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Three years’ service among new models Army is looking to use for recruitment

The three-year service model will be called 'Tour of Duty', while ‘Inverse Induction’ will involve personnel recruited by CAPFs spending seven years with the Army.

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New Delhi: The Army headquarters is considering two different models for recruitment in the future — one under which youth can voluntarily serve in the Army for a temporary period of three years, and the other where they are recruited by Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs), trained and posted in the Army for about seven years, before being transferred back.

ThePrint has learnt that the recruitment models are being considered to attract more youth to join the Army, fill up officers’ vacancies, and reduce burgeoning defence pensions, which make up nearly 30 per cent of the defence budget and ballooned after the ‘One Rank One Pension’ (OROP) scheme came into effect.

The first model, of three years’ service, is called ‘Tour of Duty’, while the other is called ‘Inverse Induction’. The latter model is based on a 2019 discussion document by the think-tank Takshashila Institution, authored by Lt Gen. Prakash Menon (retd), a former military advisor to the National Security Advisor, and Pranay Kotasthane.

Currently, the only option apart from regular permanent commission into the armed forces is the short service commission, in which officers are recruited for a period of 14 years. A large number of short service commission officers eventually opt for permanent commission, subject to eligibility.

Also read: Make short service lucrative, raise retirement age: CDS plan to reduce defence pensions

Tour of Duty

According to Army sources, the Tour of Duty will be “three years’ short service”, whose pilot project will be for both officers and jawans, and for a limited number of vacancies.

The idea is expected to be tested on around 100 officers and 1,000 jawans in the first go, sources said. They will be trained for the first year of the three-year period.

If approved by the government, the Navy and the Air Force could also be asked to implement it.

A senior Army officer told ThePrint that the idea is to employ youth and let them experience military life for three years.

“This will attract youth to join the armed forces, because it will not only give them a good experience of serving for a limited duration, but also a good remuneration, and they will be relieved with a lump-sum amount, aside from other perks and benefits which come with the service,” the officer said.

Past experiences from the 1999 Kargil conflict as well as the defence forces of other countries, such as Israel, show that three years is an adequate period, the officer said.

“In the Kargil conflict, officers and jawans with less than three years of service had shown an exemplary performance,” the officer said.

It can be a “lucrative” option because apart from gaining military experience for a limited period, personnel will be free to pursue another career after three years.

“Even major corporates would welcome young, military-trained professionals instead of college freshers, and these professionals would have an edge over others while getting into another career, or even in institutions offering a MBA degree because of the work experience they will gain,” the officer added.

Sources said while opting for this model will be voluntary, the government could add additional perks for those who opt for it, such as being given preference in post-graduate courses or employment in security or administrative jobs in the government sector.

In case of a battle casualty, Tour of Duty personnel would be given the same benefits as regular officers, such as liberalised family pension, ECHS facility, gratuity, and ex-servicemen status.

If implemented, the Tour of Duty model would not only bring an “exponential” reduction in defence pensions, but could make for a more attractive career option than SSC, sources said.

“Moreover, the job would offer attractive pay and allowances as compared to what fresh graduates are offered in other jobs,” the officer quoted above said.

Another source said the budget saved in this way could be used in the modernisation of the armed forces.

The proposal states that the cumulative approximate cost of pre-commission training, pay, allowances, gratuity, proposed severance packages, leave encasement and other costs is nearly Rs 5.12 crore and Rs 6.83 crore respectively on a SSC officer after his retirement from service after 10 and 14 years.

It adds that the overall cost goes up even further as 50-60 per cent of the SSC officers opt for Permanent Commission and continue in service till 54 years and also get pension benefits on retirement.

“Similar costs for those released after a three-year ToD is just Rs 80-85 lakh,” the officer said.

In case of jawans, that the prospective lifetime savings of just one jawan is Rs 11.5 crore, it estimates. It says the savings for only 1000 jawans could be Rs 11,000 crore, which could be pushed into the modernisation of the Army.

Also read: Army plans to reorganise training courses hit by pandemic, could shift many to next session

Inverse Induction 

The Inverse Induction model will look at bringing personnel recruited by CAPFs into the armed forces’ fold for about seven years, before they go back to their respective recruiting organisations.

