Representational image of Earth | Pixabay
Representational image of Earth | Pixabay
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Planet, named Gliese 486b, has a mass 2.8 times that of Earth

For the first time, scientists have discovered a rocky Earth-like exoplanet with a partially preserved atmosphere — giving researchers a chance to glimpse into an atmosphere of a planet outside our solar system.

While a wide variety of exoplanets, made of rock, ice and gas have been discovered in the last couple of decades, studying the atmosphere of rocky planets is extremely difficult with currently available instruments. For that reason, atmospheric models for rocky planets remain untested.

Researchers have now discovered a hot super-Earth in orbit around a nearby red dwarf star Gliese 486 — only 26 light years away from the Sun. 

The planet, named Gliese 486b, has a mass 2.8 times that of the Earth, and is only 30 per cent bigger. It orbits its host star on a circular path every 1.5 days — at a distance of 2.5 million km.

In spite of being so near to its star, the planet has probably conserved part of its original atmosphere, thus becoming a good candidate to observe in more detail with the next generation of space and ground telescopes.

Gliese 486b takes the same length of time to spin on its axis as to orbit its host star, so that it always has the same side facing the star.

Although Gliese 486 is much fainter and cooler than the Sun, the radiation is so intense that the surface of the planet heats up to at least some 430 degrees Celisus. Because of this, the surface of Gliese 486b is probably more like the surface of Venus than that of the Earth — with a hot dry landscape and burning rivers of lava. 

However, unlike Venus, Gliese 486b may have a thin atmosphere.


Also read: Space dust in Chicxulub crater confirms that asteroid killed off dinosaurs


Organic matter discovered on an asteroid for the first time 

Researchers have for the first time found water and organic matter on the surface of an asteroid sample returned from the inner solar system. This marks the first time that organic materials — which could have provided chemical precursors for the origin of life on Earth — have been found on an asteroid.

During the Japanese space agency JAXA’s first Hayabusa mission in 2010, a single grain of sample was returned to Earth from asteroid Itokawa. 

The sample shows that water and organic matter that originate from the asteroid itself have evolved chemically through time.

The research team suggests that Itokawa has been constantly evolving over billions of years by incorporating water and organic materials from foreign extra-terrestrial material, just like the Earth. 

In the past, the asteroid would have gone through extreme heating, dehydration and shattering. However, despite this, the asteroid came back together from the shattered fragments and rehydrated itself with water that was delivered via dust or carbon-rich meteorites.

The single grain from the asteroid, nicknamed ‘Amazon’, has preserved both unheated and processed organic matter within ten microns of distance.

The organic matter that has been heated indicates that the asteroid had been heated to over 600 degrees Celsius in the past. The presence of unheated organic matter very close to it, means that primitive organics arrived on the surface of Itokawa after the asteroid had cooled down.

Mystery inner layer found in Earth’s core

Scientists have revealed that Earth has an extra layer — an innermost inner core. Traditionally, we’ve been taught the Earth has four main layers — the crust, the mantle, the outer core and the inner core. 

But this week, researchers from The Australian National University said that while this new layer is difficult to observe, its distinct properties may point to an unknown, dramatic event in the Earth’s history. 

The team found evidence that may indicate a change in the structure of iron, which suggests two separate cooling events in Earth’s history.  

Investigating the structure of the inner core can help us understand more about the Earth’s history and evolution.  

The idea that this innermost inner layer exists was proposed a couple of decades ago, but the data has been very unclear until now. 


Also read: Earth’s magnetic field broke down 42,000 years ago, triggering extinctions & climate crisis


New species of millipedes discovered

A team of scientists at Virginia Tech have discovered a new species of millipedes called Nannaria hokie.

Usually when a new species is discovered, we think of scientists trudging through deep caves, uncharted rainforests or hidden oasis in the desert.

But what is interesting about the discovery of Nannaria hokie was that it was discovered right in the campus of Virginia Tech in the US. 

Nannaria hokie is about 2 cm long. It is a dark reddish millipede with yellow-white highlights. They have twisted claws on their feet before their reproductive organs.

