Monday, March 20, 2023
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Covid lockdown has ended only opposition politics in India. BJP’s shop is very much open

The war that catapulted Indira Gandhi to her peak also sowed the seeds of her decline. A quiet opposition must not let Modi skirt accountability during a pandemic

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We are told that politics in India has been suspended as we deal with the coronavirus pandemic. But it is only the politics of the opposition that has largely been suspended. The BJP, meanwhile, has been happily exploiting the opportunities provided by the pandemic into ever-larger political capital.

Two themes have dominated public debate during the past month’s lockdown. Both mirror the two main aspects of the BJP’s political strategy— the personality cult of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and the Hindu-Muslim divide.

One, the narrative of Modi as protector and father figure. Modi, in this telling, enforced the lockdown in time and saved tens of thousands of lives. The abrupt announcement of the lockdown, without any consultation with opposition parties or even state governments, was meant to confer the sole political ownership of the decision to Modi and bolster this narrative. The pageantry of thalis and diyas also helped reinforce this idea of Modi’s reach and popularity, cutting across class and regional divides.

Two, the Hindu-Muslim polarisation has been even more intensely fuelled over the last month, with the BJP portraying itself as the only party willing to stand up to the ‘perfidious’ Muslims bent on undermining national interests. The BJP cynically pounced on the Tablighi Jamaat controversy and the Palghar lynching in Maharashtra, and through their media allies, made sure these issues captured popular imagination.

With the opposition unwilling to confront the Modi government on substantive issues of livelihoods and hunger, these other issues — framed in explicitly communal terms — quickly dominated national conversation. The propaganda around the Tablighi Jamaat congregation in Delhi’s Nizamuddin Markaz has been especially successful, pulling even non-BJP voters into its net. It is unsurprising that the Tablighi Jamaat story, wrapped in language like ‘corona jihad’, has coincided (according to a CVoter poll) with a surge of popular approval of Modi’s handling of the pandemic.

Also read: Suspending MPLADS funds for coronavirus crisis is another stab at Indian democracy

A new opportunity for opposition 

The wave of public approval, however, could be short-lived. Since the government is prone to war metaphors for this crisis, it is useful to remember that the war that catapulted Indira Gandhi to the peak of her popularity also sowed the seeds of her decline. It was the economic costs of the Pakistan war that partly led to the problem of inflation and unemployment that dented her popularity a few years later.

Once some normality is restored with the lifting of the lockdown, the full force of the economic costs of these measures would become visible.

The already sputtering economic growth would further deteriorate in the coming months, as per new International Monetary Fund predictions. Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy or CMIE has estimated that unemployment has already spiked to 26 per cent, with 14 crore people losing their jobs in the first few weeks of lockdown. It is unlikely that any section of the society would remain aloof to its detrimental effects. The Modi government’s welfare response, according to prominent economists, has been woefully inadequate and excluded large sections of the urban poor. So, the crisis that has presented the BJP with opportunity to further its own politics of ‘Brand Modi’ and religious polarisation, also presents opportunities to the opposition.

Also read: Coronavirus has brought India’s almighty Centre back, and Modi’s unlikely to give up control

Suspension of politics looks good on Modi

The opposition faces a catch-22 situation. Suspension of politics at this time seems to be a safe strategy. But this safe strategy gives Modi an even longer rope to skirt accountability. Because of the apparently hegemonic force of the BJP’s narrative, any opposition to it runs the risk of being looked at as unabashed opportunism and even ‘anti-national’.

Covid-19 gives the moribund opposition a unique opportunity to resurrect itself, but it is too timid to claim it.

However, taking this risk is crucial now or opposition parties like the Congress risk further marginalisation. Urban and rural poor will be the worst hit by the economic cost of the pandemic, and represent a constituency the opposition can directly address. Unemployed or recently laid-off workers also would be eager to get their voices heard. Cynical as this may read, the crisis can bring the opposition back in business. It has a unique opportunity to underscore its importance among these voters by emerging as the voice of the poor and the marginalised.

Modi emerged unscathed from the 2016 demonetisation because the poor perceived the corrupt rich to have suffered even more than them. Now, the poor harbour no such illusions. This is a rare and unique opportunity for the opposition to rally behind the plank of class distress.

As Christophe Jaffrelot has argued, “…the impact of the lockdown may make social issues more prominent again in terms of class, at the expense of caste as well as religious identities and communal tendencies,”

Modi has gauged the increasing political costs of the lockdown and already given us a glimpse of his likely post-lockdown political template. By keeping all state chief ministers on board for a two-week extension of the lockdown, he has sought to spread the risk of the political fallout federally. His direct addresses to the nation, which appear frustrating in their lack of clarity or detail, also allow him to expertly distance himself from the messy business of actually implementing the lockdown. Thus, while state leaders are answerable for shoddy preparation, persistent hunger and continuing migrant crisis, the Prime Minister wins accolades for a swift and timely lockdown to contain the virus.

Especially when one compares the situation in India to that of more advanced countries such as the US, Italy and Spain, credit attribution becomes even more advantageous for Modi.

Also read: ‘At least Modi is feeding us’ — migrants, poor say lockdown is tough but give PM a thumbs up

Opposition can’t delay

An inert opposition cannot miraculously hope to corner the government after the crisis; it has to remain proactive through the current situation. The Congress’ recent lumbering attempts at criticism couched as ‘constructive advice’ come across as meek and innocuous suggestions, rather than potent political questioning. Others like the Samajwadi Party and the Bahujan Samaj Party have completely abandoned their turf.

