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Padmavati has been a part of Indian theatre & cinema for 111 years, and nobody protested 

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Since 1906, the Rani Padmini-Alauddin Khalji story has been told and retold multiple times in various forms, without people going up in arms.

Former Central Board of Film Certification chairman Pahlaj Nihalani, not known for a reasonable approach, perhaps made the most pertinent comment on the controversy over Sanjay Leela Bhansali’s film Padmaavat. He asked: “Why is it that earlier versions of Rani Padmini’s life invited no wrath from any Rajput groups?”

Indeed, many versions of Rani Padmini’s epic story have been part of Indian theatre, film and television for about 111 years, and none invited strictures.


Bengali poet and playwright Kshirode Prasad Vidyavinode’s play Padmini in 1906 revolved around the same story – Alauddin Khalji capturing the Rana of Chittor using deceit, Rani Padmini managing to rescue her husband, and later, as the battle ensued, all Rajput women including Padmini self-immolated.

Three years later, in 1909, Abanindranath Tagore’s Raj Kahini was published. This children’s literature collection told a similar tale of Padmini-Ratan Singh-Khalji, adding a part where the Rajput king offered to surrender his wife to Alauddin to protect Chittor, but his fellow Rajputs refused the offer.


Cinema history is also littered with retellings of the Padmini story. In 1963, Tamil film Chittoor Rani Padmini had actor Vyjayanthimala playing the lead role. Tamil superstar Sivaji Ganesan played Rana Ratan Singh and M.N. Nambiar played Khalji. The film didn’t create any protest before release, nor any buzz at the box office.

A year later came the Hindi version Maharani Padmini, starring Anita Guha as the queen, Jairaj as her husband, and Sajjan as Khalji. The film was a damp squib at the box office, but the songs, featuring Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle, Suman Kalyanpur, and Usha Mangeshkar were hits. This film saw no protests either.



Apart from these two 70 mm versions, the story of Rani Padmini also found its way to the smaller screen. Shyam Benegal’s epic show Bharat Ek Khoj had one episode on Padmini, with Om Puri playing Khilji, Seema Kelkar playing Padmini, and Rajendra Gupta playing Ratan Singh.


In 2009, Sony Entertainment Televsion began broadcasting Chittod ki Rani Padmini Ka Johur, a show directed by National Award-winning art director Nitin Chandrakant Desai, featuring Tejaswani Lonari as Padmini.

The show didn’t complete its six-month run due to low TRPs and high costs. And while it was in the news for its opulent sets and costumes, it never witnessed protests for its historical content or context.


Bhansali’s Padmavati is clearly not the first time the story of Rani Padmini has been the inspiration for a creative piece. Khalji’s infatuation with her has also been used as a significant part of the narrative.

So is the film just an easy target for fringe groups and right-wing elements to force their beliefs on one man’s freedom of expression? History certainly seems to show that.

Also read: Padmavati highlights a need to democratise the freedom of expression

This article was originally published on 20 November, 2017.

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  1. How do you know the story & director’s interpretation without even watching it?!? At least watch the movie & then anybody and everybody is free to protest.

  2. Was there a talk of ‘Dream Sequence’ between Padmini and Khilji ? Had not SL Bhansali misused his creative freedom in his earlier film ‘Bajirao’ ?

    Bhansali & Team maintained a veil of secrecy (with a view to increase the hype surrounding the film). They did not take any steps to assure the protestors who feared the worst ( that is, including the dream sequence ).

    All this has brought the things to the present state.

  3. The whole controversy is being very cleverly been manipulated by BJP to consolidate the Rajput vote for the Gujarat election. Because of this reason Congress is also opposing the movie. These politicians can do anything for their electoral gain.

  4. I think this is a highly one-sided and ill-informed review if a currently raging controversy. The only reason for the protests is that a relationship is shown between Padmavathi and Alauddin Khilji which is not only a distortion of history but a crass effort with purely commercial motives. Ignores public sensitivities and shows negative creativity under the guise of freedom of expression. None, repeat NONE of the previous film versions has this kind of insensitivity.

    • Have you seen the film or read the script? Neither have any of the protestors. So I want to know what’s one sided. This article or the protestors’ violent, aggressive protests where there literally threatening to murder people.

    • Have you seen the movie to confirm the same, everyone who has acted or seen has confirmed so such angle exists.

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