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HomeJudiciaryModi govt drafting bill to launch IAS, IPS-like judicial service for judges

Modi govt drafting bill to launch IAS, IPS-like judicial service for judges

The idea of a judicial service is expected to help tackle vacancies. However, with the exception of SA Bobde, successive CJIs & many states have opposed the idea. 

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Chandigarh: The Narendra Modi government has launched efforts to establish an All India Judicial Service (AIJS) on the lines of the IAS for administration and IPS for police, ThePrint has learnt.

According to a source in the Supreme Court, the central government has “informally informed” Chief Justice of India S.A. Bobde that a draft bill to this end is in the works. 

“It has been indicated to us that the government is very serious about the AIJS. We have been told that the justice department, in consultation with the Union Ministry of Law & Justice, is currently drafting the bill in this regard,” the source, who is aware of the consultations, told ThePrint.

Once the bill is drafted, the CJI is learnt to have been informed, the contours of the proposed AIJS would be shared with the higher judiciary for further discussion. 

The idea of an AIJS for direct recruitment of judges in the lower judiciary is expected to help tackle the towering vacancies that are a major factor in the endemic pendency dogging India’s judicial system. The Modi government has long favoured the idea, but successive CJIs and high court chief justices as well as many state governments have opposed the idea of instituting an AIJS. 

The main reason for the opposition on the judicial side is that such a service may not work due to administrative reasons, while states fear the AIJS may dilute their role in appointments to the lower judiciary.

However, Bobde, who assumed office as CJI in November last year, has been a supporter of introducing an AIJS.

In 1976, Parliament had amended Article 312 to provide for an AIJS, but a lack of consensus at the time had scuttled the proposal to set it up.

Also read: 410 vacancies but govt sat on names — why 2019 wasn’t a good year for judge appointments

What needs to be done

Judges in the subordinate judiciary are currently selected through tests conducted either by the state governments or the high courts, and the state governments have administrative control — barring transfers — over the subordinate judiciary. 

According to the Supreme Court source, the central government’s preliminary plan proposes direct recruitment for 25 per cent of the vacancies at the level of additional district judge. The government, the source said, is looking to entrust the recruitment to the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), which conducts the civil services exam, or a new agency formed on the same lines.

The government, the source added, is also looking at direct recruitment for the entry-level position of magistrate. However, this may require an amendment in the Constitution — while Article 312 (1) allows Parliament to pass an Act to provide for the creation of an AIJS, a subsequent clause, Article 312 (3), says it should only be for judges above the level of district judge.

The institution of an AIJS would itself also require an amendment to Article 234 of the Constitution that deals with recruitment to subordinate judiciary. Under the existing provisions, recruitment of “persons other than district judges” is made by the governor “in accordance with rules made by him in that behalf after consultation with the State Public Service Commission and with the High Court exercising jurisdiction in relation to such state”.

Even though the CJI is said to support the idea, bringing an AIJS may yet prove difficult. For one, parties that are in opposition at the national level but in power in states may oppose the amendments in Parliament. Also, the CJI is yet to hold wider consultations on the matter with his brother judges.

Also read: Not just govt, judiciary also to blame for mounting judge vacancies in high courts

CJI also wants academy for student-judges

According to sources, CJI Bobde has also requested the government to study the feasibility of setting up an academy, on the lines of the National Defence Academy (NDA) for the armed forces, where students can study law and then, on passing out, join the subordinate judiciary as entry-level judges.

He has also suggested that the infrastructure of the National Fire Service College (NFSC), Nagpur — the CJI hails from Nagpur — could be considered for the purpose of setting up the academy.

Also read: Judge vacancies at high courts hit 2019 high — 414 posts need to be filled


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  1. INDIA:
    The only country in the world appoints IAS and PCS as justices without any legal training, education and skill. These unskilled justices are irreparably damaging the innocent public and punishing the Honourable justices of High Courts and the Supreme Court of India who is sincerely trying to correct the mistakes of unqualified IAS and PCS justices. These untrained IAS and PCS takes bribes and works in cahoot with corrupt politicians,bhumafia, terrorists, these unscrupulous, arrogant and sinuous IAS and PCS are traitors. The Indian politicians are drunk with power, are in a coma unable to terminate IAS, IPS and PCS who are not working honestly and giving a poor image of India around the world and looting India.
    Respectfully submitted

    Ramesh Mishra

  2. I want to support this Bill in the interests of the Bharat Mata Patriotism Constitutional Weightage Transferancy like / link to IAS IPS etc. to get equal chance opportunity to entire Aspirant Candidates all over the Bharat Hindustan India including Kashmir Ladakh… Thanks Congratulations Congratulations Celebrations Present Tense GIFT TATHASTU!

  3. It’s a very good decesion in the management of justice administration in india, Hon’ble The CJI and Hon’ble The PM should get this idea implemented on immediate basis

  4. Why central govt donot nationalize NLu they are mishandled oweing to poor state administration unless you people fix problems at grassroot nothing will change

  5. Idea to set up AIJS is very good and it will be of great help in speedy justice to people of India . New generation may have good spirit and concept of basic requirements of law and our constitution . Process of law will be fasten and its misuse would be under control . Which is hurdle in present system .

  6. Judiciary should independently conduct tests & recruitment…else Govt will bring their own candidates to influence & tilt verdicts in its favor.

    • I agree. Even today Judiciary is not independently acting when an IAS officer role questioned before it.

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