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Dalit Veda Vyasa was India’s first nation builder. He was the child of an inter-caste union

In ‘Makers of Modern Dalit History’, Sudarshan Ramabadran and Guru Prakash Paswan write Veda Vyasa’s achievements show how Dalit communities have helped Hinduism revolutionise and reform.

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A revolutionary reformer, a path-breaking poet, a writer par excellence, a brilliant editor, an inspirational sage who institutionalized teaching with passion and an institution unto himself, Veda Vyasa is one of the central names in Indian spiritual tradition. He can be referred to as ‘the first nation builder’ for his creation of the teertha-yatra pilgrimages, for ‘chitta-shuddhi’ (cleansing of the mind), that prepared the ground for national unity and as someone who changed the face of a nation that is known for its spiritual philosophies and practices even in contemporary times.

Veda Vyasa’s extraordinary achievements are evidence that those who came from the Dalit and lower-caste communities have helped Hinduism revolutionize, reorganize and reform. Krishna Dvaipayana Veda Vyasa was a product of one of ancient India’s first inter-caste unions, born to a sage, Maharishi Parashara, and a fisherwoman, Satyavati. No one would have thought that this son of unequal parents would go on to represent Hinduism and its tenets. Every year, Vyasa’s birth anniversary is observed as Vyasa Purnima (full-moon day), also known as Guru Purnima in the month of Ashada (July–August) of the Hindu calendar. The day is dedicated to gurus or teachers. 

The apple does not fall far from the tree, and Veda Vyasa’s father, too, was a sage recognized for his immense knowledge and self-realisation. He worked tirelessly to bring order and cooperation between the different sections of society by travelling extensively and setting up ashrams to impart positive values at a time when there was a lot of discord in society and little respect between communities and castes. 

Right from the time he was a child, Vyasa had a strong urge to transcend the limited and the meaningless, and venture into the unknown realms of infinitude armed with a universal outlook. He set out to present the ancient wisdom of the past in a way that it could be appreciated and absorbed by all. During his young years, there was no one equal to Vyasa. He was intelligent, with a high grasping power, learning and absorbing what his father, his guru, taught him.


Also Read: Yogi says Hanuman is Dalit, but will Hindu temples now stop being Brahmin monopoly?


Vyasa was deeply committed to the service of mankind and wanted to disseminate knowledge among people. Due to his relentless contribution to Hinduism in which he outlined that knowledge was vital for self unfoldment, the positive impact of which is felt even today, Vyasa can be considered one of the most daring religious revolutionaries to have appeared in Hindu cultural history. His work has had a tremendous impact on scholars, thinkers and seekers from across the globe. In the words of German Indologist Paul Deussen: 

‘Love your neighbour like you love yourself’: Why should I do that? The answer is not found in the Bible, but in the Vedas, namely in the great formula ‘Tat Twam Asi’, which in three words, communicates the underlying metaphysics: You should love your neighbour like yourself, because you yourself are your neighbour, whereas to see him as different is mere illusion. 

It was Vyasa, equipped with an incomparably astute intellect, who decided to give humanity the categorized and documented version of the Vedas, India’s immense book of knowledge that had, until then, had only been shared orally. To compile and document that was an onerous task. His mission was not an ordinary one. He had perhaps realized that there was a definite need to pen down the treatise amid forgotten traditions and calamities, such as famines, as it would prove beneficial for the generations to come. The visionary sage not only compiled the Vedas but segregated it into the four parts that it is known to have today, namely the Rig Veda, the Yajur Veda, the Sama Veda and the Atharva Veda. 

However, the systematic thinker in Vyasa was apparently not satisfied with merely classifying the entire wealth of Vedic knowledge into four volumes; in each volume he also brought about a harmonious rhythm, both in the arrangement and the classification of the contents. He divided each of the four volumes roughly into four sections: Mantras (chants or hymns), Brahmanas (rituals and rules of conduct), Aranyakas (methods of subjective worship) and Upanishads (philosophical revelations). 

