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On 19 March 2021, a five-judge Constitution bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan asked for how many generations would reservations in jobs and education continue.

Just two weeks back, one of my batchmates, who was an SC, left IIT Gandhinagar because he felt discriminated against on various levels. The exclusionary and discriminatory system forced him to leave the college and impacted his mental health. And this incident has left me angry, irritated, depressed and anxious.

This is true for almost every institution in India. On a daily basis, students from SC, ST, and OBC communities face discrimination in these educational places on various levels. The caste and class hegemony in the educational, political, social, and economical spaces by the upper-caste is prominent across the country. Even after controlling most of the spaces and resources of the country, this Supreme Court statement about reservation is quite funny and ironical.

From an undergraduate student in Delhi University to a Masters student at IIT Gandhinagar, my experience has taught me that these educational spaces are casteist and elitist, and are controlled by upper castes. These places are more casteist than my village in Bihar.

SC, ST, OBC data from educational institutions

Even 12 years after the implementation of OBC reservation for faculty members, there is not a single professor from the community in most of the 40 central universities in India.

According to data presented by Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank in the Rajya Sabha, in Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bengaluru, only 2.1 per cent candidates admitted to the PhD programmes were from the ST category, 9 per cent were from SC and 8 per cent from OBC categories from 2016-2020. And it was the same for integrated PhD programmes: 9 per cent of the total admitted candidates were from SC category, 1.2 per cent from ST and 5 per cent from OBC categories.

In the 17 Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), 1.7 per cent of total PhD candidates were from ST category, 9 per cent from SC and 27.4 per cent from OBC. These trends are similar or even worse in other institutes like NITs and IISERs.

Even after getting admission, it is challenging for students from the reserved category to continue the course. If you see the dropout trends from these premium educational institutions, the majority of the students will be from SC/ST/OBC categories.

In 2019, Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, in a written reply to the Parliament, said that 48 per cent of students dropping out of the IITs and over 62.6 per cent from IIMs are from the SC, ST and OBC categories.

If we look at faculty data in these institutions from reserved categories, the representation is minuscule. According to data by the education ministry, presented in 2019 in Lok Sabha, out of 6,043 faculty members at the 23 IITs, 149 were SCs and 21 were STs — they made up less than 3 per cent of the total number of faculty members.

Most of the IITs do not have a single professor from the SC/ST community.

The educational system is captured by the upper caste in such a way that it is very difficult for people from reserved categories to invade and make their space.

Nexus of upper-caste domination and hierarchy

Editors and series editors of reputed journals and big publishing houses, professors, vice-chancellors, director, deans, non-teaching staff — the gatekeepers of the caste system are everywhere to stop the growth of SCs, STs and OBCs.

The exclusionary policies in these educational spaces lead the reserved category students to drop out of the educational institutes. The discrimination is so systemic and institutionalised that it is tough for students from reserved categories to survive and continue their academic passion.

As Vivek Kumar, professor of sociology at the Centre for the Study of Social System, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, pointed out in an article, upper caste networks dominate and sustain a hegemony in the discipline of sociology in India.

He analysed the domination of upper caste in this discipline in universities, institutions and colleges, and as producers of knowledge by authors of books.

A similar analysis can be made for other disciplines like history, anthropology, literature
and many more.

For instance, if look at subaltern studies, most of the academicians who have made a niche for themselves are upper caste.

If we analyse these things through the lens of Edward W. Said’s seminal book Orientalism, we can understand more about the discourse relating to upper caste vs the other caste in India, just like the debate of elite vs non-elite and occidentals vs orients.

Rahul Kumar is a student of IIT Gandhinagar, Gujarat

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116 COMMENTS

  1. Hello Mr. Rahul Kumar, Can you please provide data for below 2 personal opinions of yours? One thing I don’t get with these days with news portal like The Print that why they don’t have proper journalists and not some amateur writing their opinion as facts. I have studied in a Central University and there were enough professors of OBC/SC/ST. Similarly my sister is studying central law university, same for her. I want to understand from what is the source of Mr. Rahul Kumar’s statement?

    1. Even 12 years after the implementation of OBC reservation for faculty members, there is not a single professor from the community in most of the 40 central universities in India.
    2. Most of the IITs do not have a single professor from the SC/ST community.

  2. Seats for admission in government college’s should be based on talent not on general /sc/st/obc category basis.for iits/niit/iiit admission students are giving their childhood.so its total injustice with talent government should think of it.

  3. ✔ The basic criteria defined to be eligible as EWS(Upper Class) is ridiculous. Not many checked the criteria mentioned with the data available with NSSO to determine how many fall in that section. Is it because upper caste Weaker Sections are little affluent than none upper caste, policy makers have tailored to suite them?
    ✔ EWS is an exercise to emancipation the remaining sections of Upper class who are not on par with the rest of upper class.
    ✔ If one apply EWS Criteria to whole population of India, close to 70%. – 90% households are in that criteria on four parameters. Shall we discard all these reservations based on caste and go for this EWS? This is better option, maximum benefit for all.

    🔴With EWS being proactively implemented by the bureaucracy which is dominated by the upper caste who are around 25%(I stand to correct) but occupying over 50% – 60% Central Government positions, can OBC, SC, ST expect any socio-economic-Political justice?
    🔴 SOLUTION:
    ✔ In India OBC/SC/ST are Called Marginalised Majority, they must forge an alliance amd either form a Political party or take part in tactical voting(Learn from Muslims). Just vote for your OBC, SC, ST candidates and capture power. Corollary – Do not vote for upper class.
    ✔ We need to change your mindset: All major political parties are controlled by Upoer Class, there is no set in Party agenda setting. Be assertive within the parties, challenge leaders on issues related to inequalities.
    ✔ Weaponize vote: Raise awareness about value of vote, for this slogan must be “Our Votes, Our Representatives”. Convert numbers to votes, vote to seats, seats to Power. OBCs are close to 50% their representation in parliament ranges from 10% – 22%. during (1962 -2014) .
    🔴 Bigger question to all leaders of #MarginalizedMajority is how come upper class is punching above their weight, just double?
    🔴 This entire mess is due to divided leadership and cooption of leaders of OBC, SC, ST by upper class parties.

