Kendriya Vidyalaya in Kolkata | Commons
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New Delhi: Over the past seven years, the number of children of central government employees enrolling at the Kendriya Vidyalayas (KVs), for whom the schools were primarily set up, has seen a constant decline.

According to data shared by the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), the proportion of Kendriya Vidyalaya students who are children of central government employees has dropped to 47 per cent in 2017-18 from 60 per cent in 2011-12.

The KVS is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) that manages and runs the 1,100 Kendriya Vidyalayas across the country.

Its data shows that of the 10,91,931 students across the KVs in 2011-12, 6,56,527 were children of central government employees. In 2017-18, of the 12,54,922 students across KVs, 5,92,436 belong to the category.

Infographic by Arindam Mukherjee | ThePrint
Infographic by Arindam Mukherjee | ThePrint

The data also shows that the enrolment of children from families, which are not in state or central government jobs, has seen a constant rise — from 25 per cent in 2011-12 to 36 per cent for 2017-18.

According to the KVS data, in 2011-12, 2,74,791 children were from the non-government category but this number increased by over 2 lakh students to reach 4,61,950 in 2017-18.

This despite the fact that when the KVs were set up across the country in the 1960s, their main purpose was to cater to children of central government employees who are on transferable and non-transferable jobs. The mandate was later expanded to include children of state government employees and then children from non-government families.


Also read: Larger Supreme Court bench to hear plea against Sanskrit shlokas, Hindi prayer at KVs


Why numbers are declining

Government officials familiar with the workings of the schools say that one of the reasons for the decline is that the KVs are opening up in areas where government employees don’t take their families along, such as in Jammu and Kashmir and in Naxal-affected districts.

“One of the reasons that admissions under category I, which is for central government employees’ children, is decreasing is because more and more KVs are opening up in areas where the staff don’t take their families — in remote parts of the country, in troubled areas and in Naxal areas,” said Uday Khaware, additional commissioner (academics), KVS.

“In all such places, the seats get taken up by children from either the normal category or whose parents work in the state government,” he added.

“We still give preference to children from the central government category but if they don’t apply, there is nothing that we can do. The normal category admissions are not increasing at the cost of government category,” Khaware said.

Another reason often cited by government officials is that after the Seventh Pay Commission, central government employees are now able to afford to send their children to private schools. The child study allowance per employee increased to Rs 2,250 per child a month in 2016 from Rs 1,500 per child per month.

“Most central government employees want to send their children to private schools because they can afford to do that and also because it’s a matter of prestige,” said an official who has worked with MoS HRD Upendra Kushwaha and who handles many KV admissions under MP quota.

“On the contrary, common people who cannot afford good private schools come to KVs because if given a choice between a state government school and a KV, they choose the latter.”

The Member of Parliament (MP) quota is another reason why more children from the non-government category get admission. Each MP is entitled to recommend 10 names each year for admission to KVs and, according to officials at KVS, they get almost 8,000 children a year under this quota.


Also read: Govt officials’ kids only in govt schools: Why proposed Karnataka scheme is unfeasible


Admission in KVs

There are five categories under which admission is granted for the 1,200 Kendriya Vidyalayas — children of transferable and non-transferable central government employees, including ex-servicemen; children of transferable and non-transferable employees of autonomous bodies/PSU of the central government; children of transferable and non-transferable state government employees; children of transferable and non- transferable employees of autonomous bodies/PSU of the state government and children of other category.

There is no entrance examination for the schools, which follow the CBSE syllabus, but children of government employees are given preference. Once granted admission, all students pay the same fee of Rs 1,100 a month.

The central government has been paying a lot of attention to KVs, touting them as its trademark schools for quality education. The budget for KVS has been increased by 37 per cent in the last four years — up to Rs 4,601 crore in the 2017-18 fiscal from Rs 2,827 crore in the 2013-14 financial year.

Just ahead of elections, the cabinet, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved the setting up of 50 new Kendriya Vidyalayas in the country. Of these, 29 will be set up in the civil sector and remaining under the defence sector.

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35 Comments Share Your Views

35 COMMENTS

  1. With central government employees who face transfers, it is cheaper and better to just place their kids into the best residential schools around India. It also allows them to burn some of the bribe money. And free themselves from daily chores of managing the kids and focusing on work and collecting more brbes!