Arthur Schopenhauer, a German scholar who was widely read before the Second World War and discussed in public newspapers and magazines, saw in the Upanishads the ‘fruit of the highest human knowledge and wisdom’ and in their introduction into the Western world ‘the greatest gift of the century’. In his writings, Schopenhauer confessed that reading the Upanishads had been the joy of his life and later the consolation at the hour of his death. According to him, this was such a great legacy to mankind because its study purified the mind like nothing else could.


Also Read: Dalits have a special place in the new Hindutva matrix. Ram Mandir is proof of that


Vyasa was an original thinker with astounding faculties of insight and foresight. In the words of Swami Chinmayananda, one of the first spiritual teachers to expound the knowledge of the Upanishads in English, ‘Vyasa was one of the sages who had a vast vision of the past and the great imagination to see the future, both of which he brought forth in order to tackle the problems of decadence in his immediate present.’

Was Vyasa reaching out to the people in a way they could understand? To explain how the subject should be understood, he brought to the fore the Brahmasutras, an analysis based on the essential thoughts contained in the Upanishads. While the Upanishads tell us who we are, the Brahmasutras analyse and clarify, shining a light on this most vital knowledge. The Brahmasutras are the substratum for the ancient Indian philosophy; Advaita Vedanta, which states that the divinity in one is the divinity in all. To Vyasa’s credit, the Brahmasutras form the umbrella of Vedantic knowledge and studies. 

Vyasa’s quest to present knowledge in simplified and easily comprehensible forms was both refreshing and relentless. He seemed to be of the belief that there could always be more creative ways to reach out to people. And to accomplish that, he perhaps decided to travel extensively, engage with and speak to various sages, cutting across the length and breadth of the nation, to write the Puranas (mystic stories based on ancient India). Vyasa compiled and wrote all of the eighteen puranas. In Vyasa’s work, one can find a unique harmony of technique, plot development, character portrayal, description of nature and cultural connections. In other words, he was the greatest producer of potboilers of the time! 

David Frawley, author, teacher and founder of the American Institute of Vedic Studies, has said, ‘As such, Veda Vyasa developed the foundation for Hindu dharma as it endures to the present day, with its main deity forms, philosophies and yogic paths. Yet Veda Vyasa stayed in the background and never made himself into an object of worship.’ 

One of Vyasa’s most applauded works is the Mahabharata. Along with the Ramayana, this epic poem is one of Hinduism’s most eminent works. The duo lies at the core of Indian national identity and culture, spanning millennia. 

Set against the backdrop of the Mahabharata, Vyasa also produced one of India’s ‘FAQ’ handbooks—the Bhagavad Gita—which teaches human beings how to practically live the subtle philosophies of everyday life. The Bhagavad Gita occurs in the Bhishma Parva of the Mahabharata, comprising eighteen chapters. It is Veda Vyasa’s sheer brilliance that he translated subtle Vedic maxims in his unique way, against the intricacies of politics and the edginess of a family feud. 

Vyasa’s accomplishments show that birth and background do not dictate a person’s accomplishments. 

This excerpt from ‘Makers of Modern Dalit History’ by Sudarshan Ramabadran and Guru Prakash Paswan has been published with permission from Penguin Random House India.

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64 COMMENTS

  1. Biased journalism. Instead of discussing Vedavyasa caste, you should have thrown more light on his works. While you appreciate his contribution whether you or The Print team is dare enough to come out and say it should be part of our education system … These are all choosy to destroy our society further….. Let us all fight for caste and religion columns shall be removed from all forms….

  2. The authors are ill-informed. Vyas is not a dalit. The word dalit refers to a person who is fallen down spiritually, not from a caste point of view. These so called experts sit in judgement without any idea of our scriptures or what they intend to teach us. Why waste time and misdirect people.

    • Sir, you rightly said that Vyasa can not be a Dalit , as the meaning is right in your view. These so called intellectuals cherish by condemning the spiritual belief of a community as has been a fashion. We should condemn it strongly. Thanks for your emotional spitting.

  3. Why do you call Vedavyas a Dalit, why not a Brahmin? Veda Vyas was a Brahman by his works and deeds. Author of this article has not understood the Varna system and is trying to make false illusions.

  4. We just can not say that no caste system in india it is completely based on caste system only otherwise why almost more than 50% of higher posted are acquired by so called upper castes and why only bramins know the sanskrit ofcourse it is a dead language now like there are so many issues are there we should have an healthy debate and can be decided something .