  4. They get entry to the collage through reservation.But after that most of the quota students are dumb and cannot continue th course .If they continue and got pass mark in exam only na they can sit for phd?Its their fault. Sc St students get less marks in entrance exams and still get into premiere institutions. But after entering they dont know anything.phD needs some brain work to get through it.These quota students cant manage that much pressure with the merit students who got the collage through their merit. Personally k know my friend who got 25 k in an exam and my rank was 2k.She got the seat through quota but i didn’t.Sc 15 % reservation. St 7.5% reservation. OBC 27 % .Ews 10% .pWD x%.After this general has only less than 40 percent seat.Are we general caste with parent a govt employee who cant apply for ews a joke to you??India dont take the deserved.But take the reserved.Its the clear cut reason why still india is not in the developed Nations..Against caste reservation.

  5. You are all people who can’t get seat in college blame for reservation ……
    Reservation don’t take anybody seat
    We fight in own community to get seat….
    I don’t know who gave you some stupid definition of reservation…..

    Baki jo bakwas krni h karo mujhe ghanta farak padta h

  6. The most pathetic Article I have read this year. This article is showing his anger for people who got in through their hard work not taking resort to cowardly reservation system. What do you want Mr. Rahul Kumar? 80% reservations in education and jobs? Who do you think you are? Why students have to learn from a terrible teacher who got in through reservation?

    • Often, people like you, the urban upper classes tend to think that caste no longer exists.

      The privilege of being from the “general” category allows its beneficiaries to encash its traditional caste capital and convert it into modern professional identities of choice, while pretending that caste does not influence their lives.
      However, those from lower castes rendered immobile across socio-economic structures, are forced to intensify their caste identities

  7. See there is a cenntral agency known as NRA( National Recruiting Agency)
    Which is on the move to impliment effective recruitments.
    Most probably what you are lòoking for will happen.
    In that case no region, no language , no caste specific will be considered only talent will work.
    What is the problem with upper or lower caste? The one who dedicate on study will win.
    Think of the people who demand for reservation has no idea that why they are not getting seats.
    Reason appeasement policy and tact fundamentally a person is sc or st gets converted to Christian ot Muslim and get the benifit of minority quota plus basic quota.

    If a fool proof selection procedure comes up with no quota system every one has to study and compete.
    In every caste intellectuals and morones are there.

    Only quota system to be given to handicaped people.

    Let every one to fight compete and gain.

    When an army operation is planned and executed the only criteria is qualified and capable people as volunteers.
    How many forward caste and backward caste reservation is on the war front?

    When we consider efficiency versus caste, can you tell who are more in para special forces, the only qualified people irrespeçtive of caste.
    Morons among the forward caste must study hard and morons among the backward classes too must study well and improve skill.

    • Since discrimination serves as an instrument for economic
      privileges and high status for the higher castes, this vested
      interest continues to motivate them to practise discrimination
      in multiple spheres. Therefore, it is imperative to introduce
      legal safeguards and protection against discrimination
      through comprehensive policies for both the market and
      non-market institutions, and all other spheres wherein such
      discrimination persists.

  8. Merit vs Mediocre
    Those vilifying the reservation system do so based on the totally fictitious presumption that reservation means compromise in quality – or as the Supreme Court unfortunately described: “The very concept of reservation implies mediocrity”. Simple logic and empirical data proves otherwise. Almost 90 percent of India’s positions – both in public and private sectors, especially those of leadership – are occupied by people belonging to the so called Upper Caste. Yet, despite India’s advantageous geographical location, extensive natural and human resources, we rank very poorly in almost all global comparative indices. Is it not prudent to question if the so called Upper Classes, who remained at the helm of affairs in our country for long, have been inadequate and mediocre. Why must India and its vast majority of underprivileged and exploited communities continue to suffer this mediocrity?

  9. EWS criteria when applied to entire India, 70 – 90% fall under that. A cruel joke on poor people of India

  10. Merit vs Mediocre
    Merit vs Mediocre
    EWS criteria when applied to entire India, 70 – 90% fall under that. A cruel joke on poor people of India

  11. Merit vs Mediocre
    Merit vs Mediocre
    Those vilifying the reservation system do so based on the totally fictitious presumption that reservation means compromise in quality – or as the Supreme Court unfortunately described: “The very concept of reservation implies mediocrity”. Simple logic and empirical data proves otherwise. Almost 90 percent of India’s positions – both in public and private sectors, especially those of leadership – are occupied by people belonging to the so called Upper Caste. Yet, despite India’s advantageous geographical location, extensive natural and human resources, we rank very poorly in almost all global comparative indices. Is it not prudent to question if the so called Upper Classes, who remained at the helm of affairs in our country for long, have been inadequate and mediocre. Why must India and its vast majority of underprivileged and exploited communities continue to suffer this mediocrity?

  12. Those vilifying the reservation system do so based on the totally fictitious presumption that reservation means compromise in quality – or as the Supreme Court unfortunately described: “The very concept of reservation implies mediocrity”. Simple logic and empirical data proves otherwise. Almost 90 percent of India’s positions – both in public and private sectors, especially those of leadership – are occupied by people belonging to the so called Upper Caste. Yet, despite India’s advantageous geographical location, extensive natural and human resources, we rank very poorly in almost all global comparative indices. Is it not prudent to question if the so called Upper Classes, who remained at the helm of affairs in our country for long, have been inadequate and mediocre. Why must India and its vast majority of underprivileged and exploited communities continue to suffer this mediocrity?

