A health worker draws a blood sample as part of the serological survey in Delhi | Photo: Manisha Mondal | ThePrint
Representational image | A health worker draws a blood sample as part of the serological survey in Delhi | Photo: Manisha Mondal | ThePrint
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New Delhi: Almost one in four people in Delhi had been infected by the novel coronavirus till the first week of July, a serological survey conducted by the National Centre for Disease Control has found.

The survey report said 23.48 per cent of the 21,387 samples collected across 11 districts of Delhi had antibodies against the SARS-CoV2.

This would mean for a city with an approximate population of 2 crore, the total number of cases should stand somewhere around 47 lakh — Delhi currently has a total of 1,23,747 cases.

Missed cases would also result in community transmission, something that Delhi Health Minister Satyender Jain had expressed apprehensions about last month.

The study was conducted from 27 June to 10 July. This is one of the largest sero-prevalence studies conducted in the country using the ELISA testing.


Also read: Delhi seems to have hit Covid peak with cases declining significantly, says AIIMS director


What the survey means

In a statement, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare said: “Nearly six months into the epidemic, only 23.48% of the people are affected in Delhi, which has several pockets of dense population. This can be attributed to the proactive efforts taken by the Government to prevent the spread of infection including prompt lockdown,effective containment and surveillance measures, including contact tracing and tracking, as well as citizen’s compliance to COVID Appropriate Behaviours.”

However, it added, a significant proportion of the population is still vulnerable. “Therefore, the containment measures need to continue with the same rigour. Non-pharmacological interventions such as physical distancing, use of face mask/cover, hand hygiene, cough etiquette and avoidance of crowded places etc., must be followed strictly.”

Teams for the serological survey were formed for all 11 districts of Delhi. Blood samples were collected from selected individuals after taking written informed consent and then their sera were tested for IgG antibodies and infection using ‘COVID KAVACH ELISA’ approved by the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR). IgG antibodies are the most common antibodies found in the human body.

As many as 21,387 samples were collected. The tests help in identification of the presence of antibodies in the general population. Antibody testing repeatedly done over time, i.e. sero-surveillance, generates important evidence for assessing the spread of the pandemic from time to time, the ministry added.

Last month, the ICMR had released the results of the first phase of its nationwide serological survey on Covid-19. It collected data from 26,400 people across 69 districts. After analysis of data from 65 districts it found that 0.73 per cent people in these districts had been exposed to the virus till 30 April.

The NCDC survey has a far bigger sample size in comparison to the population it is attempted to assay.


Also read: India’s R value for Covid climbs a second time this month, at 1.17 now from 1.11 last week


 

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5 Comments Share Your Views

5 COMMENTS

  1. Any link to the full report? How was sampling done, what is the false positive rate of the anti-body test etc. The reliability of the conclusion (47 lakh people infected) isn’t clear as yet, and that number is pretty important to understand.

  2. Herd I’mmunity in a country like India is always best first identify .isolate and allow I’mmunity to develop .prevent gatherings .close contact .practice social distancing and wear masks improve immune status thro diet drugs and anerobic exercises so as to reduce release of adnergic catecholamine hormones thro aerobic activity .give rest to lungs .practice Surya namaskar before 6 in the morning .kindest rgds Prof Dr t m s Prasad panicker ,thazhathuveetil med director s m memorial superspeciality centre

  3. 23% of 2 crore plus Delhi residents would mean 46 lakhs infected. Only 1.1 lakh tested positive with tests and deaths at about 3000 at that time. Fatality rate is 3000 per 46 lakhs. So actually the disease has spread everywhere despite lockdowns etc is not as lethal . The experts misunderstood this and have caused an economic disaster.
    Waves of this will come and go. antibodies are best detected after 2 weeks of infection so actual numbers of those infected will be much larger.
    Was wrong to not accept community transmission , fear filled more hospital beds, sent staff packing and left the really in need of treatment on the gates of hospitals.

  4. this is only possible I guess iff this coronavirus is not novel – other coronaviruses like common cold etc may be responsible for the presence of antibodies

  5. This means mortality % is very low and very large % of population do not have any symptoms, this may be good .So we are heading towards heard immunity ?

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