  5. All these interpretation of ancient scripture s calling Vedvyasa was a Dalit is of no relavence today.It is like beating a dead horse and we Dalit shoud not. be
    forget the path shown by Dr Baba shahaib .It is conspiracy hatched by RSS and BJP and Hindu R/W organizations

  6. Why Vyasar is being referred as Dalit not a brahmin? Who defined Fisher men as lower caste? And why the hell are they lower caste?

  7. For how long will the so called Dalits keep calling themselves as oppressed. The communities who prove themselves rule the world. Who stops dalits from being intellectual, brave, skillful and show their mettle today. They can rise and show it to others that they are superior to them. Govt is already providing lot of facilities at the cost of others. Stop cribbing and start rising.

  8. Your article is misguided, there is and never was a caste system.. It is inter-occupation just like a doctor, engineer, soldier, software professional, journalism etc.

  9. Your article is flawed, there is and never was a caste system.. It is inter-occupation just like a doctor, engineer, soldier, software professional, journalism etc.

  10. Nonsense. Ask the writer to read mahabharata first and not to venture to write on vedavyass. These people are just nuisance to the society.

  11. Sri veda vyas muni is Bhagavan himself. Its is mentioned in Sri vishnu sahasra namam. Vyasaya vishnu Roopaya vyasa Roopaya vishnave.
    He is an embodiment of maha vishnu and the divine has to caste and creed. Period. And ppl calling him dalit is atrocious. This author can look forward for a law suite for mis information. Very very soon.
    The author is not eligible to comment on maha purush.

  12. Only one thing is true in this article that Ved Vyasaji was nation builder. Otherwise This article is completely misleading. Authors either didn’t do proper research or intentionally choose to mislead the general public to build their narrative ( with vested interest). Why are you appropriating Ved Vyasaji.
    1)Ved Vyasaji was Brahmin by birth as well as by Karma.
    2)At that time, there was Varna system not present day caste system.
    3) What is the hesitation of acknowledging the contribution of Brahmins in nation building? They were and will always be part of indic civilization
    4) We are living in different time. We have come so far. We have to learn from our past and should accept it as it is. No appropriation is needed.
    5) What is the necessity to see everything with the lens of castes?
    We expect truth from Journalism, not misinterpretation of our ancient scripture. We understand it is difficult for you but we trust you can do

  13. Disgusting..Shame on these writers….How come he be Dalit?. He was a son of MehRishi who was Brahmin, of course the mother was tribal.
    But, the present day plight of Dalits is stemming from the ills narrated in all these Religious books.
    Had he been Dalit, he would have written Books in such a way that Dalit would have been the epic Heroes of these stories and writings.
    At least, that would have made the history different and present pleasant for Dalits.

  14. Yes. Vedavyas was born to brahmin and a fisherwoman. He fathered dhritarashtra and pandu through wives of his dead step brothers. He also fathered Vidor through a royal maid. Such an obnoxious person in modern world. Who brought this story – generations of brahmins – could they have not conveniently modified to say he was a pure brahmin and his children were born to pure brahmin women.
    Stop blaming brahmins for everything.
    Brahmins brought our epics to us with least corruption. Even valmiki story is no different.
    Fo brahmins own anything – rajas were kshatriya, buisiness and money with visyas, land and technology with shudras. Brahmins are less than 5% and rest only contributed for survival of our sanatsna dharma. Our culture survived because brahmins transmitted from generation to generation. Otherwise india would have been like Iraq, Iran, Egypt- 100% muslim and jihadi.

  15. Retard. Rishi Ved Vyasa was not a dalit.

    I challenge you on a debate on the origins of Rishi Vyasa. You up for it , Mallecha ?

  16. That time no caste system.
    Still we haven’t learned lessons from the past.
    Shun caste names and remove the word like Dalits/SC /ST etc henceforth.

  17. Writing this for some people who say that these ancient scriptures were relevant for the ancient times…

    Rejecting ‘these’ ancient scriptures without reading them is a sign of ignorance.

