File photo of S-400 | Commons
File photo of S-400 | Commons
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New Delhi: India’s S-400 Triumf air defence system is currently in production in Russia and will undergo a series of trials before its arrival in the country by the end of 2021.

Sources said amid tensions with China at the Line of Actual Control in Ladakh, Russia will supply certain kinds of missiles and bombs for the Indian Air Force and the Army as part of emergency procurement.

Sources also said during the recent visit of Defence Minister Rajnath Singh to Russia, a review of all defence contracts signed and those in pipeline was done.

Diplomatic sources said India has sought emergency delivery of quite a few items.

They said India is aware that according to the contract, the delivery of the S-400 system would begin within 24 months from the payment of the first tranche of the $5.2-billion dollar deal.

Sources said even though the contract for the system, which will be India’s air defence umbrella and the main pillar of the Indian Air Force’s defence grid, was signed in October 2018, the payment took time because both countries had to find a way around the US sanctions against Russia.

Initially, it was expected that the first of the five S-400 systems will start coming in by the end of 2020. Following this, the rest of the four systems will be supplied over a period of four years.

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“The production process involves a lot of computing and coding, which is very specific to the requirements of a particular customer. There are series of tests that are conducted, which are also followed up by training. The production can’t be simply sped up,” a source said.

The source added it is not like in-use missiles, which can be diverted from Russian forces to India or any other customer.

Also read: Covid-19 pandemic won’t affect S-400 deliveries: Indian Ambassador in Russia

Capabilities of S-400

The S-400 is the most modern air defence system in the Russian arsenal meant for export.

It is capable of destroying incoming hostile aircraft, missiles and even drones within a range of up to 400 km. It has a tracking capability of nearly 600 km.

The system has been designed to knock down flying targets, including those equipped with stealth technologies, at a distance of about 400 km. It is also capable of taking out ballistic missiles and hypersonic targets. 

Compared to its predecessor — the S-300 — the S-400 has a firing rate that is 2.5 times faster.

As reported by ThePrint earlier, each S-400 battery comprises long-range radar, a command post vehicle, target acquisition radar and two battalions of launchers (each battalion has eight). Each launcher has four tubes.

The S-400 can be armed with four different types of missiles with ranges of 400 km, 250 km, 120 km and 40 km. The long-range radar can track more than 100 flying objects simultaneously while being able to engage a dozen targets.

Also read: China ‘deploys’ S-400s, IAF has war gamed the scenario multiple times for air ops


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11 Comments Share Your Views


  1. Russia is no longer a buddy of India as it has no definite geopolitical interest, further with India’s incline towards the west for arms purchases. Russian economy is boosted by China . So it will never give anything that’ll hamper China or Russia’s own economic interests. It’s just continuing to maintain the old relation and in part to balance China, if ever it becomes real threat to Russia itself. See how it sides with Iran. Iran cancelled the Chabahar port railway construction bid from India. Iran along with China had planned to attack India ( because of its proximity to Israel). Russia will make a blunder if it trusts any of these two dicy nations. But anyhow, it will keep India on tenterhooks regarding the supply of S 400. It doesn’t want to hurt China, it’s economic salvager.

  2. Russia will give only two battery this year. The rest there will be delivered by 2022. It is a tactics to parallel the situation. As China is also a prime business part of Russia.

  3. The sale of Russian S-400 missile system to India could destabilise the region but at the same time downplayed its efficacy, noting that Pakistan had developed capabilities that could defeat India’s planned Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) System.

    • Pakistan has developed Islamic jihad which is destabilizing it’s own country all Pakistani will have new abbu China .just like some 1400 yrs ago they had accepted Babar and Gazni and Taimur their new abbu.

  4. Cheap strategy against a 4 s400 missile battery:
    send 4 old jets or drones into the s400 range, the Japanese would employ this strategy no dramas.
    Once all s400 missiles are used up, India can then send in their best jets to take on the Chinese air force.

    • They are no idiots! Given the cost of S-400 equipments like missiles, etc., they would only use it when “needed” the most!

  5. Given the “delay“ in delivery, India should be permitted the option which will allow them to upgrade the S400 to the S500 package which has a longer range of approximately 200kms amongst other enhancements. This would appear in line with contemporary standards when the system eventually gets delivered and deployed.; perhaps the last two batteries.


  7. Russia will supply us Missiles which China can stop with Russian S 400 system .
    OK , let us go for war without killing anyone , Thank Russia


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