There is an existing proposal that retired armed forces personnel be recruited by the CAPFs. But the model under consideration would flip things around.

A second senior Army officer said the Inverse Induction model will not only save on defence pensions, but will also help in training personnel better.

“Their tenure in the armed forces will provide the CAPFs with trained, battle-hardened personnel. They can also be recruited by other understaffed departments like Home Guards, Civil Defence Corps, the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), and other security agencies,” this officer said.

The Takshashila Institution’s 2019 discussion document had stated that if, over time, 10 per cent of the total strength of Indian armed forces, meaning about 1.2 lakh personnel, are brought in through the Inverse Induction method, the pension bill reduction in year 15 would be Rs 6,468 crore.

“In year 16, the savings will increase to Rs 6,662 crore. In this way, the pension expenditure saved every year will keep rising,” the document stated.

Also read: Govts will need to support armed forces with PPEs, ventilators if Covid situation worsens


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  1. I’m sir Indian army interest taiyar ha sir joy him sir plz my Indian army Jaan ha my join sir my hit 5futh no salarir no my rade trading fayaring duty fayaring radey

  2. I am interested ‘Tour of Duty'( three year plan)
    Education: deploma electrical engineering.
    Location:Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
    How can apply for the same please guide.

  3. I am interested. I want to join the Indian Army tour on duty service. I have done graduation in 2017fromC.U. and NCC-B exam certificate pass. P.M. Rally. NIC program from Delhi. I have done basic computer Crouse and Rock Climbing Crouse from Bankura Susuniahills. Phone no -8768992996. Please contact me.

  4. Namaste sir am 31years old I want to join in indian army forever am very interested want to die for my country it’s my life ambition but. I heard recently tour of duty option for three years such a great opportunity for me. If choice is their I want to do this job forever because I love my country one more option is I’m still bachelor. Sir it’s my humble request you sir pls give me a chance to die for my country jai hind

  5. I am 46 years old and I want to join the Indian Army for 3 years I am a national boxer 1991-1996 of northeast zonal boxing association judge even second degree blackbelt
    Already playing YMCA 1992 -93 in delhi. Waiting for the reply

  6. sir i am ashish my father has served indian army ,i was also interested to serve for my nation but i got distracted really i want to join army for my nation ,i know it could be for 3 yrs only but people like me will be really happy to join for 3 yrs

  7. Barath Matha kyee Jai… My greatest wish in life is to die as an Indian army man I am. Any time any where. Sir my age 33. Hight 5.5 inh

  8. Me bhi 3 years ke liye indian army join karna chahti hu aur me ye kar sakhi hu sir muze plz 1 Mike de jay hind

  9. Jai hind sir
    I request you one time please join Indian army my family is very poor place one chance

  10. मला एक संधी द्या मी 3 वर्ष आर्मी मध्ये काम करू शकतो
    वय 28
    शिक्षण बी कॉम. ६९%

  11. Meri umar 35 he sir me Desh sewa karuga meri uchi 5 Fit he sir jai hind jai Bharat

  12. I am intresh 3 shal duty par meri uchi 5 fit he me bhi Desh ki seva karna ki icha he meri jai hind jai Bharat me Hindustani hu Hindustani rahuga jai hind

  13. A very mach Indian army fans and followers of Christ the King of fighters and followers on Twitter

  14. Dushman se larna mujhe v ek bar join karne de sir phno nmbr.. 6366176412 call me sir please one time

  15. Sir please clarify all the information about Tour of duty, when it comes ND how can we apply for these vacancy. After three years what will do ? Any other government sector will hire that person or not.

  16. I am interested indian army .
    Me chata hu ke. Me bhi 3 year ke liye joint hina chata hu.
    Sir give me a chance too
    I also want to join the Indian Army
    I am ready to inform that for my country

    Contact No. 8769998323
    Contect No. 9510369844

    • Good evening sir.
      Dear respected sir.
      Please gave me your email Id and photos.

      Bye Bye sir.

  17. This government idea is so good and i will join indian army but sir i think age limit under 30 years not more .

  18. It’s really great opportunity for who wants to do honestly serve their self for Indian army, I’m excited to join force for forever.