    The fact is, that the Vedas are not religion but Dharma. It talks about life, code of conduct, philosophy, spirituality etc. The fact is that it is still as relevant as it was in those times, because even though the world has progressed, human brains and human emotions are still the same.
    Also, Vedas don’t really talk about God as a different entity. It talks about Aham Brahmasmi. The fact that everything/everyone whether it’s air animal insect human anything, God is in that. I am God. It’s a question one asks when they are on a spiritual journey.
    These Vedas say, every man can attain nirvana and can chose many paths for the same.
    Anyway, these are texts, they’re not a book of the lord. You’re free to argue, take what you like, leave what you don’t. No one asks one to blindly follow them and that’s the beauty of it.

    Technically it’s not a religion, but since you gotta call it something you call it one. It’s just Dharma. Simple as that.

    I also understand what you are saying because until 10 yrs back, I was of the same opinion. An Athiest I was. It’s only after I read the Gita(interpretation) and some of these scriptures that I had a tectonic shift of a mindset.
    I still not ritualistic, but I do believe that those who wrote/compiled these scriptures were absolutely brilliant geniuses and I’m proud that we have this vast knowledge all around us that the western world cannot even fathom of having.

    My little piece of advise, please go and read one thing. Perhaps if not me, then this will change your mind.

    • The pursuit of enlightenment does not guarantee better quality of life.

      The pursuit of logic, self-expression and rational thinking due to Renaissance and the development of Science, the Industrial Revolution etc has done much more good for quality of human life in the last few centuries.

    • God as our ancients termed it may be nothing more than a state of the brain. Neuroscientists have examined brain function during meditation and have noticed some brain circuits and networks to be highly activated. The result is a state of high attention and awareness along with tremendous relaxation.

      Achieving this brain state takes years of brain training via some techniques like meditation. But one scientist was able to trigger those very same brain circuits via external electrical stimulation of the brain. Perhaps someday when science has a better understanding of how to effectively stimulate complex brain circuits, mental issues like fear, anxiety, jealousy, anger etc could be solved without having to go through years of meditation or prayer training.

      • Excellent analysis by Thirumurugan and Sudarshan. Unfortunately ignorant FOOLS like ‘SDB’ (or whatever his stuppid name is) cannot understand science nor technology. ‘Religion’ is an English word, while ‘Dharma’ is not. These FOOLS claim that Dharma is not Religion. They think that religious scriptures have a cure for everything and yet they cannot cure a simple headache. These FOOLS have a preconceived notion of everything and would readily argue but won’t try to see the other ones point of view. These religious scriptures gave rise to numerous religious crooks who are operating today in the name of GOD. They specialise in swindling money from gullible people. Obviously ‘SDB’ has been brainwashed and has finally become a ‘victim’ of Dharma, readily agreeing to whatever hocus-pocus his religious teachers spout out. These crooks have made the world believe that Dharma is essential for survival.

  18. Ved vyasa’s mother Satyavati is being claimed by the author of being a dalit. It is to be noted that Satyavati father dashraj(fisherman) was only her aadopted fathet. Her biological father is the cheddi king uparichara vasu and mother was a celestial nymph. Ved Vyasa was born with the blessings of parashara maharishi.. Lets take out the blessings part and claim that parashara was his father. Now where is the dalit part? So does the author now accept that the Brahmin Ved vyasa was the nation builder… See keep caste and divisiveness aside from your articles. And please go through the myths well before posting articles

  19. The mahavakya Tat Tvam Asi, means ” you are that” . That means, you are the God himself. You are not different from God. Therefore, don’t give wrong interpretations to mahavakyas

  20. It’s useless to discuss the root of Hrishi and source of river one never find anywhere. They’re beyond castism. Dalit know very well that who is there true liberator dalit should not be live in lie in this false propaganda of one so called sanatan dharma. We should walk on the path of our great leader Ambedkar ji.

  21. One question is The Print became RW Propagandist ?
    Vyasa’s mother was Satyavati her biological father was Kshatriya Upachari Vasu and his father was Brahmin, So his a Brahmin by his Father Caste, so how he became Dalit ?

    just because raised by Atishudra it doesn’t mean that otherwise by that logic Karana is also Shudra, but his was Kshatriya by birth

    • If cast decided the quality of once achievement the upbringing ina Particular back ground is in cosequencial?