  13. Totally senseless, it is because they come up with reservation not on merit that’s why some of them can’t continue further and ultimately need to drop out.
    If still with this reservation they can’t come up then sorry it is useless for them and govt should abolish the reservation.

    • Anti-discrimination laws and reservation policies were brought in to ensure that Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes(STs) are protected from discrimination in the spheres of employment, education and political representation. The idea was to not just improve their economic status, but to address the denial of rights and oppression meted out to these groups over the years, and to work towards rectifying their utter lack of representation in public office.

      The question of caste still looms large in India, yet many among us refuse to see, hear or understand caste and what it means for those who suffer because of it.

  14. Duh, I belong to OBC category in this pseudo-social construct. And this article is total bullshit. It’s just written by incompetent people to defend the incompetency of people. While I won’t deny discrimination still exist.
    Still, this particular analogy is factless, & aimed at making people feel discriminated, ultimately resulting in them skipping over the real issues for their slow growth or non-representation which is their efforts, skills & choices.

  15. I think its very well structured and extremely good written. People criticising should realise that he is sharing a reality with a reliable data. One cannot argue that its vague or misleading, because its the truth. And one should also stop questioning that what about EWS. Here he is focusing about SC STS OBCS.
    Rahul I stand with you, and I’m on complete solidarity on what you’ve written! Its commendable.

  16. inorder to avoid the discrimination supreme court justice has suggested that all candidates should be general like USA and all other developed countries. No one can be humiliated to other about their cast.

  17. It’s unfortunate to raise such political issues. We had Reservation for long and INDIA is only nation where Reservation is done on caste lines rather than on economic front. Why affluent from reserve category should milk the benefits meant for poor. Second completing PHD is a herculean task where one has to invest considerable time,energy and effort to complete it. My wife completed in 10 years though she was engaged in teaching but dedication paid off. Second the reserve category should be given benefit in basic education and for higher studies they should compete and get seat on.metit. Respect is for talent and knowledge not degrees though it is a gateway not guarantee. When merit is compromised then why blame others. When getting lower marks fetches a seat in reputed college ignoring high scores then such low score students are bound to feel inferior it’s better govt should add extra seats for reserve category students and let them complete against themselves for the seat. I hope such steps would infuse confidence among them.

  18. Very brave of print to put this article up , most of the times this voice gets suppressed . I’m glad you brought it up , I suppose people are failing to realise the previledge they have right now… Crimes against st , sc communities still exist and are on a rise , more than 50% people in BPL belong to sc or St , how do you expect them to compete with those having everything at their disposal… Reservation is still important , moreover there is reservation for under EWS and a income barrier in OBC … It’s important to recognise that the problem still exists and 80% comment section ignores the bigger picture in which 80-90% of population of same community half so less representation . When they’ll rise economically … Through jobs and education only then will they be able to match the others . I hope people stop being so ignorent self centred and illogical .

  19. Mr Xyz
    It is not fair to state that the reserved category students are not sustaining . You first try to understand the reasons for which they are not able to sustain as they have come to the same institution with the same capacity of knowledge.
    My comments is when the reserved category students are treated equally the way as others are treated by the teaching and non teaching staff and also by the classmates like, then we think everything will go well.
    Thanks for your understanding and comments

    • They’ll probably teach people like you on caste atrocities, they’ll teach ambedkar and Phule. Since clearly, you seem to be so delusional about reservation policies. This is what a person from reserved category will teach you. Get out from your bubble. You don’t see discrimination because it is so invisiblised for you. A person from reserved category will sensitize you.

  20. It’s totally fake first of all wash your mind with detergent do u known why most of students from sc/st crack the exam on the basis of reservation take a place of general students so how they will survive between genius
    ये sc, /st के नाम पर रंडी रोना छोड़ दो आजादी के 70 साल से उप्पर हो गए अरे हक्क तो ये sc/st मारते हैँ सामान्य के बच्चो का

    • Phle general caste walo ne bahut mara pita..bhaut kuch kaha….jeena muskil KR diya SC caste walo ka…ab hme JB kuch benefit government de rhe h tb bhi ye general wale..hmare peeche pde h

  21. This things are be8ng said by people who are Getting admission in every gov colleges in india at half the number of what general are getting through and there is reservation even in promotion even if you are worst in your field you will get promoted much earlier than general catery guys you just have to be born in st sc category .this is so shameful

    • Please understand reservations exists because certain category of people lack social and cultural capital. They are not privilege enough.

    • I believe that the author is absolutely correct and to all the idiots who have question till how long we will provide ,there is simple answer, the day when we will have a Dalit PM, a famous Bollywood star, musician or dancer which belong to the Dalit category. The day when we have Dalit editors heading the Largest Newspapers in India and when in a village in UP, a Dalit girl is raped by some Upper caste men and burnt by UP administration. The day when the RSS chief belongs to the Dalit category and the day when I found manaul scavenging being done by Upper caste and Dalits priests in India’s lakhs of temple.Finally ,when Indians will stop looking for the caste of person whom he or she wishes to marry.If any one is able to answer my questions, then I will support the End of Reservation.

  22. So what is the expectation from OC’s that they should stop studying and performing, inspire of getting Reservations from entry level to elite jobs if the Reservation category are not able to do well, it’s their incompetence and stop crying foul and victim card everywhere and each time. The non reserved cate slog to reach and get hold of a seat , you are trying to rob that as well ????

    • True man, Iam preparing for gate and other exams for 2 years and every time I get away with 2&4 marks and all of this to get a job. At times I get so depressed that despite studying so much Iam still far, don’t know what to do.