  19. Dear sir/mam,
    I am Dhiraj sarma from Assam, India. I am a student of kendriya vidyalaya, Mangaldai. I read in class XII. I have a request for you and to the defence ministry of India that in this 3 year’s service please select the under 18 students also, those who want to join the force and fit in this force. Because our India has a huge amount of resources but all time the government fails to use it. But I would like to request you that this time there will be no such type of repetition of the same mistake.
    Thank you!
    Yours sincerely,
    Dhiraj sarma, Mangaldai, Assam.
    Jai Hind!

  20. I love my country.. isliye mei apni desh ko rakhsa karne ke liye is is 3 years ki duty ko karna satha hoo.. i love my country.
    Jai hind

  21. I am not eligible for the two posts but my two daughters are ready to serve for the country .whenever needed they will go for it. Rudra Roy .Phone 9831038453

  22. I am so much ready to serve for my motherland jai hind since my childhood wanted to join military and it will be great to voluntarily serve for my country

  23. This is very great news for me sir!! i always wanted to do something for India. This is like dream come true for me.
    I’m 3rd year architecture student. As soon as I complete my under graduation I will be there for to serve myself for Indian army.
    Thank you so much for giving us this opportunity…..

  24. I am very proud of my country India and I love my country India. I would be first person to join Tour of Duty for 3 years. My phone no-9113938973

  25. I’m game for it sir.
    And I’m sure I will become a disciplined and responsible soldier.
    And I promise I will never disappoint any of you sir.
    Jai hind 🇮🇳

  26. Sir it’s a very good initiative to serve the nation sir, but please try to keep it as mandatory for all the private sector jobs, government sector jobs and politicians also so that everyone will know the ethics, discipline, punctuality, love for nation and equality sir.

  27. After tenth class I have to discontinue my studies am i eligible for this 3 year service

  28. I m greartful to serve for nation its great chance to do smthg for our nation.
    I m 35 year old lady .
    I do anythg for my mother land.
    I want to do this if I fit ur criteria
    It’s my dream to show my courage

  29. What is a process to join this three years “tour of duty” please share more details on my email I’d. I want to collect some memories with my nation hero’s. If I’m select or eligible for this duty then I’m proudly say “I’m one of them”.

  30. Sir,
    I agree with you
    I Want to join in Indian army
    I am ready
    Age 18 years
    Now im persuing in C.SE
    Mob no_7631509003

  31. I am interested sir vale hi selary na do bass join karneka moka do aapne varaat ma ke liye kuch vi kaar jawaga jai hind ma tujhe salam.

  32. I am interested in serving our country, looking forward to know more my number is 9664538683. Please contact me

  33. me kaafi saal se try kr rha hu army me Jaane ke liye me Bharat kre liye or apne shahid jawaano ka badla leke rhunga 3 saal nhi mehnat krke retierment tak krunga uske liye chahe mujhe kadi mehnat krni pade apne desh ke liye army officer se nivedan h ki mujhe sirf ek chance diya jaaye me bhut interested hu or mujhe super plane ki update jarure kre……. Thanks for all army soldiers and officer will you give me chance to join army… And I will do anything for India and Indian army and bcm perfect and responsibility person in army… And I hope Indian army will get this comment very soon and give chance to join army……

  34. Me interested hu mujhe ek mauka diya jaaye me kaafi saal se try kr rha hu army me Jaane ke liye me Bharat kre liye or apne shahid jawaano ka badla leke rhunga 3 saal nhi mehnat krke retierment tak krunga uske liye chahe mujhe kadi mehnat krni pade apne desh ke liye army officer se nivedan h ki mujhe sirf ek chance diya jaaye me bhut interested hu or mujhe super plane ki update jarure kre……. Thanks for all army soldiers and officer to give me chance to join army… And I will do anything for India and Indian army and bcm perfect and responsibility person in army… And I hope Indian army will get this comment very soon and give chance to join army……

    • Name pranay harjbhau khedikar
      Qualification 10 and 12 pass
      Iam 18 years old
      I want to join a tour of duty service
      Jay hind🇮🇳

  35. Jai Hind sir..
    I interested indian Army..
    I am always ready
    Ph 9609903578

  36. I Am Sunilkumar c, i am complited in have Service my nation so plz Give me one chance..This is my number..9035369255

  37. Sir, I want to serve the nation blindly this is incredible chance for any indian to become part of Indian army it’s a pride moment of my life if I get a opportunity. I wanted to join immediately to serve my country .