There is no democracy without accountability. And when tens of millions of citizens are struggling for their basic survival, the opposition’s primary duty of demanding political accountability becomes even more urgent, not less. The opposition’s abdication of this duty is not just craven and counterproductive, it is inimical to its own political interests. It must do more, if not for the poor, then at least to secure its own political futures.

Asim Ali and Ankita Barthwal are research associates at Centre for Policy Research. Views are personal.

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  1. This author is HATEM0NGERING SCAMgress.. Every article of this author is HATEM0NGERING.. What a sad person this fella is, drowning in his own v0mit of HATEM0NGERING.. NO SCAMS so far, this fella still ungrateful.. Under SCAMgress, there was 2 SCAMS in 1 day, for 70 years

  2. Can the 1970s inflation and unemployment and that which is forthcoming be compared under rational terms?
    There is no doubt that BJP has played the political card very smartly and the opposition seems somewhat lost. But a strong collaboration in such grave times could serve wonders too.
    And about the opposition having chances in 5yrs time, as of now it seems far fetched. Silence wouldn’t fetch votes.

  3. Britain is expected to enter a recession in the first half of the year after large parts of the economy were forced to shut and workers stay at home as part of efforts to tackle the Covid-19 outbreak. GUARDIAN, LONDON

  4. Is any one from Ramji hose is from Mumbai’s Kamatipur mafia so he is ranting ther migh b threat of his family especially mafias from famous kamatipur area.

  5. This author is a confused and biased man. His sole agenda is Modi hatred. Stop reading his stupid articles.

  6. Great suggestion indeed. Let Modi fight the war and save people’s lives. This will cause damage to the economy. Opposition should do nothing till then and after the crisis exploit the situation. Don’t take any responsibility and accountability during the crisis but look for opportunities arising from it. Are people as foolish as you think they are? Who have selected you to be research scholars I wonder.

  7. “It must do more, if not for the poor, then at least to secure its own political futures.” The concluding ADVICE to opposition by the writers clearly show their leanings and credibility.

  8. When your home is at threat you don’t fight among your family members you fight with the threat. Differences are natural among humans but when the Nation is threatened, it’s just the Nation that matters and everything else looses it’s existence. When we don’t stand together for the Nation we certainly seize to be human from that very moment. I have seen many people beating around the bush about economy, survival of labourers, but none of them could give a solution or a suggestion. It would have been better If the article had some solutions. Sorry but there’s nothing I could see in the article that the country needs right now.

  9. Why can’t we come up.with solutions. Please enlighten us all with some solutions to find the survival. If we can’t stand above our differences in this war like situation then I believe we seize to be human at that very moment. It would have been much better if the article had some solution.

  10. Can the authors give some examples of “potent political questions”? This article captures the opposition dilemma perfectly. On one hand they have to contend with characters like Arnab Goswami and his like who emboldened and supported by the establishment launch brazen attacks on the opposition instead of asking any questions of the government of the day. On the other you have so called “liberal” spaces like the print who in the guise of questioning the government actually undermine the opposition. The opposition has to ask penetrating questions and also play a constructive role. How can they please everybody with such wide expectations? Meanwhile the PM only needs to make an appearance on TV every 2nd week with a “gamcha” and his job is done. No wonder the opposition space is empty. Who wants to get attacked from all sides day in and day out!

  11. This is nothing but the usual anti-Modi verbiage.The opposition does not have any constructive solutions.The Congress Party can-not even organise a country-vide relief programmes for the stranded migrants.It is only community welfare organisations and to some extent,the RSS have pitched in.Ofcourse,Kerala is an exception where the exclusive women s organisation the KUDUMBASREE has been doing commendable social service.

  12. ” rent a journalist ” thinks it’s time for politics over deaths. Typical SUPPORTERS of the MOTHER and son n daughter

  13. Oh why not? We have “defeated ” the virus right? Armchair intelligentsia has no inkling of the enormity of the situation on the ground. In fact, they are the desperate ones because how would they earn their bread if the flame of politics isn’t burning. Its not politics that the authors advocate, its a question of their daily bread. Insensitive and a crude myopic view on things to look at everything from a political lens!

  14. In paragraph 4, you refer to “the Tablighi Jamaat controversy”.
    Please remind us, are these the same model citizens who defied Govt guidelines, were spitting on doctors, sexually harassing nurses and female doctors, walking around naked and also occasionally decorating quarantine facilities by openly defecating on the floor?
    How wonderful, you make us proud.

  15. The blogger shamelessly wants Narendra Modi Government to fail anyway (not for his non performance) so that the chances of his”political bosses”could brighten up. That is the kind of rot permeating “journalists , opinion makers” and people in public life.

  16. Bunch of intellectuals who if found un-employed cannot find 9-5 jbs.There is No opposition because we do not have people who aree ithereducated or experienced,We have a Bachu in Rahul and mother Sonia isan Italian Mafia.The rest are All guard who cannot think for themselves.

  17. Modi not serious with the battle of Coronavirus, Modi with “Might is Right”policy still plying politics using Governor Interference in State Govts. and threatening for change of loyalties make risk for Parliamentary Democracy in India.

    • I think all muslim are idiots except some …..they blindly follow allah ! . They have no thinking logic .

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