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Topic: Epidemic Diseases Act
An up-to-date legal framework will ensure there is no misuse of police power and human rights are protected. India can't tackle next pandemic with a 19th-century law.
A city in northern China has reported suspected cases of bubonic plague this Saturday. The disease killed about 12 million in India when it occurred in 1896.
Modi govt promulgates ordinance to amend the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897, increasing punishment and fast-tracking investigation and judgments.
The Epidemic Diseases Ordinance 2020 allows the Kerala govt to take special measures and frame regulations to tackle an epidemic disease.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was tried for his articles in Kesari during the bubonic plague. It would fundamentally change how India understood sedition.
While govt is using Disaster Management Act and 1897 Epidemic Diseases Act in tandem to tackle the coronavirus outbreak, experts say India needs a modern public health law.
The Epidemic Act was enacted to crack down on people — cart-drivers, sweepers, cleaners — who fled municipal limits in the aftermath of the 1896 bubonic plague.
The Disaster Management Act, 2005, and the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897 are innovative, but they still fall short of comprehensibly dealing with outbreaks.