  23. I personally don’t have any problem learning from a lower caste teacher if he/she is qualified enough.
    But just for the pleasure of equal representation and wishy-washy KanshiRam’s utopian dream I cannot and will not support an unqualified, below merit and undeserving prof.

  24. Mr XYZ,

    Your post reeks of hatred. My experience has taught me castism is here to stay. Reservation or not. Don’t believe me? Go take a look at Any matrimonial site. D’head!

  25. Tomorrow people like you will question…how many of sc,st,obc are in ISRO…?
    Reservation can help you to reach….but to sustain is individual capacity.

  26. Due to reservation policy in Tamilnadu I could not get MSC seat in government college in spite of being ninth rank holder in BSC.in 1975. Biased reports will not fetch you opportunities. One needs to work hard like I had to do for last 40 years more TI COME UP as I did not belong to reserved caste.

  27. In india the upper caste is so pervasive that there is none to question their dominance. Indian right and left both belong uppercaste. The people who does the the science as well as those perpetuate superstitions belong to the same uppercaste. Even noble prize will not get you into indian institutions as a faculty, you need noble birth than noble prize. Because indian institute select for thier royal blood than scientific contribution, they are of poor quality that even after 50 years of independence india is yet to get a noble prize of its own.

  28. Reservation was never and never will be a solution..A person who got everything through reservation will never know the very hard work in getting a seat in IITs and IIM and so it’s obvious that they will drop their study as they have never sweat during their preparation.. Moreover who wants to study for 30years when a person know that at the end of the day they will get a resrved seat in government job.. Nobody wants to work hard.

    • What is the minimum eligibility to get into IITs or IIMs and what is the cutoff the ST/SC/OBC category.If you compare it’s just the marginal difference in the score.

  29. Most of the reserved community student are busy spending the money saved from education in things like bikes and parties and girls …..and when the examination comes they fail and start blaming the general categories

  30. Here is a question that after 72 years of independence India did nothing to promote SC, ST, OBC ? That’s why still today depriving the other countrymen (General category) in the name of SC,ST&OBC are enjoying the tests of independence. 72 years! is not a jock. The question is that SC, ST reservation is implemented on the name of Caste and OBC’s ? Really reidiculous- somehow collected a income certificate below 1,20,000 per annum, produced a Court affidavit which is given without any enquiries and proved themselves as OBC. RESERVATION should be stopped. Crorepati SC’s ( not all) are getting the facilities of reservation in the name of Caste whereas very poor & meritorious general are depriving. It is true. The policy should be revised. Ater all Generals are also INDIAN. There is no intention to heart any one through this writing but we have consider those people who are surprisingly ( having good merit, being extreme poor) suffering from their right to live a minimum life with their parents and family.

  31. Why is the author giving drop out stats of SC/ST/OBC students enrolled for Phd programs. The PhD programs are research programs and are very difficult to compete. It is one thing to get admission into a PhD program and quite another to complete it. The SC/ST/OBC candidates due to relaxed admission criteria might find the going tough in a PhD program. Instead of giving examples of discrimination due to which SC/ST/OBC drop out rate is high, the author hypotheses that the high drop out rate among the SC/ST/OBC PhD students might be due to discrimination. If you don’t submit your assignment or copy your assignment, your professor is going to penalise you irrespective of your caste or religion as merit criteria to pass the course cannot be relaxed. Baseless articles such as this that are not objective don’t bring out the problems of SC/ST/OBC students at all.

  32. When meritorious SC/ST/OBC candidates became available, then they are mentally tortured and ineligible general candidate s are given backdoor entery to same. I am facing similar situation.

  33. I have lot of Friends from Sc category’s,and african,indonesian,botswana….. I don’t wnaat to feel discriminated,how can you say,upper,upper,upper all the time……Your views are fullfilled with stupidity all time and in all articles.
    I have 90% friends from OBC Yadavas….as a Rajput(i never mentioned my caste with my own mouth)

  34. This article is totally rubbish…The reserved category expect everything to get easy without getting any effort…They expect to get good grades with zero knowledge…Blame them not upper caste… Reservation system should go …Only deserved merit students should be allowed in Iit’s, iim’s etc.. Reservation is unfair for merit students…enough is enough. Politics should stop in educational institutions.

  35. There should be a change in the mind set of upper caste students. The faculty should also focus on such issues redress the issue. The management should also find out the reason for such drop outs. There is no use in having a reservation policy without ensuring that it reaches the needy which will only help in the long run for the upliftment of the oppressed classes.

  36. Well the bench asked a very good question. Can any one explain till when we will provide reservation on basis of caste and religion ? From which point in time we will stop dragging religion and caste to everything ? Rahul should understand that not only students from some category are leaving institutes. We should care about why do any students leave these institutions after managing to get into these prestigious institutions. Concern should be of how to address problems of every student, who will come to address the issue of those students.

    Rahul should also understand that blaming issues on some sort of imaginary nexus is not helping anyone. If students are facing any issues like caste discrimination they should mention it to police and other authorities.
    Also the article doesn’t try to give a solution at all to any problem. Where is the answer to the bench’s question?

  37. Main khud IIT me m tech se Hun ,, log chor dete hai bich me hi ,hota hi nii unse ,, basic chizon ki samajh nii hoti ,,kaisey clear karengey ,, reservation entry par hota hai na ki aagey semesters me ,, koi nexus nii hai iit me ,, teachers helpful hotey hai irrespective of quota ,, Don’t malign IITs With your narratives….

  38. The Print’s only objective is to destroy India by spreading false news and hatred. It is you who is dividing the nation on the base of caste and religion. You will raise a huge uproar if someone from the ‘minority’ community is affected or do your best to highlight some news giving it a caste color but you turn a DEAF ear and a BLIND eye to the Hindus who are persecuted by the so called minorities. Continue your saga of hatred. Karma will eventually get back to you and we will live to see you suffer the consequences.

