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India test fires K-4, a 3,500 km nuclear-capable missile meant for Arihant submarine

K-4 is the most potent missile that India can fire from a submarine, giving the country unprecedented second-strike capability and huge deterrence power.

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New Delhi: After repeated delays, India successfully test fired the 3,500 km range K-4 nuclear-capable missile meant for the indigenous Arihant-class submarines.

The missile was tested Sunday from a fixed underwater pontoon on the east coast — sources told ThePrint it was fired off the coast of Andhra Pradesh.

This is the fourth time the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has attempted to test fire the missile since October, but various climatic conditions prevented it.

The K-4 is the most potent missile in India’s inventory that can be fired from a submarine, giving the country unprecedented second-strike capability and a huge deterrence power.

While India does operate a submarine launched ballistic missile (SLBM), the K-15, it has a limited range of just about 750 km.

DRDO sources say that the research agency is already working on a much longer range missile, the K-5, which can hit targets 5,000 km away.

Also read: PM Modi has spoken. With INS Arihant, India is no longer a reluctant nuclear power

Nuclear triad

India is among the six nations in the world to have the capability to fire a nuclear missile from land, air and undersea. The others are US, Russia, China, France and UK.

The induction of INS Arihant into the Navy in 2016 has been one of the biggest developments for the armed forces in the last decade. With this induction, India completed the nuclear triad.

Stressing on the importance of the deployment of INS Arihant, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had, in 2018, congratulated the crew and all those involved in the achieving the feat.

He had said this puts India among a handful of countries having the capability to design, construct and operate ballistic missile submarines, known as SSBNs.

The second submarine of the Arihant class, known as Arighat, was launched in 2017, and is said to be near induction.

Also read: INS Arihant, Chinook, P-8I — game-changing Indian military inductions in the last decade


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  1. Critize the political system or the government but not the countrys preparedness to defend the territory. No defence means slave to china. Support our country to become self reliant in defence and not scoop into cheap anti government gossips which may inturn go anti national.

  2. Bunch of great critics commenting above. A big round of applause s to all of them. Hope they get peace in their heart after commenting.

  3. What difference does it make firing from a land based location or a pontoon. Nothing. So we are not yet capable of launching from a moving sea based vehicle.??? Nothing to be proud of, DRDO should be named as the LAZIEST RESEARCH DREAM ORG

  4. Still not there yet.. firing from a pontoon is vastly different from firing from the submarine itself. Maybe it will take another decade or two for that to happen

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