Kirill Dmitriev, chief executive officer of Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF)| Andrey Rudakov | Bloomberg
Kirill Dmitriev, chief executive officer of Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF)| Andrey Rudakov | Bloomberg
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Moscow/London: A top Russian official said his country could roll out a vaccine against Covid-19 as soon as September, while denying accusations that hackers working for the country’s intelligence agency tried to steal sensitive data from rival researchers in the U.K., U.S. and Canada.

“Russia may be one of the first to produce a vaccine against the backdrop of the billions that are being invested in the U.S. and all the pharma companies working on it,” said Kirill Dmitriev, the chief executive of the government-backed Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF), which is financing one of the the country’s efforts to devise a vaccine. “It’s a little bit of a shocking story.”

President Vladimir Putin has made finding a vaccine a top priority. Russia has recorded more than 750,000 Covid-19 cases, making it the fourth most-affected country in the world. In Russia’s race to be the first to find a vaccine against Covid-19, it’s taking an approach that would be shunned in other countries, claiming it will know in just three months of trials whether its leading candidate works.

If Russia proclaims success in the hunt for a vaccine before other candidates, it could create a world of duelling vaccines and geopolitical battles over who gets supplies.

Dmitriev’s comments came after the U.K., U.S. and Canada said hackers working with the group APT29, part of Russian military intelligence, had used malware to try to seize vaccine research. Dmitriev said Russia had no need to steal information from rival vaccine developers because it had already signed a deal with AstraZeneca Plc to manufacture the University of Oxford’s Covid-19 vaccine at R-Pharm, one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in Russia. He said AstraZeneca is transferring the entire technological process and all ingredients for the full reproduction of the vaccine in Russia.

“Everything that is needed to produce the British vaccine has already been transferred to R-Pharm,” he said. “AstraZeneca has already signed commitments to transfer all production of the British vaccine to R-Pharm.”

AstraZeneca didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment. It isn’t clear whether AstraZeneca would transfer all the technology needed for Russia to produce the vaccine or if the agreement involves the British pharma giant sending the vaccine seed stock to manufacturers needed to begin production.

Some Western experts remain skeptical that Russia has the expertise to produce its own vaccine by September.

“We don’t think that’s realistic,” said Peter Shapiro, a pharmaceutical analyst at the research firm GlobalData, cautioning that Russia, like other countries, could approve the vaccine for political reasons. “The regulatory hurdles in Russia are low.”
Nor is it likely that such a vaccine, if indeed approved in Russia, would find favor in the West, Shaprio said.

“We don’t see a history of innovative vaccines being developed in Russia that win approval” in major markets like the U.S., Japan and Western Europe, he said. “Russia is not a major producer of export quality drugs or biologics.”

Global Battle

The U.S., Western Europe and China have all set up research programs and supply chains for Covid-19 vaccine production. While the negotiations with AstraZeneca offer Russia the chance for doses of the Oxford vaccine if it proves successful, the global battle to secure supplies could leave Russia struggling to access other potentially successful vaccines, increasing pressure to advance its own program.

Dmitriev said he’s so confident in Russia’s leading vaccine candidate that he’s taken it himself and had his whole family vaccinated, including his parents,  who are in their seventies. The vaccine, financed by RDIF and developed by the state-backed Gamaleya Institute in Moscow, has completed a phase 1 trial in 50 people, all of whom are members of the Russian military. The institute hasn’t published results.


Also read: A Cold War has started over coronavirus vaccine with allegations of Russian cyberattacks


The vaccine is one of 26 experimental shots in development in Russia, Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova said on July 15.  Gamaleya’s candidate is a viral vector vaccine based on a human adenovirus — a common cold virus — fused with the spike protein of SARS CoV-2 to stimulate an immune response. It is similar to a vaccine China’s CanSino Biologics intends to move into trials in Canada, one of the countries targeted by Russian hackers. Initial results from CanSino’s trial showed the vaccine had a diminished effect in some people who had a pre-existing immunity to the adenovirus.

Dmitriev said researchers in Russia are testing two different types of adenovirus vectors in order to reduce the chances of pre-existing immunity reducing the vaccine’s effectiveness. That vaccine will start phase 3 trials in thousands of people on Aug. 3 in Russia as well as in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, Dmitriev said. Russia could make 30 million doses domestically in 2020, and 170 million abroad, with five countries expressing interest in producing the vaccine and others willing to produce it, he said.

Besides manufacturing vaccines for AstraZeneca, R-Pharm will make the country’s own vaccine at its production sites in Russia. Alium Pharmaceutical Holding, based in Moscow and owned by billionaire Vladimir Evtushenkov’s Sistema PJFSC, has also agreed to manufacture doses of Russia’s leading vaccine candidate, Dmitriev said.

Unusual Move

Russia’s rapid approach to vaccine development differs from Western Europe and the U.S., where researchers typically run phase 3 trials for months to show safety and effectiveness. In another unusual move, Dmitriev said the vaccine has been given informally to “a significant” number of people. Analysts have questioned Russia’s rushed unorthodox approach.

“The current situation with the vaccine looks like a race and sufficient clinic testing hasn’t been done,” said Sergey Shulyak, chief executive officer at Moscow-based consulting company DSM Group.

Russia, however, does have a track record developing vaccines using adenoviruses. It devised an Ebola vaccine using similar technology which is licensed in Russia for emergency use and which is expected to be deployes soon in the Congo. And Russia has been increasingly active in promoting its vaccine-making expertise in Africa. The Russian government together with United Company RUSAL opened the Russian-Guinean Research Center for Epidemiology and Prevention of Infectious Diseases in 2014 in Guinea.-Bloomberg


Also read: Biden says he’s receiving intel briefs, warns of Russian meddling in 2020 US election


 

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1 COMMENT

  1. Russian Vaccine ready to fight Covid-19.
    According to news reports , The Gamaleya Research Institute of Russia and the Russian Defence Ministry has jointly developed vaccine against Covid-19 , which is being officially registered on 12 August , while mass production has been planned to begin in September , 2020. It has been claimed that all clinical tests on humans have been completed successfully and vaccine found to be safe and effective as well. However , as the process of tests was fast-tracked , some are not prompt to express their enthusiasm while the world looks forward impatiently to the arrival of the vaccine in the market . Going by the facts so far in the story , months of August-September and 12 August represent key milestones. In this context , it may be apt to refer readers to the following two predictive articles of this Vedic astrology writer :-
    ( 1 ). The article – “ Trends of affairs indicated by planetary impacts for India in midway of 2020 published at nirpakhawaaz.com on 17 July 2020 .
    http://www.nirpakhawaaz.com/2020/07/17/trends-of-affairs-indicated-by-planetary-impacts-for-india-in-midway-of-2020/

    ( 2 ). The article – “ Planetary configuration in August-September 2020 suggest something historic , something rare” – published at nirpakhawaaz.com on 20 July 2020.
    http://www.nirpakhawaaz.com/2020/07/20/planetary-configuration-in-august-september-2020-suggest-something-historic-something-rare/
    It can be observed from the aforesaid predictive articles that the period of August-September , particularly the period from 11 August to 10 September , in present year 2020 was indicated to be highly significant against Covid-19. It was also indicated that a firm , credible , positive and affirmative and confidence –inspiring news of arrival of vaccine is likely to come during aforesaid period of time. It may be mentioned that news about near completion of Russian vaccine against Covid-19 were coming near about mid-July 2020 already. Yes , but as far as information of this writer goes , there was no indication of 12 August and September. So , meaningfulness of predictive content appears implied.

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