  39. Stop blaming some imaginary nexus for all problems. Sorry to say, but this is a pathetic article. Well the author should explain in detail what happened with his friend in detail, we the readers want to know what really happened. Stop making us look through a smokescreen and make us fell that this is right.
    The author should understand that ” students “are leaving, stop looking through caste and category for a moment. The rest of the students are also valuable for the country. We should address issues of all students, regardless of their community. The question should be why “students ” are leaving these prestigious institutes.
    Authors thought on regarding book writers is nothing more than a joke. A good student try to grab knowledge from a good book, it doesn’t matter who is writing that. Mostly books get recommend for there content quality not based on it’s authors community or skin colour. My request to Rahul Kumar ji is that if he or his friends have been discriminated please report that to police and set an example
    in front of the society. Tagging every problem on an imaginary nexus is just stupid. Stop spreading these kind of conspiracy theories.

    This kind of attitude and mentality is used bg political parties and there leaders to spread fear and unnecessary concern among people.

  40. All Educations and even Supreme courts, politics wherein filled with upper-cast hegemony, no chances to develop SC ST OBC it is long way to see their development . May be it will take atleast 1000 years with anyway doubtful. Hence, the solution is remove all upper caste people from Supreme court and appoint from SC STS OBC only like law ministry and constitution given to Ambedkar amid of many more upper castes nexus.

  41. What a load of BS… What is OBC??? OBC, SC, ST aren’t one group. There is casteism even within these groups. Eg- OBC Yadav’s consider themselves superior to others like Kurmis in bihar and UP. They gobble up most of the reservation and fill positions with their fellow Yadav’s. In Maharashtra Mahars who are SC consider themselves superior to maangs and bhangis and they gobble most of the benefit of reservation. Same in Tamil Nadu where paraiyars who belong to SC discriminates arundhatiyar who are also SC. Jatavs in UP are dominant among scheduled castes and have more political bargaining over other SC. Coming to the part of SC/ST in higher education, many sc/st drop out it school or don’t continue studies due to various resons mostly financial. Instead of focussing on college why not focuss at school level?? But ofcourse most of these articles are writeen by “upper caste Liberals” or agenda driven “Dalit activists” who just want to find casteism everywhere. Kerala had good govt school system and hence there are more enrolment of kids and more students from backward caste attend college ( Though college degree doesn’t guarantee a good job).

  42. They get seats based on caste and not by capabilities. So you want now to give them degree also without improvement in their capabilities. Category people need to understand that hardwork is only option if you want to survive in such institutions. Why you want IIT, IIM ,IISC to degrade their set standards? If after getting admission also they don’t improve their skills by working, for god’s sake don’t blame people from general categories for working hard to get admission first then for maintaining high standard of education in institutions. Bcos still our top institutions are way behind west’s. And if we want make India great improvement in ourself is only option. We just can’t start distribution of degrees based on caste. Today or tomorrow caste people will need to improve themselves to survive in competitive environment.

  43. Majority will always try against reservation, that is why reservation exist. What they are asking is absolutely blunder. Reservation is made according to the population strength. Those guys who are in the majority community have no right to ask for the seats reserved for minorities.

  44. You know what the real problem behind sc/st/obcs to leave these prestigious institutions is ??
    Let me tell you , the problem is that, they are obsessed of get selected on low marks and they have got used to of this system and after getting selected , the reservation don’t work for their exams and they fail, they get back logs because they don’t study that’s why they leave, you pointed out their is only 3 percent faculty members who are from sc/st it’s because their is no reservation for faculties to get selected in IITs , NITs or IIMs and they couldn’t compete with general class faculties because they are used to of reservation, so next time you blame someone else for your own mistakes please make sure that you are able to compete with them fairly without reservation.

  45. Kuch bhi MATLAB ?
    Drop out rate can be high ,even beacuse they maybe not be used to the pressure of academic which they didn’t face in competitive exams .What nexus are you talking about .Poor general category has to put in 3 times extra effort in getting seats then again for post graduation compared to their counterparts

  46. Caste system in my country is alive only because of 3 reasons.
    1) To win the elections by vote bank politics by political parties by pooling people on the basis of their caste.
    2) Caste based reservations.
    3) Medias like the print and others that are trying to propogate their propoganda to disrupt the peaceful Indian society by creating misunderstandings between the people by their false and untrue narratives.

  47. So its the upper caste fault that that “reservation walas” can’t sustain themselves in the high end institutions because they don’t study.

  48. Blaming others for your own shortcomings. How can all of students who often get admission on half the marks of unreserved category students expected to keep up with others ? I study in one of the NITs and the proportion of reserved students is highest among the students who fail subjects often.If they fail sovoften then obviously they will have to dropout.Look at print trying to bash supreme court if their judgements and questions are not in line with it’s own rhetoric.

  49. What a stupidly one sided opinion, yes this is not journalism this is opinion of one person trying to get empathy without considering all the factors involved for discrimination. This person, for the sake of representation, totally overlooked the factor that is merit.

  50. “As Vivek Kumar, professor of sociology at the Centre for the Study of Social System, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, pointed out in an article, upper caste networks dominate and sustain a hegemony in the discipline of sociology in India.”
    Quoting the above text from the article I would like to emphasize it’s genuine nature. I was a student of sociology in the department of social sciences (Masters program) at the University of Hyderabad during the years 1985-87. My class had 30 students of which 15 belonged to the SC, ST, BC communities. By the end of the 2nd semester not a single student from the reserved communities was ready to continue. The extent of caste based harrasment was such that, even I was made a victim for supporting and encouraging these students. Favourites were picked from the upper caste section and promoted academically. Even the faculty were not spared. I could see the extent of discrimination very clearly. I was told very clearly by some of the faculty members and fellow students that I would have to stop supporting and encouraging those students otherwise I would face the consequences. And I did become a victim of the upper caste system’s fury which led to my exit from academics and entry into social activism.
    Such a sad state of affairs.

