Teaching jobs are in high demand these days because of good pay, employment stability, and job satisfaction along with other factors. Every year, various government teaching exams such as NET, SET, and TET are held at the national and state levels.
Government teaching jobs require candidates to clear exams like the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) or the state-run Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) while candidates who aspire for lectureships and Assistant Professor positions must pass the National Eligibility Test (NET) or the State Eligibility Test (SET).
Read on to learn more about top Government Teaching Recruitment Exams conducted in India.
Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is conducted by CBSE to determine whether or not a candidate is qualified to teach in central government schools in India. States can administer their own STET (State Teacher Eligibility Test) or recognize CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test).
It is mandatory for candidates to qualify the CTET exam to be a teacher in schools run by the Central Government (NVS, KVS, Central Tibetan Schools, etc.) as well as schools run by the UTs of Dadra, Chandigarh, Daman & Diu, Nagar Haveli, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, and the National Capital Territory of Delhi.
CTET 2021 Exam: Scheduled from 16 December 2021 to 13 January 2022 across the country.
State Level Eligibility Test (SLET) or State Eligibility Test (SET)
All states in India, as well as selected universities, appoint Assistant Professors through the State Level Eligibility Test. The SLET exam is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA) on behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC) to select candidates for lectureship for state universities.
Candidates who pass the test are eligible to apply for the Assistant Professor jobs in the SLET Commission’s member-states. The qualified candidates are granted a pass certificate with an indefinite validity period.
Any Indian national having a Master’s degree with a minimum of 55 per cent marks is eligible to take the SET exam. Whereas, SC/ST candidates must obtain a minimum of 50 per cent marks. Candidates who scored 54.99 per cent in the Master’s degree examination (or 49.99 per cent in the Master’s degree in the case of SC/ST candidates) are not eligible for this test. Candidates preparing for SLET 2021 must keep a check on the official website for any updates.
SLET 2021 registration dates: 11 November – 28 December 2021; SLET 2021 commencement date: 27 February 2022
The UGC NET Exam is conducted to determine the eligibility for the post of Assistant Professor, Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) or both at Indian Universities and Colleges.
The National Eligibility Test is administered by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) on behalf of the University Grants Commission (CBSE NET). The UGC NET 2021 exam was held from 20 November – 5 December 2021 at various centres across the country. The final answer key of the UGC NET 2021 exam is expected to be released soon.
Note: Answer key is expected to be released soon on ugcnet.nta.nic.in
CSIR UGC NET
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, conducts a Single MCQ Examination (Joint CSIR – UGC Test) to award the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) NET. It also appoints Lecturers/Assistant Professors (NET) in Indian Universities and colleges that fulfil the eligibility criteria laid down by UGC.
The CSIR administers the Joint CSIR-UGC NET Test to determine the eligibility of candidates for Junior Research Fellowships (JRF) NET and Lecturerships (NET) in specific subject areas within the Faculty of Science and Technology.
Junior Research Fellowship (NET) granted to qualifying candidates is contingent on their acceptance/placement at a university, national laboratory, or other institution of higher learning and research, as appropriate.
Online registration for CSIR UGC NET 2021: 03 December 2021 to 02 January 2022; Joint CSIR UGC NET 2021 schedule: 29 January, 05 February, and 06 February 2022
TET – Teacher Eligibility Test
TET Entrance Exam is divided into two sections – Exam 1 and Exam 2 and is conducted by both the Central and State governments in India. A candidate must pass the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) conducted by the state to be eligible for being appointed as a teacher in the schools listed in clause (n) of section 2 of the RTE Act.
The National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) has issued new guidelines for those who aspire to work as teachers in public, private, independent, and aided schools. Under paragraph (1) of section 23 of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009, the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) has set the minimum criteria for a person to be eligible for employment as a teacher in classes I to VIII. The test is conducted once a year by state governments and the federal government separately.
TETs are divided into two categories. An applicant has the option of taking one or both of the tests.
- Level 1 Test – This test is for people who want to be primary school teachers (Class I to V).
- Level 2 Test – These tests are for those who want to be secondary school teachers (Class VI to VIII).
KVS Exam- Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan
KVS exam is a national level examination conducted to select candidates for various teaching posts such as TGTs, PGTs, and PRTs. It also recruits for other posts like Vice Principal, Principal, and Librarian. After clearing the exam, the candidates are placed in KVS schools all over the country.
KVS Exam is a central level exam that consists of two stages- a written exam and an interview.
The written exam is conducted offline and has different exam patterns based on the post. Even the eligibility criteria are different for various posts. Thus, the aspirants must make sure that they are eligible for their desired posts before they apply and start preparing for the exam.
STET – State Level Teacher Eligibility Test
The State government administers the STET exam, which is conducted by various state governments to shortlist teachers for schools and colleges run by the state. The goal of the STET exam is to provide essential and mandatory standards for retaining teaching employment in practically all institutions.
According to the NCTE, state governments and union territories are responsible for establishing norms in this regard. State Government’s TET will be utilized at schools owned and managed by the State Government and municipal governments. TET is also held by the state government in assisted colleges. CTET may be considered if a state government decides not to host the State TET. The dates of the STET exam varies for different states.
HTET – Haryana Teaching Entrance Test
HTET is a state-level Teachers Eligibility Test of Haryana organized by the Board of Secondary Education Haryana (BSEH) to shortlist skilled teachers for Private and Government schools of the state.
- Paper-1 exam is held for primary teachers (PRT) for teaching students of Class I to V.
- Paper-2 is conducted for candidates who want to be a teacher of Classes – VI to VIII.
- Paper-3 is conducted for PGT (Post Graduate Teacher) for classes IX-X.
- The exams are conducted in offline mode.
Finally, we can conclude that these teaching examinations play a significant role in the career of those aspiring to be a teacher. As the remuneration paid to teachers by the government is good, there is high competition in the field. Thus, those preparing for government teaching exams must put in a good amount of hard work to realise their dreams.
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