Thursday, 29 September, 2022
HomePoliticsThe separatist and darling of Kashmir who is now Modi's 'younger brother'

The separatist and darling of Kashmir who is now Modi’s ‘younger brother’

Text Size:

Sajad Lone was once a staunch separatist opposed to Indian presence in Kashmir. He is now the BJP’s face in the Valley.

New Delhi: BJP general secretary Ram Madhav drew flak for his remarks that the National Conference (NC), the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) and the Congress had acted on instructions “from across the border” in their bid to form the government in Jammu and Kashmir.

While he withdrew his statement, following a Twitter spat with Omar Abdullah, Madhav appeared to have followed his party’s playbook in dealing with developments in the Valley that don’t toe its political line — of branding opponents as being anti-national and acting at the behest of Pakistan.

But the BJP’s staunchest ally in the militancy-hit state is a separatist-turned-politician who once positioned himself as being completely anti-India, has boycotted elections and was married in Pakistan to the daughter of the late Amanullah Khan, the founder of the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), a militant organisation based out of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK).

Much before the BJP endorsed him, Sajad Gani Lone was also the darling of the Valley — at the height of 2008 Amarnath Shrine Board land row, he supported boycott of elections. This after he had put forth and championed a controversial 2006 plan to unify Kashmir and give it a measure of autonomy.

Now, however, Lone has been eyeing the chief minister’s chair in J&K with BJP backing. His People’s Conference party, claiming the support of all BJP MLAs and 18 breakaway legislators, staked claim to form the government before the governor dissolved the state assembly on 21 November.

Also read: Governor Malik jumped the gun in dissolving J&K assembly, it’s advantage Congress-NC

From separatist to mainstream

Lone is the son of Abdul Gani Lone, the former Congress leader who turned into a frontline separatist leader. The older Lone was allegedly killed in Srinagar by ISI-backed militants on 21 May 2002.

Once a seasoned mainstream politician, who was first elected to the J&K Assembly as a Congress MLA in 1967, Abdul Gani Lone was arrested for alleged anti-India activities in 1990. He was also a founder-member of the separatist conglomerate the All Party Hurriyat Conference (APHC). He also opposed foreign militants in the valley.

After his father was gunned down, Lone remained with the Hurriyat for a while but in 2004, revived the People’s Conference party that the older Lone had launched in 1978. He also parted ways with his elder brother Bilal, who continues to be part of the Hurriyat Conference.

Soon charges that he had been co-opted by the Indian security establishment began floating around.

Hurriyat hardliner Syed Ali Shah Geelani accused Lone of fielding proxy candidates in assembly elections but he hit back, accusing Geelani and the other hardliners of being responsible for his father’s assassination. He also denied the charge that he had fielded proxy candidates.

In 2006, Lone put forward a controversial plan, titled Achievable Nationhood, to unify the divided territory of Kashmir and give it autonomy. The 268-page “vision document” attempted to achieve an economically single boundary-less Jammu and Kashmir Economic Union with India and Pakistan jointly managing defence and foreign affairs of their respective portions of Kashmir.

In 2008, at the height of the Amarnath Shrine Board land row, Lone believed that the protests were a mass uprising against Indian rule and decided to boycott the Assembly elections.

But by the 2009 general elections, he would become the first frontline separatist leader to plunge into mainstream politics. Contesting as an Independent from the Baramulla Lok Sabha constituency, he lost to National Conference’s Sharifuddin Shariq.

Lone had then claimed that he wanted to take the “freedom struggle” to the Parliament.

“He raised a lot of expectations, particularly among youth in Kashmir, before he plunged into mainstream politics,” former Reuter’s journalist and commentator Sheikh Mushtaq told ThePrint.

“During the 2008 Amarnath Land row, he had positioned himself as being completely anti-India. He was the main spokesperson for separatists. He was a darling in Kashmir.”

Mushtaq said Lone’s foray into mainstream politics is all the more significant given his background.

