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HomeDefenceChinese flag in Galwan on New Year Day was outside Indian territory,...

Chinese flag in Galwan on New Year Day was outside Indian territory, new data reveals

Chinese state media had put out edited images on 1 January with the caption, ‘national flag rise over Galwan Valley on New Year Day’. This had led to a political row in India.

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New Delhi: The infamous picture of the Chinese flag being unfurled in the Galwan valley on New Year Day was from within Chinese territory and over 1.2 km from the Indian side, latest geotagging data has revealed.

The picture had caused a political furore in India last month, with Opposition leader Rahul Gandhi, among others, taking a dig at the Modi government over the pictures. The Army had responded at the time with pictures of Indian soldiers in the Galwan valley.

Now, satellite imagery expert Damien Symon, who goes by his popular Twitter handle @detresfa_, has released new pictures showing that the Chinese flag was unfurled outside the buffer zone that has been created as part of the disengagement process in the Galwan valley.

The valley first came into focus after it saw a deadly clash between troops of the Indian Army and People’s Liberation Army in July 2020.

Symon added that the Chinese flag ceremony took place at a new PLA post outside the buffer zone.

“GEOINT derived from combining ground & satellite images helps cut the clutter around claims alleging #China hoisted a flag at the #Galwan river bend, data extracted indicates the ceremony, held in January was 1.2 km from the bend at a new PLA post outside the buffer zone (sic),” he said.

Symon also released the full video of the Chinese ceremony and geotagged the positions, indicating that it was held well within Chinese territory.

As part of its propaganda, the Chinese state media had put out edited video and pictures on 1 January, with the caption, “national flag rise over Galwan Valley on the New Year Day of 2022”. It had even said that this flag was very special since it once flew over Tiananmen Square in Beijing.


The video was released after Indian and Chinese troops exchanged sweets and greetings at 10 border points along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), including in eastern Ladakh and north Sikkim on 1 January.

Also read: ‘India is witnessing trailers of future conflicts’, says Army Chief Gen Naravane

Political controversy in India

The Chinese claim had led to a political row in India, with Congress leader Rahul Gandhi and others taking potshots at the government and saying that only the Indian flag should fly in Galwan.

The Army responded to the controversy a few days later, releasing two photographs of troops holding a large tricolour in Galwan in eastern Ladakh as part of the New Year celebration. 

Sources had then told ThePrint that contrary to claims, the Chinese flag was hoisted inside Chinese territory. They had also said that the majority of the Galwan valley is under Chinese territory.

Disengagement talks

So far, India and China have held 14 rounds of Corps Commander-level talks.

Disengagement has happened at four of the five stand-off points in eastern Ladakh since May 2020 — Galwan valley, northern bank of Pangong Tso, Kailash Range and Gogra.

However, disengagement is pending in the Hot Springs area while there are legacy issues of Demchok and Depsang Plains, which also need to be tackled.

(Edited by Amit Upadhyaya)

Also read: Defence procurement gets Budget boost, Modi govt hikes capital outlay to Rs 1.52 lakh crore


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