  51. Reservation system in India is the most misused concept by everybody (both General & Reserved categories). In reality, most educated person possess the caste feeling in India. When there is nothing in a general category person, caste feeling is the only weapon that he uses to differentiate humans and feel his ego is elevated (false prestige). Sadly, reserved class person also gets into his head that he belongs to weaker section and feel inferior. This mindset issue is the main crucifying factor for inferiority complex amongst OBC, SC & ST categories. This affects their emotional well being and make them to give up. From politician to school student use this caste stigma and create discrimination at every stage. One should always be practical and focus on self improvement and be practical always. Govt should abolish reservations and encourage merit. Remove caste category in school records. Things will gradually fall in place.

  52. What about those who are deserving candidates from general category but do not get the seat just because some undeserving candidate from the reservation quota has to be given that. Why there is no hype about how the upper caste students commit suicide due to not getting admission just because he secured 0.25 marks less than the cut off but his lower caste counterpart had it on scoring 10 marks less than him??? But no one would talk about it because upper castes students suicide cases would not lure the vote bank and sympathy to their party.

  53. Upper caste people dominate the lower caste people in every Field so,the can’t go up they look upon down the lower

  54. Please also write for the upper caste students who can not think for only admission in IITs because of their financial condition. In many vilage of west UP where I reside found that the economically and educationally general caste are very very poor.

  55. I guess the position of educational institutions to be Castiest and Elitist is very true . It is common form of discrimination there always , as here there is no more moral supporter left for those students to relay and lead life on. Students form groups on basis of what positions they are in may be Upper caste , Religion, Financial Conditions, The super Elite background different from others .

    I guess all these ill practices will only stop when we teach these students at there very young age, their foundations of Being a Human than a man of a particular caste, position, financial elitism. If a man from earlier days has given value the less he deflect from the current prevalent society behavior .

    Also The students participation from STs should be encouraged by making awareness in those regions where they are not as most these people try to lead a isolated life but due to various economic factors end up in low side of society. It will help in balancing their representation in social platforms

    Also Institutions must actively participate in ensuring there should be no segregation of students on basis of various baseless divisions.

    Thanks for your work it really enhanced my knowledge about this topic

  56. This should be appreciated, being educated and keeping nation at par with other countries in field of research and development especially in premiere institutions, credit must be given to those who are doing this.
    Just because of the caste they born in education can’t be seen in negative light.

  57. I’m a SC and I feel I’m qualified to answer this. First of all, due to stupid marking system students who are sub-par are allowed to join educational institutions and similar is the case with government jobs. Caste discrimination has always been there and it’s not going to end in another millenia, it’ll stay as long as there’s Hinduism, so no point wasting time on it. When sub-par people gain entry and see people who worked hard to gain entry, they come to realisation that it was the worst decision of their lives. When one enters an already plagued system and that too with a concession, it opens a whole pandora box. Government should keep reservation in place but it needs to keep marks same for all. That way only the bright ones will be able to continue.

  58. Representation OR Merit?
    Merit is always the answer.
    You go to a teacher, doctor, engineer or other services providers based on their merit.

    • Merit vs Mediocre
      Those vilifying the reservation system do so based on the totally fictitious presumption that reservation means compromise in quality – or as the Supreme Court unfortunately described: “The very concept of reservation implies mediocrity”. Simple logic and empirical data proves otherwise. Almost 90 percent of India’s positions – both in public and private sectors, especially those of leadership – are occupied by people belonging to the so called Upper Caste. Yet, despite India’s advantageous geographical location, extensive natural and human resources, we rank very poorly in almost all global comparative indices. Is it not prudent to question if the so called Upper Classes, who remained at the helm of affairs in our country for long, have been inadequate and mediocre. Why must India and its vast majority of underprivileged and exploited communities continue to suffer this mediocrity?

  59. I didn’t understand one thing in this, when Mr.XYZ is who is of SC/ST/OBC what they want?

    In every system they are getting reservation. Still if they are complaints about this what we do?

    These don’t value anything because they are getting it at FREE.

    Once look at others castes who are in EWS (economically weak).

    At school ….. you need reservation
    At college …. you need reservation
    At University ….. you need reservation
    At Job …… you need reservation
    Govt benifits … you need reservation
    Transportation … you need reservation
    What else??????

    To be in sense yourself you people have became a community of reserved candidates.

    You are talking about the upper cast domination….NONSENSE….
    upper cast is paying the taxes and with that you are living.

    There is a saying that when you eat excess, it will make you feel uncomfortable and undigested.

    Similarly, when people getting things at FREE, they don’t know the value of it and through it out.

    I have one question for you, let me know why you need reservation, is it for your economic status or for you mind?

    To study it is ok….
    But to pass in a exam????????
    But to get a job??????

  60. The reason for their dropouts is the reservation even the top students struggle to survive in the institutions like IIT . If you have low scores and still get to join those colleges because of reservation then of course you will feel the pressure. So the only choice is remove the reservation at least in the education system

  61. The “nexus” mentioned in the article is not supported by facts. The data presented is for PhD programs in which reservation was started pretty late. Being a PhD graduate myself, I believe if after a Bachelors and a Masters degree, student of any caste is not able to clear the PhD entrance, he/she doesn’t deserve admission. At one point reservation has to stop so that merit can prevail. At the same time, I believe for the Faculty hiring there can be reservations because of the lack of transparency in the process.