  38. “Tour of Duty”…
    as stated is a term synonymous with the tour of adventure,risk,thrill and fear amidst courage to survive….whereas the duty of the armed forces personnel is to defend,secure,guard the frontiers without even imagining the gateways of exit or runways points of thoughts in his minds while he/she is holding the critical position of duties ,commanded to him by his CO,whether he make it to life or supreme sacrifice. THats the motto of ARMY.. MY MEN-MY COMPANY-MY PALTAN will win the battle whatsoever be the consequence of my personal stature. Where will this spirit be found in THE TOUR OF DUTY ‘professionals …-professional bcoz they will eventually leave the organisation after a certain fixed tenure gaining professionalism. What Armed forces teaches to men are not only confined to professionalism…It gives a sense of self-esteem towards its collective allignment in favour of the unit he serves in for life–or sacrificing life whenever required in the line of duty….not the “TOUR of DUTY”.. This happens when Think-tanks do the jobs of defence of frontiers on ground and undermines the Core philosophy behind the Jawans, laying their lives.

  39. I am interested indian army .
    Me chata hu ke. Me bhi 3 year ke liye joint hina chata hu.
    Sir give me a chance too
    I also want to join the Indian Army
    I am ready to inform that for my country

    Contact No. 8460891897
    Contect No. 8347177173

  40. I am interested indian army .
    Me chata hu ke. Me bhi 3 year ke liye joint hina chata hu.
    Sir give me a chance too
    I also want to join the Indian Army
    I am ready to inform that for my country
    Jai Hind
    Contact No. 8460891897
    Contect No. 8347177173
    Email id .

  41. Three year service it is good ideas I specaily support this thinking.
    I am interested indian army .
    Me chata hu ke. Me bhi 3 year ke liye joint hina chata hu.
    Sir give me a chance too
    I also want to join the Indian Army
    I am ready to inform that for my country
    Jai Hind
    Contact No. 8460891897
    Contect No. 8347177173
    Email id .

  42. मेने तो 2020 भर्ती दी मेरी टाइमिंग 5.10 सेकेंड थी
    मुझे तो बहुत दिल चलती है पसंद है

  43. If you want employment for life go be a clerk. If you want employability go for the adventure

  44. Jai hind
    I am Sanjay Shankar jadhav I have work Martial Arts Teacher for 15 year I will give training India army at Mumbai kalina santacruz I join army but may age 34 year can I join army.
    Plz tell me sir my contact number: 9819861967 my WhatsApp Number 8652079769

  45. Ravindra pandit
    I am intereseded my age 18 years can i applicable

    सर एक बार मौका चाहिए

  46. Sir i am hearing impaired disability so can i join indian army in tour of duty….plz reply i want to buy hear machine it is very cost because it is only my karma so i want to need salary….

  47. Sir, എനിക്ക് താല്പര്യം ഉണ്ട്‌, age limit ഉണ്ടോ?

  48. Basically replica of GI model of US Army. Good thinking. The 3 years one should attract many able bodied ones. However, all expenses on Armed forces are waste, futile. No need to fight Pakistan, China. Spend on education, health services, infrastructures, Human Resources.

  49. I have born ordinary and I don’t want death to be ordinary since we started to think the only aim is to serve the country in any manner I am looking forward for this opportunity to serve atleast by this platform.

  50. What’s a point? Will they do operational task within these three years? Will they be given body of troops to command? Or desk job?? Which will eventually compromise the security of the organisation, once they leave.It sounds like a paid picnic for three years.

  51. Respected sir,
    With due respect I would like to request your good self that kindly grant me to join TOUR OF DUTY. Sir i am only one son of Ex -Army man, I had been wished join Indian Army since my childhood, but some of problem I can’t join this, but my mind set always wished to serve the Nation.
    Therefore I request you sir to kindly grant me to join TOUR OF DUTY for serve the Nation please.

