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27.1% of India’s all cancer cases in 2020 will be tobacco-related, ICMR report estimates

The National Cancer Registry Programme Report 2020 also says incidence of breast cancer is on the rise while cervical cancer is on the decline.

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New Delhi: The National Cancer Registry Programme Report 2020, released by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) Tuesday, estimates there will be 13.9 lakh cases of cancer in India in 2020, and that this number is likely to rise to 15.7 lakh by 2025.

The estimates are based on data retrieved from 28 Population-Based Cancer Registries (PBCRs) and 58 Hospital-Based Cancer Registries (HBCRs) from across India, between 2012 and 2016.

PBCRs measure the incidence rates of cancer for a defined population, while HBCRs provide data on the clinical presentation, diagnosis and care of cancer.

According to the data, tobacco-related cancers will account for 27.1 per cent of India’s cancer burden in 2020, followed by gastrointestinal cancer (19.7 per cent) and cancer of the cervix uteri (5.4 per cent).

The NCRP was set up by the ICMR in 1982 to “create evidence on the burden, pattern and distribution of cancer”, for survival and management of the disease.

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Highest incidence of cancer in Northeast

This year’s report finds that highest incidence of cancer in India was observed in the Northeastern region — one out of four persons between 0 and 74 years in Arunachal Pradesh’s Papumpare district had the possibility of developing cancer in their lifetime.

Aizawl district in Mizoram and Papumpare district in Arunachal Pradesh recorded the highest age adjusted rates (AAR) of cancer per 1 lakh population for all sites of cancer combined, at 269.4 and 219.8, respectively.

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Breast cancer incidence increasing

Cancers of the lung, mouth, stomach and oesophagus were the most common among men, while cancers of breast and cervix uteri were the most common among women, finds the report. It also says incidence of breast cancer is on the rise while cervical cancer is on the decline. The highest burden of breast cancer was observed in metropolitan cities such as Hyderabad, Chennai, Bengaluru and Delhi.

Illustration via ICMR report
Illustration via ICMR report

Delhi’s PBCR recorded the highest proportion of childhood cancers in both the 0-14 and 0-19 age groups, at 3.7 per cent and 4.9 per cent, respectively. Leukaemia was the most common diagnosis of cancer in both age groups and among both genders.

A total of 6,67,666 cases were registered by all 58 HBCRs, the highest number of which came from Tata Memorial Hospital in Mumbai (81,260 cases).

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  1. I am very much shocked to know that our Country (INDIA) became home of all kinds diseases which are generating ourselves. It shows that all we don’t bothers about future of our health and also about the health of our children. This more and most shit that our political system has gone to coma and became corrupt and also our media is taking care of health of Nation. Its shame that our Govt don’t bothers about food adulteration, pollution, untreated sewage water, quality of food production, we had lost quality of safe drinking water. And more over corruption had ruined the lives of every citizens. It means our lives at the high risk due to all ignorance on which way our Govt working.

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