  2. Of course , students admitted through RTE are the major challenge for the teachers to enable them to compete with elite class students. It would be sheerly unwise to expect the local passenger train to compete with the Bullet Train. moreover, we cater the needs of students coming from various Socio- Economic backgrounds which is a bare fact and the can’t be overlooked. We have to accept that schools are the social ventures and it is unwise to compare the hard work and dedication of KV teachers. With the given stuff the KV teachers are doing their best and their honesty ,dedication and devotion to duty is matchless and incomparable . One should not forget that the majority of govt. workforce when they return back in the evening their pocket does KHANAK- KHANAK (Jingles) with extra income where the KV teachers return by then they are completely doomed and finished.

  3. My kids study in the heart of hyderabad, which is neither remote nor maoist area. Even then the education is not upto standard. Whom should i blame, the management, teachers or myself for joining my kids in that school. Now why shouldnt i get my kids transferred to other school. Is there any mechanism for accessing the quality of teaching in kvs? If so please let me know

  4. One of the main reasons for lowering number of children of Govt employees in KVs is due to RTE provisions. As 25% seats are reserved for local population in each school at the time of new admissions, how wouldn’t the numbers drop? I have seen ample cases where children of transferrable employees are denied admission to KV due to lack of vacancies. It is really surprising why the story fails to pin-point this major reason for the actual drop in percentages. May be some more ground work could have been done by the reporter, before jumping into wrong conclusions based on cooked-up theories given by some babus.

    RTE is a very valid requirement in a country like ours. But bringing RTE to KVs actually defeate the very purpose of setting up KVs, in the first place. The main solace for a transferrable employee is the thought that the education of his/her children are taken care, if they are in KV, at a new place on a transfer. Think of a person getting transferred from Delhi to a place in Kerala or TN, where the child will be put to unbearable mental agony when he/she feels at sea in an alien language and culture. Not so, if they are in a KV, since the syllabus and culture of KVs are the same pan-India. By denying them this comfort, the Govt is doing a great injustice, not only to it’s own employees, but also to the next-gen.

    So the question boils down to this. Whose priority should be considered as first? Of a transferrable employee or a local youth, who already has the option of sending his child to another near-by Govt run school?

    Or, as another option, instead of reducing vacancies for wards of Govt employees in KVs, can’t there be system of taking children under RTE as additional numbers?

    KVS and the HRD ministry need to seriously think of re-instatement of seats lost to children of Govt employees as a result of reservation for RTE seats, if they have any sense of commitment towards the well-being of families of Govt employees.

    Hope the genuine needs of such families reach them through articles like this.

  5. I think one most important thing is missing in all comment, most of kv teacher are spend their most of time in spending lots of paperwork and conducting celebration asked by central government. In kv their is a saying- KV EK AISA ACTIVITY CENTER H JAHAA PADHAI “BHI” HOTI H. Kabhi kabhi mood kharab hota h k hm yahaa padhane aaye h..Ya faltu ki activity karaane ,, pr delhi se order h..Krna majburi h..

    Dusri dikkat RTE bhi h..Jis karan padhai me uniformity nahi aa pati..

    Soch k dekhiye , airforce ke ek top officer ka bachha aur ek sabji wale k bachha dono same class me h..Dono se ek jaise result ki ummid kaise kr sakte h..

    Tisri bat… Admission me entrance bnd kr di..Aise me rte k karan kai aise bachhe aaye jinhe nam likhna. Bhi nahi aata..Aur kvs k order k karan teacher ka sara attention unhi bachho pr chalaa jataa h..Aise me central government k bachhe ignore hone lgte h..
    Aur is karan bhi central government k bachhe gayab ho rhe h..

    Even jo h..Bhi..Wo bhi low rank wale h..Top officer k bachhe to shayad hr kv me ek 2 hi honge

  6. Kvs of South are given good education as compared to North kvs. Due to which it is hard to get admission in South for central govt employees also if their child is studying in other private school. Teachers are very careless, neither teaching nor checking notebooks of children. I know this because my children are also studying in kvs. Even repeated requests they are done by me but instead of improving they are only blaming children only. My suggestion is that instead of opening more kvs just improve the old building of kvs and teachers staff. From z class city to x class city the building of kvs are of same grade. The kvs In cities like kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai etc are located in such nice areas but just look at the buildings of kvs and the buildings / shops situated near school buildings. The difference will come to know on ground.

  7. I dont have much idea about kv but first time i saw library of kv ankleshwar is totally worst and toilets oh my god 🤦‍♂️🤦‍♂️. Infrastructure totally bullshit

  8. Prior the quality of kvs education is good I am x student of kv school ….now we alredy know that smart study is opted in pvt school.now kv aslo focusing on that method, but still mian reasons is availability of teachers . In.exam I heard from many kv students that they not yet complted their syllabus and exam time is near , so how a student can complte their study on time ….kvs should increase the quality of education by adding some new skill full syllabus.do concentrate on practicles and smart classes technique…..

