Indus Valley Civilisation | Commons
Aerial view of a site of the Indus Valley Civilisation | Commons
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It is tragic that history books say that the Aryans invaded India and destroyed the Indus Valley Civilization. They were not kings or military commanders. They had neither an army nor weapons. They were priests, traders and people engaged in other urban occupations in Iran, fleeing in the face of religious persecution. They travelled in Indian trade ships and were brought to Indian cities by Indian traders and sailors. Not only was their coming not an invasion, even the migration was not without the consent of the people of the Sapt Sindhu. The towns and cities of Sapt Sindhu were very well-administered. This is evident from how they were maintained for such a long time. It would not have been possible for anyone to come and settle down without the consent of the government in such well-administered units and there is evidence to show that the Indo-Aryans, on arrival in India, settled down in the cities only.

The circumstances in which these Aryans came to India show that they were aware that they would be welcome. For them, fleeing from Iran was a compulsion, but coming to India was a choice, as they had several options before them. They could have gone to Turan, where Ajashrava was the king and patron of people of their religion. He continued to rule for several decades after the war with Vistasp as he is reported to have killed Zoroaster when the latter was seventy-seven years old. They could have gone to Egypt, which was a flourishing civilization and was closer. They could have gone to Greece, where some of them had gone. Amongst these options, which were easier, they chose Sapt Sindhu, a choice that reveals that they felt that it was the best for them. Evidently, they were in contact with a few prominent traders from India who welcomed their coming and offered assistance. It is only in this scenario that they could have settled down in the towns and cities of the Sapt Sindhu.


Also read: 2500 BC Rakhigarhi skeletons have no traces of ‘Aryan gene’, finds DNA study


This peaceful arrival in India of a highly accomplished group of people has been portrayed in history as an invasion by hordes of semi-literate, bloodthirsty tribes on horseback with iron weapons, who considered cities to be the creation of demons and so destroyed them, while the civilized people of the Sapt Sindhu were too perplexed at the very sight of such uncivilized behaviour that they not only got beaten but left the place and moved away.

There is evidence in the Veds, as well as that external to them to establish that the Indo-Aryans did not invade India, but came with the consent of the Harappan people. First, the evidence from the Veds, which have these Richas composed shortly after their arrival in the Sapt Sindhu.

  1. Who, Agni, among your (followers) are the imprisoners of foes who among them are the protectors (of men) the splendid distributors of gifts. Who among them defend the assertion of untruth? Who are the encouragers of evil deeds?
  2. These your friend, Agni, everywhere dispersed, were formerly unhappy, but are again fortunate. May they who, with (censorious) words, impute fraudulent (practices) to me, who pursues a straight path, bring evil upon themselves.

(Rig Ved. M-5, S-12, R-4 and 5)

These Richas are ascribed to Rishi Sutambhar Aitarey. Evidently, he is a first-generation migrant. He has seen Iran and has gone through the turbulent times. In the first Richa he is speaking of the two sides. On one side are those who imprison their foes and protect fellow beings and on the other are those who defend the assertion of untruth and encourage evil deeds. The Rishi is remembering the bad days that are over. The second is significant. It shows that the Indo-Aryans on arrival were dispersed. This indicates that the settlement of the arriving population had been managed by the administrative machinery of the towns and cities of Sapt Sindhu. The entire population concentrating in one place would have made the municipal services collapse and cause difficulties. They spread the people over the place to ensure that no single town or city gets over burdened with the additional population. This, not only speaks of the efficiency of the governance of Sapt Sindhu, but also shows that they had accepted and assimilated the new population from the very beginning.

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The arriving population being dispersed also goes to prove that they were not invaders. In an invasion, the invaders are unsure of their position and feel the threat of being attacked by the local population, to counter which they stick together and often make protective structures for themselves, like forts. The Aryan population felt no such necessity and was secure even though dispersed.

The Richa proceeds to say that they were formerly unhappy, but are fortunate again, an indication that the Rishi who composed it had himself come to Sapt Sindhu and was not a descendant of one of the migrants. As he is remembering the earlier unhappy times and is grateful to be fortunate again, it is not a situation in which refugees fleeing Iran had somehow found a place to survive, but a situation in which the host has made an effort to make them comfortable. The Richa concludes with the Rishi cursing the people who had censured him and had imputed fraudulent practices to him. This reveals the identity of the people because of whom these friends of Agni were formerly unhappy.


Also read: A 4,500-old woman from Rakhigarhi spoke this week, and made Indians ask ‘Who are we?’


Apart from these Richas which directly speak of what the Indo-Aryans received on arrival, there are several passages in the Veds which show that they were living with the Harappan people. In some of them they appear to be in their cities. A few such passages are given here.