“He has taken a complete U-turn from his ideology. For the Muftis and Abdullahs, mainstream politics has been their domain from the word go but for Sajad, it has been a dramatic reversal of position. By doing this, he has cut himself really small,” the political commentator said.

Also read: One solution governor Satya Pal Malik failed to consider in Jammu and Kashmir

The tilt towards BJP

After the 2014 general elections, Lone had a controversial meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, where he referred to the PM as his elder brother.

“I came as a Kashmiri to meet the Prime Minister and I was pleasantly surprised with his down-to-earth personality, his vision about bringing in investments into the state,” PTI quoted him as having said then.

The purpose of the meeting soon became clear — the People’s Conference fielded candidates in the 2014 J&K Assembly elections, winning two seats, including Lone himself. He was made a minister from the BJP quota in the Mufti Mohammad Sayeed-led PDP-BJP government, a job he was given again when Mufti’s daughter Mehbooba became chief minister a few months after his death.

“When he announced his decision to contest, he said it was a change of strategy and not ideology. But such dramatic reversal of position will not be forgotten in the troubled history of Kashmir,” Mushtaq recalls.

After the BJP pulled out of the alliance with the PDP on 19 June and the state slipped into Governor’s Rule, Lone again hit headlines.

Walking hand-in-hand with the BJP, he began eyeing the chief minister’s chair under a BJP government. His significance grew further after his party contested the urban local body polls, where he was joined by former National Conference spokesperson Junaid Azim Mattu.

Mattu went on to win and was recently anointed the mayor of Srinagar.

Before the governor dissolved the assembly, Lone had been looking to form the government with BJP backing. Many believe that the BJP was attempting to wean away legislators from the other mainstream parties to form the government with Lone at the helm.

Subscribe to our channels on YouTube & Telegram

Support Our Journalism

India needs fair, non-hyphenated and questioning journalism, packed with on-ground reporting. ThePrint – with exceptional reporters, columnists and editors – is doing just that.

Sustaining this needs support from wonderful readers like you.

Whether you live in India or overseas, you can take a paid subscription by clicking here.

Support Our Journalism


  1. “…The 268-page “vision document” attempted to achieve an economically single boundary-less Jammu and Kashmir Economic Union with India and Pakistan jointly managing defence and foreign affairs of their respective portions of Kashmir.”

    Let us for a moment work on Sajjad Lone’s idea. He suggests an “economically” single J&K, comprising the two parts of Kashmir which are presently under Indian and Pakistani control. If this economic entity (EE) generates surplus revenue, then obviously it will want to keep all of it for itself. But because India and Pakistan are providing security to EE, would they get some part of this booty, and in what proportion? Similarly, if EE is instead looking for financial support from its two parents, which is likely to be more likely, then in what proportion should the two shell out? What if one of the two refuses to or is unable to honor its commitment, then what happens? Should the other parent foot the full bill, or go to war with the other parent? Wouldn’t it very soon become evident that it was futile to carve out a united EE, that India and Pakistan should have just continued to worry about its own part which it originally had to begin with?

    What’s wrong with admitting the last bit as a solution to the problem even today? That, both the countries should agree to take care of their respective part of J&K and stop worrying about the other part?

    But the very fact that Sajjad Lone has cared to draft out a 268 page document says something about the man: that he has a thinking mind, it is not always that we may be able to think meaningfully, that’s another matter; he has the courage of conviction, that he should seriously try to fructify his “vision”; the second part can also be construed as, “he is very ambitious”, all such people look “unrealistically ambitious” at times, in fact right until the time they actually succeed. (As an aside, who knows what ambitions Mr Modi is nurturing even now in his bosom, and how bizarre they are?)

    Mr Sajjad Lone also emerges as a simpleton, if he really believed that BJP will support him in his project as defined above. NOT ONE PERSON in BJP must have supported him, in fact they might have laughed at him behind his back. They just wanted to use him. Or may be Sajjad Lone wanted to use them to achieve his ambition of becoming the CM whichever way possible! Satya Pal Malik spoiled everything.

Comments are closed.

Most Popular