File image of Justice Ranjan Gogoi | PTI
File image of Justice Ranjan Gogoi | PTI
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There had been speculation that the senior-most SC judge could be superseded following the 12 January press conference.

New Delhi: Barring any last-minute change of plans, the Narendra Modi government will proceed with the appointment of the senior-most Supreme Court judge, Ranjan Gogoi, as the next Chief Justice of India.

The Centre is awaiting the formal recommendation from the incumbent chief justice, Dipak Misra, before beginning the process to appoint his replacement.


Also read: Guwahati advocate asks CJI Misra why Justice Gogoi, an Assamese, is hearing NRC case


Top sources in the government told ThePrint that the appointment of the next CJI was discussed at the highest level a few days ago and it was felt that the principle of seniority should be “strictly followed” in picking a successor to Misra who retires on 2 October.

The source also said that the Modi government is aware of the fact that denying the top post to Justice Gogoi would only give credence to the repeated charge by the opposition, especially the Congress, that the Narendra Modi government has been making concerted efforts to subjugate the judiciary.

“There is nothing on record against Justice Gogoi and, while there has been speculation and rumours, the government will go by the law and seniority. Unless somebody is able to prove that he is unfit to hold the post, which would actually also mean that he is unfit to continue as a judge of the Supreme Court, there is no reason to deny him what he is entitled to due to his seniority. We are waiting for the CJI’s letter,” said a senior government functionary.

The cloud after the press conference

There has been intense speculation that Justice Gogoi could be superseded after he along with three senior-most Supreme Court judges — Jasti Chelameswar (now retired), Madan B. Lokur and Kurian Joseph — held an unprecedented press conference on 12 January.

The four had highlighted the trust-deficit between CJI Misra and his brother judges and accused the Centre of making attempts to curb the independence of the judiciary. They had also pointed out that CJI Misra was taking away politically-sensitive cases from senior judges and assigning them to junior ones.

The procedure

Under the memorandum of procedure (MoP), which guides appointments in the higher judiciary, the appointment to the office of the Chief Justice of India “should be of the senior-most judge of the Supreme Court considered fit to hold the office”.

The law minister first writes to the outgoing CJI, requesting him to recommend the name of his successor. Normally, this letter is sent about a month before the CJI is scheduled to demit office.

Union Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad is currently on an official visit to the US and will return in a few days. “There is still time. Don’t worry, orders will be issued in time,” said the source.


Also read: Not CJI Misra, constitutional morality & law will ensure Justice Gogoi is next top judge


While the CJI, in case there is “doubt about the fitness of the senior-most judge to hold the office of the CJI”, can hold consultations with other judges before sending his recommendation, under the Constitution, the recommendation means little.

As first reported by ThePrint, the MoP is not a statutory document and can’t override the provisions of law on the appointment of judges. 

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3 Comments Share Your Views

3 COMMENTS

  1. God be praised. There have been a succession of CJIs, some of whom have clearly been of superior calibre, but that is not the point. Appointing the senior most judge is the convention and the law. Some serve for a few months, fade quietly into the sunset. Not appointing the senior most judge would be a disaster, something that would undermine the sanctity of India’s most trusted institution. That was one of Mrs Gandhi’s earliest and most egregious missteps, leading with the inevitability of a Greek tragedy to the emergency.

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