Millipedes have existed far longer than humans have and represent some of the first land animals discovered by scientists in fossil records. They are crucial to forest ecosystems as they break down decaying plant matter into smaller material, so that bacteria and other smaller organisms can continue to recycle the material into the soil and make its nutrients available for future generations of life.

‘Little Foot’ fossil reveals new insights into human evolution

A priceless fossil made headlines this week after scientists in the UK revealed that it had been transported across South Africa and briefly brought to a UK research centre in complete secrecy two years ago.

This was done so that an advanced X-ray study could be carried out on the 3.67 million year-old skull of Little Foot — an individual of an ancient human ancestor. 

Scientists were able to see some microscopic details in the ancient remains that could help unravel key clues to the origins of modern humans.

The scanning focused upon the upper part of Little Foot’s braincase, as well as her lower jaw. The researchers gained insight not only into the biology of Little Foot’s species but also into the hardships that this individual, an adult female, encountered during her life.

The researchers spotted defects in the tooth enamel indicative of two childhood bouts of physiological stress such as disease or malnutrition. The individual got the nickname ‘Little Foot’ because of the small foot bones that were among the first elements of the skeleton to be found. 


Also read: 1,000 yrs for a trip around Sun — scientists map orbit of most distant object in solar system


 

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28 COMMENTS

  1. Think about it!
    It all started from the atom!
    The nucleus is made up of protons and neutrons with elec6trons circling around creating energy(magnetic energy).
    Energy creates life!
    Energy controls life!
    Energy creates the atmosphere which supports life!
    Energy(gravity…magnetic energy)
    is what keeps you on the ground!
    Energy affects your length of time in life!
    Different planets have different atmospheres created by different energies creating different lengths of time in life!
    Leaving the possibilities of longer life span!
    It’s all knowledge,
    nothing is impossible with knowledge!
    Ben.sotechnical

  2. Why such poor quality clickbait. Its like your investors are desperate for a return and you want to show great CTRs . This is painful from print

  3. Fucking clickbait.

    30% larger than Earth is fine but that’s where the comparisons end.

    Once again, another article written by an author who doesn’t know what “Earth-like” means.

    This planet is Earth-like in the same way that a Twinkie is wedding cake-like.

    • What’s worse than reporters saying a planet is Earth like when it isn’t, is the vast number of ignorant reporters who talk about other solar systems. There is only one solar system, and that is our system around our star that is named Sol. Any other planetary system should either be called a star system or use the name of the star, such as the Proxima Centauri system.

  4. Furtherest we have travelled via spacecraft in outer space is approx less than a light day Approx 14 billion milies away with Voyer 1 that was sent in 1977 and in 43 years it has done only 1 light day. How can we do 26 Light Years. 26 light years

  5. This is purely another plan to spent billions of dollors. Leave the universe , spent half the amount to take care of the poor people around this PLANET. Poverty, hunger , social security, education etc etc.
    Let us make this place better first .
    The world is materialistic not practical . No one is bothered about a fellow mammal.
    All in papers and speeches ….Shame on us

    • You are right. In fact while we are at it how about we stop exploring and advancing all together. As nothing good has ever come from mankind working together to take on a big goal like exploring our solar system
      Also let’s just stop all funding to science in general. As nothing useful has ever come from these things.
      Oh wait. Never mind thats just dumb ass.

  6. That planet is really useful because for the first time Humans can study atmosphere of a planet outside our solar system

  7. Rod you are an idiot, read the detail properly. It doesn’t state 2.5 times bigger, it says it is a third bigger. Nupty

  8. Why fuss over what they are learning if they like making up stuff as day dreamers do go have fun making things from nothing it’s a great exercise for the human mind to expand beyond real and what could be real we are only a small fraction of evulotion when they find truth behind there guesses great job don’t pretend you knew it was real because it will be different some how and unexplainable were only human mistakes are our nature

  9. What nonsense, the planet is over 2 and a half times the size of Earth which means it is nothing like this planet. These idiots have no clue of what constitutes Earthlike and the very notion that this planet is of any interest is ridiculous in the extreme.

  10. If they can keep fossils a secret, then what they cannot do. They must be secrets about the universe that people are hiding. This is unfair. The world is selfish.

Comments are closed.