New Delhi: Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman Saturday announced lower personal income tax slabs, but subject to taxpayers foregoing various deductions available to them.
The move is on the lines of a Rs 1.45-lakh crore tax relief that the Modi government had announced for companies in September last year, when corporate taxes were reduced by nearly 10 percentage points but subject to the taxpayers not availing any deductions like tax holidays.
According to the new tax slabs proposed in Union Budget 2020, those earning income between Rs 5 lakh and Rs 7.5 lakh will be taxed at 10 per cent as against an applicable tax rate of 20 per cent with deductions. Those earning an annual income of Rs 7.5 lakh to Rs 10 lakh will be subject to a tax rate 15 per cent as against a tax rate of 20 per cent.
People with annual income of Rs 10 lakh to Rs 12.5 lakh will now be subject to a tax rate of 20 per cent; between Rs 12.5 lakh to Rs 15 lakh at 25 per cent; and over Rs 15 lakh at 30 per cent. The applicable tax rate for all these three slabs was 30 per cent in the deduction regime.
The new tax slabs will be voluntary and taxpayers will have the option of using the existing tax slabs and avail all the deductions available to them.
No deductions allowed
The deductions that the taxpayers will have to forego have been spelt out in the memorandum to the budget documents.
At present, taxpayers get many deductions in the computation of income tax — like a standard deduction of Rs 40,000 and Rs 1.5 lakh of savings under section 80 (C) of the I-T form.
According to the memorandum, taxpayers won’t be able to avail many of the deductions under the new slab. These include the house rent allowance, leave travel concession, any deductions under chapter VIA like section 80 (C), standard deduction, deduction for entertainment allowance and employment/professional tax and the Rs 2-lakh interest deduction on housing loans.
This may push many taxpayers not to opted for the lower tax slabs.
In her budget speech, Nirmala Sitharaman said this will help taxpayers file their tax returns on their own and without any difficulty. She added that substantial tax benefit will accrue to taxpayers in the new tax regime.
The government is estimating that the amount of tax revenues that it will have to give up or the tax foregone on account of the new slabs will be Rs 40,000 crore.
Sitharaman also announced that faceless appeals online will be allowed on the lines of faceless assessment to minimise harassment to taxpayers.
To boost the housing sector, tax breaks available to affordable housing were extended by one year and developers constructing affordable houses have been given a one-year tax holiday.