  22. BHAGWADGITA KE ANUSAR DEV PUJA AUR VED SHASHTRA DHARM NAHIN HAI.AUR BHAGWADGITA KE ANUSAR ISHWAR NIRAKAR HAI.ADHYAY 2.SHLOK.42,43,44,45.ADHYAY 7.SHLOK. 20,21,22,24,25.ADHYAY 9.SHLOK.11,12,20,21,22.

  23. Vyas was not dalit 😂😂😂😂 the author has negative IQ vyas is mentioned as Brahmana and his mother was daughter of a king raised by a fisherman

  24. Ancient scriptures were suitable for ancient times, since the world our ancestors lived in, had different factors governing them. But still, there are those who think that these ‘ancient’ scriptures are still relevant in the 21st Century or at least force the people to believe so. Mankind was once an atheist, until someone invented ‘God’. A few centuries later, someone else invented ‘Religion’. All these factors have become a great recipe for ‘Politics’ now. Those who are wise will not allow themselves to be impacted by mundane ideologies.

    • Rejecting ‘these’ ancient scriptures without reading them is a sign of your ignorance.
      The fact is, that the Vedas are not religion but Dharma. It talks about life, code of conduct, philosophy, spirituality. The fact is that it is still as relevant as it was in those times, because even though the world has progressed, human brains and human emotions are still the same.
      Also, Vedas don’t really talk about God as a different entity. It talks about Aham Brahmasmi. The fact that everything/everyone whether it’s air animal insect human anything, God is in that. I am God. It’s a question one asks when they are on a spiritual journey. Clearly you are not that evolved yet to seek such answers. Living the rut, without see. These Vedas say, every man can attain nirvana and can chose many paths for the same.
      Technically it’s not a religion, but since you gotta call it something you call it one. It’s just Dharma. Simple as that.
      I don’t expect you to understand what I’m saying because most ppl on Digital media come with a preconceived notion and would argue but won’t try to see the other ones point of view.

      I also understand what you are saying because until 10 yrs back, I was of the same opinion. An Athiest I was. It’s only after I read the Gita(interpretation) and some of these scriptures that I had a tectonic shift of a mindset.
      I still not ritualistic, but I do believe that those who wrote/compiled these scriptures were absolutely brilliant geniuses and I’m proud that we have this vast knowledge all around us that the western world cannot even fathom of having.

      My little piece of advise, please go and read one thing. Perhaps if not me, then this will change your mind.

  25. Parashara( a Brahmin) a maharishi & Grandson of Vashistha married the daughter of Chedi king Uparichara Vasu (a Kshatriya)
    ( she was adopted by a fisherman) ,their son is Ved Vyasa

    So calling him a Dalit is absurd, what pleasure do these people derive in twisting history ?

  26. Vyasa also like Ravana was born to a Maharishi and thus was a Brahmin by birth. If you believe in varna by karm then also you would find Vyasa to be a Brahmin. Exceptional examples of Brahmins who were not born into brahmin lineage include Rishis like Vishwamitra who attained the Brahmin title by penance. Using modern segregating terms like Dalit(someone who has been oppressed) is a grave insult to Maharishi Vyasa’s legacy who was the father of Vedic written literature. Before writing articles on Vyasa refer to the Vedic texts compiled by him atleast to understand Varna Vyavastha.

  27. No. Ved vyas was Vashisht Brahmin. He was not Dalits.
    Valmiki was brahmin he was born as Agni Sharma into brahmin family (practesa). But bhangi Community started using his surname after 1900s after influence of Arya samaj those want to stop Conversion of Dalits. Wake up Dalits.
    Ved vyas, Valimki, Hanuman no one was Dalit. Stop fake news

  28. If the Mahabharata is a true historical event then why is it not included in school history text books?

  29. Did “Hinduism” and “caste system by birth” exist at time of Vedavyasa ? 🙂..

    After acheiveing knowledge vedvyasa was brahman …
    His mother Satyavati was a kshtriya as she married to Shantanu , the king …
    Please donot see ancient times with the tainted lens of present times …

  30. There was no caste system in puranic.
    Caste system was created by
    Brahmins Aryans.

    All these caste propaganda should be banned

  31. Which Dharmacharya said Veda Vyasa was Dalit? Where it is written he was a Dalit? First these scams tried to appropriate Valmiki and now Veda Vyaas. Nonsense Bullshit.