  62. Lower castes are never excluded. We had an SC in our friend circle in our coaching institute. I got up rank than him in competitive exams but he was selected and I was not. He took seat in the college in which his father was principal!

    Anyways you will never get the benefit of reservation. Only these few families and their generations will take the benefits. You will only get poor quality services because the candidates who got low rank in competitive exams will give you services instead of the ones who are better at it.

  63. परिवर्तन होगा राहुल …
    बदलाव बहुत ज़ुरूरी है…आप यूँही लिखते रहिये कि ये विचार बहुत दूर तलक असर करेगा…🖤✊

  64. बदलेगा राहुल …
    शिक्षा ही वो धूरी है जहाँ से सब कुछ सम्भव है…
    लिखते रहिये कि इसका असर बहुत दूर तलक होगा…🖤✊

  65. Have you considered that it may not ‘upper caste’ nexus. Maybe it is that these ‘upper caste’ students face such cut throat compitition from a very young age, due to significantly higher cutoffs, that they are used to putting in the extra work and they end up getting selected. Please do not summarily dismiss their efforts and attribute their success to their caste.

  66. didnt expected such a postfrom reputed print media !!
    Just because the post are vacants does it implies that still there is prevaling discrimination ? dont compare just from reputed institutions , compare the whole data . are not SC/ST adequately representing in most places ? ( file an RTI and you will get answer as yes ) still continue reservation , why ? because they are not proffesors in IIT ? WHAT ABOUT THE KIDS OF IAS /IPS OFFICERS , do they still need reservation ?
    did reservation system not benifitted any caste after 70 years ? if they have beniffited how many are now considered forward amongst those benifited ? ( NONE) INstead now the caste like maratha , jatts want to be called as backward ( who are dominating ) just because of the posts like these .. posts like these increases conflicts amongst upper caste and who are enjoying reservation benifits .
    please stop blaming others . its up to you if you want to be represented . even at time of discrimination dr . Ambedkar SIR prevailed and are respected today . no discrimination is done in colleges , it are post like these which create psychology amongst them that they are discriminated !!

  67. Didn’t expected Such post from the print media .. just don’t look at institution of national importance like IIT and AIIMS .. the post their should be filled on Merit .
    Now do Write an article on how many Caste have progressed and been moved out of backwardness ( None?) Is reservation policy not benefited any caste or the caste based benefits be sweet for them they don’t want to move forward. { After all they are been a vote bank }
    Nobody is discriminating in college life , it’s the post like these and reservation policies increasing psychology of feeling discriminated .
    Refer to Maratha in Maharashtra , Jatts etc. They don’t want to be upper caste any more due to reservation . They want themselves to be counted as backward .

  68. Stating only one incident and then extrapolating it to emtire nation!!!
    Just do some research man..
    You can search it on google about maharashtra mbbs neet postgraduation merit list
    And then you yourself can see the difference
    UR have to score >70% for the same seat which reserved cat can get at <35% score
    And I am telling you about postgraduate exam… i.e. all have become already doctors and are not socially or economically backward anymore

  69. Print is a perverted group of bruised mentality venomous maggots….ignore their junk articles

    They are anti-nationals whose agenda is to ignite civil war with their incendiary remarks

    Such filthy maggots belong to paki gutters

  70. 48% dropout are from sc st and obc because they have 50% quota stupid article only discrimination i faced is not getting govt job but getting more marks than sc st every time

  71. Print is a perverted group of bruised mentality venomous maggots….ignore their junk articles

    They are anti-national whose agenda is to ignite civil war with their incendiary remarks

    Such filthy maggots belong to paki gutters

  72. Mister Rahul are you telling that in most all india institutions professors are not being recruited through a proper channal of selection but by means of discretionary power of some alleged nexus and thats how these institutions are holding their top rankings. If any such nexus exist then expose it before the honourable supreme court and do something substantial for others justice instead writing a clewless story in support of a infructuous, paralyzing system you are victim of. You yourself as a droper of iit is the biggest epitom of reservations scheme failure, which is unable to fatch respect in society to the beneficiary

    • EWS criteria when applied to entire India, 70 – 90% fall under that. A cruel joke on poor people of India

  73. Its just that, that they cant sustain, they got the seat not because they deserved but for reservations. But in frontlines they cant fight.

  74. When bull fight it is the grass that get trampled
    Why don’t people have data for economically weaker sections . Is there any one who will think about us or we are born just to become a grass . Just anyone can tell me what is our mistakes. We are poor but in upper cast is this .or taking birth in this country is this

  75. This writer is so lazy that other than IIT gandhinagar he has not given any other anecdotal instance of discrimination, further he has just cited what hrm has said in LS, his biggest contention is reserved category kids are subjected to harrowing experience and thus the dropout, but no where he has mentioned how many or what percentage of students/faculty dropout every year. Even the percentage data mentioned for iit dropouts has more general category kids, so what now. Why has he not mentioned that reserved category candidates are no good to even bear the rigor of courses, exams and like as has been cited by various committees of institutions. These bloody hypocrites are lazy as a bean bag and their biggest problem is they feel entitled without knowing that it is a sin to expect luxury when laziness is your forte. All these people should take a walk of shame along the path lined by big “elephants”. And no one should succumb to their false lamentation, I have a colleague in my office who has threatened me thrice with a false case under SC/ST Act, and my fault was I tried to apprise my superior about his ways at work. Ambedkar did a terrible mistake.

  76. If 48 per cent of students dropping out of the IITs and over 62.6 per cent from IIMs are from the SC, ST and OBC categories then remaining obviously are from general ie. Upper class, 52 per cent from IIT and 48 per cent from IIM. Then how come these are discriminated. We are all seeing everything from the lens we were made to wear. I think we should all discard these lens and thereby identities which blocks our growth. I suggest we should ignore and never mention our castes in any of forms in education. We should discard it. Mind which is blocking us to see everyone is equal. We are indeed equal. But some are saying they were discriminated but some other feel they too. In total we all in their own sense discriminated. But it is time now to should focus on reservation for Economically weaker section instead of cate and religions.