  9. I am chairman of a defence sector KV. The problem faced by KVs situated under defence sector in remote and difficult areas is of non availability of quality teacher across all levels of classes. Regular teachers avoid such hard postings either by delaying or managing such postings. This leaves such schools on the mercy of contractual teachers who are a rarity. Thus as a fallout service personal tend leave back their families and wards to study in local so called public schools.
    This also renders such remote location schools under utilised or filled up with category 5 students.

  10. Central government servants kids won’t come under the non cremilayer category so chances will be less for them…to get admitted

  11. Kendriya vidyalaya are excellent in the field of education of the country,high quality of qualified teachers, very good infra structure, syllabus high quality labs, computers game facilities an d other national level actividad, no match of kvs to any other,

  12. Regular teachers of KV are not doing their work. They did their duties just to show formality.
    It’s the contractual teachers who did most of the Teaching jobs.

  13. Apart from RTE and M.P. quota, the reason for decline in quality is the mandatory requirement of Hindi in recruitment of teachers. Compulsory knowledge of Hindi to apply for a teaching post act as a deterrent for qualified teachers of South India in applying for a post in KVs.

  14. With so much funds and handsome salary of teaching and non teaching staffs after 7th CPC, quality of education at KVs should be at par with good private schools. Unfortunately it’s not so…

  15. The KV Sanghatan with Headquarters in Delhi and Regional offices are run under Commisioners and Deputy Commossioners who are either Direct recruirees or promotees.They are in general are not available to the parents of children of KV s and leave alone the other parents who are in no way related.- to KV s except while putring a petition for transfer of KV children .Any system cannot work efficiently without the participation and feedbacks of end user .Whom do the parents address the severe teaching staff crunch in sll KVs.Each year the KV s prepare a panel of teachers from private sector -after rigid conditions as without any guarantee of contract even for 12 months ..Thus finally they manage to repel the good and selected teachers away from KVs and ensuring the staff crunch to continue for that whole year.The permanant posting teachers status- no body knows. One fine example of the academic decline in KVs is the rule of Science TGT having Biology qualification – must teach Science.in class room.These teachers are failing to deliver The Physics and Chemistry curriculum to the satisfaction of children but remains posted at the school oficialky..The physics part of Science is taught by the PGT physics (already burdendened by 11 and 12 classes)Thus the KVS has ensured by itself through their rules that Children until 10 th class have no qualified Physics and chemistry teachers.TGT .This is India and crores of rupees are wasted despite the availibilty of School infra thanks to HRD ministry .It is high time the KVs are restructured fully and above stated ills rectified.Akso wherever the CG children are unavailsble the seats be filled with private sector childten.Afterall the numbers of govt staff are decreasing due to large number of vacancirs.Not to waste the infra and to provide access to the underprivileged the HRD ministry must immediately initiate steps to promote healthy access of facilities in KVsto private sector children

  16. It’s because most people think of lowering the harassment towards their child and provide spoon feeding to their child. Smartclass, A/C Rooms hell with those things!!
    Students require to study and get analytical knowledge and thinking capabilities which are enriched in KVs. First students have study on culture and respect each other gender perfectly which is properly followed in KVs.
    Indians think high fee levied school are better which is just a F*****g thought.
    For those who are KVans KV is not just a Passion it’s an affectation!!

  17. The kvs needs to upgrade their syllabus with the private schools…. The standard of the infrastructure is also very poor….. Most of the kvs have very poor infrastructure…… Old buildings…. Ofbaba azam jamana……….. And also the teaching staff…… They are least bothered about the childs future…….. English teachers simply… Old aged and keeps seating on the chair with their mobiles on…. Least bothered of what children’s doing… These are the complaints raised by my 5 th class son… New smart young teachers is a need of the hour…
    And also the RTE also reduced the standard of the KVS……. SOME May not like my comment but this is fact……. Children’s from RTE often use gallis in schools…. Unhygenic atmosphere…… Which parents of government employes don’t like…….. E. Requires major developements to maintain the standard of kv….. All parents along with teachers needs a special brief on all this…. Even Primary School children’s are better in studies than kV….. At present it’s only parents responsibility to teach there kids….

  18. I also agree with the comment of Archana Pandey mam, as my daughter is also studying in kv Patna. I am also not satisfied with my daughter performance.