  32. Veda Vyas is Shaakshaath Narayana Himself. His birth did not happen the normal way. He manifested Himself and took leave of His so-called ‘parents’ immediately after birth for penance.Is it possible for a normal child to do so? He did not go schooling to learn any of His bountiful works for the humankind, that the author credits Him with..Is it possible for a normal child? To confine Him in any’caste’ boundary, forgetting the circumstances of His manifestation and His supernatural presence through the Yuga’s, is a disservice to Him.He is the lord supreme

  33. Ved Vyasa is an honorific. There were 27 Ved Vyasas before Krishna Dvaipayan. While the last Ved Vyasa did put the Mahabharata into written words, I would presume that the other prior Ved Vyasas also had a hand in putting down the vast Vedic corpus into a written form.

  34. Hinduism and Bramanism are the culprits in supressing SC/ST s.They have to pay the price and get punished for the atrocities and the offences commited by them for thousands of years.
    Even today the offences like rape,killing untouchablity are going on in full swing.

  35. Hey, you do realise that the word “Dalit” didn’t even exist yet? It was a word created in the 18th century by most likely the Maratha/modern day UP region upper class. Thing is that back then, Shudras were just seen as feudal peasants while Kshatriyas as feudal lords and Brahmins as feudal priests. Social mobility, however, existed and caste eas just a feudal concept, like the entire world did. Even the Kauravas and Panfavas were half shudra, because of their grandmother Satyavati. It was the then the British who institutionised the idea and ruined our Dharma, instead of modernising it. After that we just kept holding on to the stupid idea of it. Atleast as a Bengali I am proud that here no one cares of caste and a Shudra is treated as equally as a Brahmin.

  36. Considering the time spans involved, the same person could not have written the Mahabharata and the Vedas. Even within the Vedas, there is enough evidence suggesting that the Rig Veda is older than the Atharva Veda by a 1000 years or so.

  37. Bible, being recent has been edited countless times.. Let alone Vedas that were more ancient.

    And just like those scholars in Christianity couldn’t Understand the real meaning behind Jesus’s words of loving your neighbour, similarly, the meaning u specified in this article of why love your neighbour as per Vedas is equally a joke.
    If u want to write spiritual articles, go indepth into those religions, or create a spiritual base for yourself first, before writing articles just for the sake of standing out. This article is nowhere close to even the understanding of spirituality inclined people towards Jesus or Buddha., or any Vedas. If those Vedas were helpful, India wouldn’t have been so backward today…mainly due to casteism. Ambedkar wanted to breakaway from them, and that was his first step to get rid of caste culture. Those Vedas hasn’t helped humankind in any way, which is proved now in our caste based country.

  38. No hindu has ever looked upto Veda Vyasa as a dalit. He was revered at par with Lord Krishna. But such is the mind of people today they look at everything through caste prism. They want to even divide our Lords our Sages and saints on caste basis.

  39. Ved vyas was not dalit…because in Hindu community a person is know by his father, not mother
    He was a brahman son

  40. How conveniently the concept of Varna ( based on gunas and not based on birth) has been side stepped while creating a false narrative the “lower caste” rising up.

    “Vyasa’s accomplishments show that birth and background do not dictate a person’s accomplishments.”

    The conclusionshould have been …
    The ancient Dharmic society did not constrain a person based on his birth but allowed him to flourish according to his capabilities.

  41. If you think of it, all of the important works when it come to India as a nation were written by non-brahmins such as Ramayana by Valmiki(a Aadivasi), Mahabharata by Vyasa and Constitution by Dr. Ambedkar.

  42. This is a clever but false narrative of “progressive” vedic society.Had the father of vyasa been from a lower community,the entire story would have been different.For a proper interpretation of vedic/puranic society of india in the first millenium BC,one has to look at the story of Satyakama Jabali,Karna or Ekalavya.
    The much later Manusmriti and Ramayana period, when cast hierarchies froze and consolidated show the real tragedy of Indian society under Varna and cast regimen.

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