  77. I can understand the scenerio, but important thing is, its not only that the sc st or obc candidate is having an issue of discrimination that’s why they are leaving, some might be . But my friends the thing is also in the way how you have entered through a entrance level exam means a lot, for eg:- if you are getting a seat at a very low rank it means what u might not have studied thoroughly right, the subjects needed and u also know these subjects are the basics for the course which they are persuing, iam a doctor even physics comes in mbbs too and if u have a good knowledge of that u can go through course curriculum very easily. But if you wont, you will struggle really hard and i have seen this, thats why im saying all this, so please dont blame and generalize this topic only on cast discrimination, some where we are also the one who are responsible for our own outcome, every coin has a two sides.

  78. The points highlighted in this article are inundating indeed. But the presence of more number of people from unreserved category can’t be termed as ‘hegemony’. Because most of them have reached their corresponding positions after a lot of perseverance. Those who get jobs/admissions after scoring comparatively low are looked down upon. It is a common idea that the reserved ones haven’t worked equally hard (although they might have). Lower cut-offs and reservation cause discrimination and this discrimination forces them to quit. And due to thier lower frequency in deemed universities, we want reservation for them. It is a kind of vicious cycle.

  79. Do one thing reserve all seats of these people and we will sit home and do nothing , coz you people even after getting so much benefits and quota and till playing the viticm card .if the reservation didn’t do any good to you people for so long then it nvr will , i have seen girl studying with me ,they are like humhari toh seats reserved hai thoda sa parhega and its our and these are the girls who belong to high standard society and enjoying reservation and me till struggling and didn’t get any opportunity and which further heightenen my frustrations towards this reservation ….. I too became mentally unstable when people scoring less then me get selected when i even didn’t get admsn in university with 77% then i too should cry for reservation and play viticm card , reservation is not the solution ok give them free education free stuff and scholarships and all but cracking exams and job should be fair and genuine,,,, for how much long this spoon feeding will take place and till they will cry , this happened that happened this that just stop it now 😭😭😭🥺🥺🙏🙏🙏

  80. What can we for reserved categories if they are not able to sustain in such institutions ? Well, we cannot do anything and the reason is this that , these reserved category students have got used of getting for free and they don’t want to do anything in their life . There are people in my institute too who are from reserved category and they hardly like to study , leaving those 20-25% students. That’s it!!!

    • Even in my locality there are people from unreserved category who only look for setting to take govt job and two of them got in it too..And Mandiro ka aarakshan par kya bolu bina keesi exam k pujari bane baithe h aur EWS ka cut off tou OBC k barabar hee jaa raha h feer unke saath kyun nahi ho raha h discrimination?waise bhi aarakshan isiliye nahi h kee Eklavya kamjor h isiliye h kyunki Dronacharya baithe h system me angutha kaatne k liye jou jaat dekh kar discrimination karte h .aur Kalaram temple 1930 me huya padhna kaise Ambedkar ko Mandir se bahar fekwa diye tumlog aur 1930 me hee Mahad satyagraha huya jab Paani nahi peene diya gaya Taalab se ..tab jaakar 1932 me Poona pact huya Gandhi aur Ambedkar k beech

    • ITS POST LIKE THESE CREATES PSYCOLGY OF BEING DISCRIMINATED .. NO CASTE HAS BENIFITED FROM RESERVATION , THATS WHY THE BACKWARD CASTES ARE INCREASING IN INDIA . INSTEAD THE RESERVATION BENIFITS ARE TAKEN BY UPPER CASTE !! SUCH A REPUTED MEDIA WRITES THESE ARTICLE, SHAME ON YOU .

    • You can’t generalise after observing few students. There are upper caste students as well who don’t do any good, then can I say all of them are same?

    • Sustainability, Goddamn it. The discrimination showed by upper caste people doesn’t make us sustainable. You form groups of caste and doesn’t let lower caste people to talk to you and study with you.

    • Well said… Actually I don’t understand one thing that even after getting in such prestigious institutions on the basis of reserved quota, if they’re not able to continue their studies, it’s their fault.. not the system’s.

    • Yes even very rich SC/ ST used to get scholarship even in 60s…Leave it.but their 50%mark should not be equated to 60 % of others

    • When meritorious SC/ST/OBC candidates became available, then they are mentally tortured and ineligible general candidate s are given backdoor entery to same. I am facing similar situation.

    • I would have been very happy if the gentleman who made such comments backed his observations with reliable data instead of loose brainless comments.he seems to suggest that laziness and indifference is a congenital quality among scs and other marginalized groups.one can only anticipate what kind of caste based monster he will become if he gets an opportunity to harass them.many are the cases where these “scholarly”proffessors ventilate their spleen on marginalized students because they can’t defy the government order.let them stew in their own soup.they should be dusted periodically to wear off the biases.

    • Most of the SC and st students are facing discrimination and restricted opportunities from those so called upper caste people which affects their mental health adversely. Those students are ragged the most in various colleges. Upper caste people unite themselves and try to suppress these low caste people. Only you are speaking about those rich people in these communities which are very less, who won’t study. These UC people always try to keep those comunites below them.

    • Hme hr department me asa hi fill krwaya jata h mere personally experience h hme aarkshan jrur mila h lekin logo ki soch savidhan nhi bdl paya

      • Aap khud discrimination chahte ho…Khud bolte ho aap ki hum SC/ST/OBC hai humko reservation do, aajao general category me most welcome pta chal jayega.
        Abhi free me mil gya hai n isliye value nai hai. Gareeb general category wale se pucho jaake.

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