and colour of which would be pro-farmer, and not lead to price inflation or unnecessary stocking of vegetables, as is a concern now,” he said.

The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act removes cereals, pulses, oilseeds, edible oils, onion and potatoes from the list of essential commodities. This means that it will deregulate the production, storage, movement and distribution of these commodities.

Shergill also accused the BJP of “bypassing all norms of cooperative federalism.”

“Agriculture falls under the jurisdiction of the state. The bulldozing of these bills through the Parliament is nothing but the death of cooperative federalism. Right now, no opportunity was given to state government across India to deliberate the law, to make it more farmer-oriented,” Shergill said.

Protests against bills

On Thursday, while burning copies of the bills in the Parliament complex in protest, Congress MPs Jasbir Singh Gill, Ravneet Singh Bittu, Gurjit Singh Aujla and Amar Singh said they will oppose the proposed legislations tooth and nail.

Even Harsimrat Kaur Badal, the only cabinet member from Shiromani Akali Dal, one of BJP’s oldest allies, resigned as the Union Food Processing Minister, slamming the reforms as “anti-farmer”.

Several farmers’ organisations, especially in Punjab and Haryana, have been carrying out demonstrations against the three laws.

Also read: What ‘breaking away’ could mean for Akalis and BJP after Harsimrat Badal’s resignation


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  1. Who is this journalist? I read through the manifesto and nowhere ai could find what has been claime by the journalist.

    Congress has proposed expansion of farmers market and support for small farmers. The manifesto certainly does not talk of abolishing MSP.

  2. Congress had said they will amend the act after creating infrastructure not simply scrap. If the bill is pro farmer why akali is not backing.

  3. Do these Congress people even understand what it is they are protesting against? The obvious answer is no. This is protest for the sake of protesting. Ridiculous = Congress.

  4. One line answer to how its justifying its opposition now – By sitting in the Opposition. Hilarious to see the Congress stand. Its been thoroughly exposed. Wonder how Maharashtra is eerily quiet about it. Mr. Pawar knows the reality of the proposed law. Maharashtra farmers have tasted the success based on the flourishing export of farm produce. The so called farmer leaders are just scared at losing relevance forever !

  5. It’s all done for attracting votes by fomenting discontent. As a result progressive moves get slowed down or never taken up. Even the basic idea of spectrum sale in 2G at low prices was progressive and would have helped telecom sector remain healthy . But BJP raised a bogey of corruption which was thrown out by the Courts , after all the damage was done. The BJP is at the receiving end now after passing a progressive legislation.

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