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Modi govt assures savings in EPF will be safe, despite Reliance Capital’s payment default

Senior official says govt always has a buffer or surplus from returns it makes on EPFO’s investments, which ensures that employees’ savings remain protected.

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New Delhi: The Union labour and employment ministry has assured that the savings of subscribers in the Employees’ Provident Fund (EPF) scheme will be protected, irrespective of the returns made on investments by the organisation that runs the scheme (EPFO) in corporate bonds of private companies.

This is after Anil Ambani-owned Reliance Capital defaulted on its interest payments to the EPFO. 

According to a senior official, who spoke to ThePrint on the condition of anonymity, the government always has a buffer or surplus from the returns it makes on the EPFO’s investments, which ensures that employees’ savings remain protected.

“At least 80 per cent of the corpus of the EPFO is invested in safe assets like public sector bonds and government securities, which do not default. Twenty per cent of the investments has to be in corporate bonds, including those issued by public sector undertakings, on which there is very high interest that we earn, so there is enough buffer to cover the liabilities,” the official said.

The case in point here is that of Reliance Capital. Last week, Minister of State for Finance Dr Bhagwat Karad told the Rajya Sabha that the firm, in whose non-convertible debentures (NCDs) EPFO had invested Rs 2,500 crore, has defaulted on interest payments of Rs 536.64 crore as on 30 November 2021.

Karad, however, said there has been no default on the principal payments of these NCDs.

“Ministry of Labour and Employment has further informed that as the maturity date of these investments has not become due till date, there is no default on principal,” Karad had said.

The Union labour ministry has fixed 8.5 per cent interest for the year 2020-21 to subscribers of the EPF scheme, resulting in a pay-out of around Rs 70,000 crore as interest, leaving a surplus of Rs 1,000 crore. This was mentioned at the meeting of the central board of trustees of the EPFO in November 2021, according to government sources.

Also read: Finance Ministry approves 8.5% interest rate on EPF for FY20

Default on interest payments

Non-convertible debentures are debt instruments that provide a high rate of interest. Companies generally use these instruments to raise money to accumulate long-term value of their assets.

The first time Reliance Capital defaulted on these interest payments was in October 2019. Since then, various regulatory actions have been taken against the company.

Last month, the Reserve Bank of India superseded the board of Reliance Capital and appointed Nageswar Rao Y., former executive director of the Bank of Maharashtra, as the administrator of Reliance Capital.

The RBI has also filed an application at the Mumbai bench of the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) to initiate insolvency proceedings against the company. The process will take 330 days according to government rules.

No investment in private sector bonds

According to the investment pattern mandated by the government, EPFO has to invest a minimum of 20 per cent of its incremental inflows in corporate bonds, including those issued by public sector undertakings.

However, last year in August, after the collapse of Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services Ltd (IL&FS) and Reliance Capital defaulting on repayments, the retirement fund body’s board decided to withhold any further investment in bonds issued by private sector companies.

The board had also decided that EPFO will invest in bonds of only those public sector units that meet certain rating criteria.  

(Edited by Saikat Niyogi)

Also read: Opening govt bond market to retail investors is a good start. Challenge is making it a success


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