  52. Jai hind ! when this requirement will start sir ?plz reply . I m ready to join each and every time

  53. Is this for Men only?? What about women?? If so then please mention the age criteria.. Please

    • No decision on women yet because it will depend on which arm they will recruit for. If it’s combat arms, then no women, if it’s other arms, then possibly yes.

    • Age limit, as per latest reports, would be fresh graduates. But it is fluid since it’s just a concept. So should be around 21-22.

  54. എനിക്ക് ഇതിൽ ചേരാൻ ആഗ്രഹം ഉണ്ട്. നാലൊരു കാര്യം ആണ്..

  55. What is the possible date of Recuitment please Reply who have post this news…
    And also please mention the Qulification and age limit all the details which is essential for this requirement…

    • No one knows about the date of recruitment because as of now it is a concept being studied. Only after it gets relevant approvals from the government, will the recruitment start.
      Age limit, as per latest reports, would be fresh graduates. But it is fluid since it’s just a concept.

  56. तीन वर्षाची सेवा हि चांगली कल्पना आहे

  57. भर्ती शूरू हो तो एक बार बता दें साहब । अपनी जिंदगी वतन के नाम करना चाहता हूँ । जान दूंगा कदम पीछे न करूँगा।

  58. मेरा सपना था सेना में रहकर देश की सेवा करूँ लेकिन उस समय पूरा नहीं हो सका। वर्तमान में उ०प्र० सरकार की सेवा में बतौर राजस्व निरीक्षक अपनी सेवाएं दे रहा हूँ।आपकी इस घोषणा से लगता है कि मेरा वह सपना तो पूरा होगा ही साथ ही राष्ट्र की विशेष सेवा का अवसर प्राप्त हो सकेगा।

  59. I want to join Indian army already I’m practicing if the tour of duty recruitment starts definitely I will join in that .if its starts give me the information

  60. When this requriment will start & how to join ,, pls can u give some more details

  61. Yes , Iam ready to give my service to my country. But Iam 31 years old and height is 4.8 inches.

  62. I’m interested to serve my nation as and when required.minimum and maximum age required.

  63. Can you please give us more clear information about it…and please mention the age and every thing…

    • The proposal is still being studied and specific details are yet to be fleshed out, which will then have to be approved by the government before it is implemented. However, this is for fresh graduates (22-23 age bracket) and the process, as it stands now, will involve three years of service plus about a year of training. There will no severance package as such but a lump sum amount on completion of the three year tenure is being considered.

  64. Negative.
    1. National security will be compromised
    2. Work culture will hamper.
    3. Indiscipline will be high.

  65. At the time of making career if one join army one will ruin ones career, once he passes golden time of his life,
    What he will do after three years , no one will join

  66. i agree with this model but wat about me i have not made to army 6 times im 29 i want a job in army i am sad depressed, can this 3yr model help me to join army????
    can Territorial army infantry give permanent commission to me?
    y cant i join RAW as field agent?
    plz ans my qs some 1

  67. Wage inflation makes many a business unviable to run… Wage and pension bill is doing the same thing to Army. The cost of the sins of the forefathers are borne by the children and grand children.. The actions of many paycommissions, resistance to cut manpower and above all one-rank-one-pension are hurting the future soldiers..

  68. Dear sir,
    First of All bring the equality in armed forces .officers are getting much more and they are over privileged . Where as jawans are struggling for their existence in service. This is the reason that airmen ,jeans and sailors of all three services leaving service just after the mendetory service. First of all make the perks and privilages same to both officers and jawans.payments may varies as their qualifications are different.,but MSP should be same.

    • Also ask why pm is moving on charter plane and why not the same for cabinet secretary or normal personnel working hard in govt
      Privileges should be same na

      • First of all the PM doesn’t charter any plane. It’s a Boeing747 used for Government officials only(not just limited to PM). The rest of your comment is just bull crap. You have no freaking clue of what you’re talking about. Surely it’s your prejudice and hate for our PM. Get a job and a life boomer.

  69. Will not prove effective as everyone wants employment for life rather than short term that squeezes best productive years

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