  19. Government should change certain policies in KVS.
    1) No failure policy upto Class 8.
    2) Focus on Studies more, nowadays only days, weeks are celebrated in KVS. No time for Studies.
    3) Teachers are mostly busy in paper work rather than concrete work.
    4) Making Compulsory to all Government employees to put there wards in KVS.
    5) Abolishing MP/MLA/HRM quota admission. KVS are having classroom size of 40, but due to the above quota admissions, Class strength is above 55+.
    6) Government should think about developing infrastructure of KV’s.
    7) KVS many plans and policies are only on papers not implemented.
    8) KVS being an autonomous body has become experimental School for Government, any body sitting in the chair (higher authority) implements his/her ideas as his/her own project. This system should be abolished.
    9) Only particular time say a month should be set for co-curricular activities, but in KV’s through out the year activities are conducted at the cost of studies.
    10) KV quantity results may be good but quality wise it is worst.
    If the above points is seriously taken by the Ministers and higher authorities, definitely it will be India’s one of the best educational organisation.

  20. My son are reading in kv afsos Bihta. Staffs of the school are very good but management of the school is not good and it’s level is below the satisfactory. Discipline is being not maintained by students nor followed by the teacher

    Head of the office is not caring to the students carrier not thinking for best management of school. He never ever think for managing status quo. Boys are responsible for cleanliness of the area.

    Boys reading in Junior classes are facing various type of problems. Sufficient class rooms are not available no play ground no smart classes

    I think a big change is required for its development keeping in view of students carrier

  21. Most of the kv are run by contractual staff as there is acute shortage of teaching and nonteaching staff. still then ka is the best.

  22. Its not 25% RTE open seats admussion to floating population in KVs but lack of timely revival of Academic & Appointment policies,
    Variation in standardisation from KV to KV,
    Re imbursement of annual fee to Govt. employees has given rise to admission of open general category students rather than that of central govt. employees

  23. One of the main reason is that the quality of education in kvs is getting down ….specially in primary classes teachers do not pay much attention to students….Kv is best for higher education but primary education is getting worse in kvs and nowdays private school provide better facility and because of this popularity of kvs is getting down .There was a time when there was a competition for vacant seats but now anyone can get a seat easily. I hope the trend of kvs would be back again .

    • Reasons are
      1. RTE students
      2. No regular staff in most of new the schools
      3. 22 percentage reservation
      4. Mostly hindi speaking teachers are only recruited .
      5. Quality has gone down due to CCE system, non detention system
      7. false income certificate used by people for fee exemption.
      But schools are Well equipped.
      kV students can survive any where in the world .

      • Teachers qualities are very poor , especially
        non meritirious teachers, their academic backgrounds are very poor, very poor in english ,mostly of hindi background teachers ,do indulge in regional and cast based politics,to get a job is theirs end game and nothing more. That’s why central govt staffs are not interested to get theirs wards admitted in these schools and make theirs future uncertain.

  24. There is no grammer completed in kv. The syllabus is very easy.atleast no gk and no English grammer ,no hindi grammer ,no computer ,no smart classes , no more practise of maths.only at the time of exam grammer in which every topic covered with 2 examples.same given in exam.Teachers itself saying class 3 students that you r studying level of ukg class.I am very dissatisfied of kendriya vidyalaya school.Everyone give me suggestions why u study ur child in kvs.But central.govt. job is reason of admission in kvs.pls govts should follow this the teachers who are doing job in kv or state govt. Then pls they should study their children only in government.

    • It’s very easy to blame teachers and syllabus, madam. According to me one most important fact for the study level is that parents don’t take care of the study of their ward at home. And don’t mind, but I don’t think even ur Grammar is that much good as to blame others. Look at your construction of sentences and selection of words….

      • Madam don’t be angry
        The fact is there is no proper teachers and moreover no teacher willing to come to rural area teach kids
        My kid study in kv I feel so

      • Do u think your grammar is great precisely check whether u r correct in that n madam don’t blame parents every parent wants to give good quality of education to his child but school also plays a vital role. Kvs are the worst educational institutions in present scenario.

  25. Please arrange to verify the applications of wards of Central Govt. Employee /defence employee. The quotas have been so arranged and conditions so imposed for number of transfers, gets the purpose defeated.

    The central government employee or the defence personnel are aware, the education and curricular activities given by KV cannot be equated elsewhere.

    Jai Hind

  26. One more factor contributing to the increase in admissions of wards of non- government employees is the introduction of RTE and 25% admissions under this quota in class I.This has opened the floodgates to the general public who were largely warded off till the introduction of admissions under RTE a few years ago. The fees paid by students upto class VIII is just Rs.600/ per month.However, it cannot be denied that there is a palpable drop in the standards in KVs in the recent years though the statistics provided may show a different picture. This is due to short- sightedness and short term goals.

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