  1. I repeat with a (willing) mind, the unreluctant praises of Bhavya, dwelling on the banks of the Sindhu, a prince of unequalled (might), desirous of renown, who has enabled me to celebrate a thousand sacrifices.
  2. From which generous prince, soliciting (my acceptance), I Kakshivat, unhesitatingly accepted a hundred nishkas, a hundred vigorous steeds, a thousand bulls, whereby he has spread his imperishable fame through heaven.
  3. Ten chariots drawn by baysteeds and carrying my wives stood near me, given to me by Svanay and a thousand and sixty cows followed. These, after a short interval of time, did Kakshivat, deliver (to his father).

This excerpt from the book An Aryan Journey by Harsh Mahaan Cairae has been published with permission from Rupa Publications. 

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15 Comments Share Your Views

15 COMMENTS

  1. The author cunningly by purportedly saying that there was no “Aryan” invasion of India deceitfully and treacherously states that the “Aryans” came to India from “Iran” out of choice which is false and treacherous! The “Aryans” were indigenous to India. The name Iran is itself misplaced. The whole Sarasvati – Setumanta Basin including the delta of the Sarasvati and Setumanta or what is presently the Arghandab and Helmand or Hindmand i.e. Hamun-i-Helmand and Zabul is in Afghanistan geographically and politically and historically part of the Political Geography of India.

      • SIR, I REQUEST YOU TO FIRST READ VEDAS , JAB TAK HUM APNA ITIHAAS NAHI JANENGE TAB TAK FOREIGNERS KI REPORTS HUME BEWAKOOF BANATE RAHENGE. EVEN THE SCIENCE WAS SO MUCH BETTER THAN THIS TIME. READ UPNISHADS,VEDAS, BUT MOST IMPORTANTLY OF A GOOD PUBLISHER. MANY PUBLICATIONS DONT EVEN DO CORRECT TRANSLATION.

        https://youtu.be/E7b_gqLKxKc

    • YOU ARE ABSOLUTELY RIGHT BROTHER. THIS IS WHAT THE TRUTH IS. THE WHOLE MIDDLE EAST WAS INDIA ONLY, ARYAVRAT. AND ALSO ARYAN MEANS NOBLE. IT HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH INDO-ARYAN WORD. THE POINT IS NO ONE ACTUALLY KNOWS TRUE HISTORY OF INDIA. NOBODY READS VEDAS, WHICH GAVE US THE BEST KNOWLWDGE OF HISTORY OF THAT TIME.

  2. This is a complex and highly debatable issue. No one can write in the manner of certainty, as there are multiple views put forward by knowledgeable authors. I would just like to furnish the following quotation to ponder upon: “There is no Aryan race in blood. Aryan in scientific language is utterly inapplicable to race. It means nothing but language and if we speak of Aryan race at all, we should know that it should mean no more than Aryan speech. I have declared again and again that if I say Aryan, I mean neither blood or bones, nor hair nor skull; I mean simply those who speak Aryan language.” (Max Muller- Biography of Works). The research based on studies in genetic science endorses the view that there was no Aryan race.

  3. Please place a dislike button as well. How can people say you are bogus. Quit this bogus theory of Aryans invasion/migration. At least try being truthful.

  4. Dear Author,
    There is no Aryan Invasion or Migration. Both are just crazy imaginations of Leftist Historians, who do not want to accept that Vedas are from Bharatavarsha. First of all, when Indus Valley Civilization was thriving in Bharatavarsha, the people in the Europe were still living in caves. How do you expect us to believe that a cave-dweller from Europe came to India and suddenly built well-planned cities? If anything, people from Bharatavarsha migrated to other parts of the world. As you are well aware, the city of Dwaraka, a well-planned city, now submerged in water, off the coast of Gujarat, had pottery and other stuff that dates back to 7500 BC. The whole Aryan-Dravidian theory was designed by the British to Divide Indians and Rule.

  5. The Aryans migrated cum invaded right from India to Spain as their lands were flooded by the Great flood of around 3000 BCE. It is their proto languages that are now the Indo-European group. They had no culture of their own and adopted the Vedic culture of the existing IVC with modifications. The original inhabitants were pushed south. It is likely that the Aryan invasion was nothing butvthe Kurukshetra war.

  6. Anyhow this print media wants people to believe that vedas are external to india..first they were bluffing this aryan “invasion” theory & now they are saying that it was not an invasion but “they” only came peacefully with the vedas. they are just making “ARYAN INVASION THEORY” into “ARYAN MIGRATION THEORY”

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