Tuesday, 25 January, 2022
HomeWorldFlying has become more dangerous. Don't just blame Boeing

Flying has become more dangerous. Don’t just blame Boeing

Aircraft accidents occurred more frequently in almost every region worldwide in 2018 & death toll climbed to 4-year high of 523, according IATA.

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Sydney: Flying has become deadlier than it has been for years and it’s hard to pin it solely on Boeing Co.’s infamous 737 Max.

Aircraft accidents occurred more frequently in almost every region worldwide in 2018 as the death toll climbed to a four-year high of 523, according to the International Air Transport Association. The fatal crashes of Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 and Aeroflot Flight 1492 ensure that this year will be another bad one.

So what happened to the safest form of travel? It’s one of the biggest questions hanging over airline and aircraft executives as they congregate this weekend in Seoul at IATA’s annual meeting for the industry’s largest gathering since the two Boeing 737 Max disasters.

What’s clear is that demand for air travel is growing so fast — IATA expects it to double in the next 20 years — that airlines, plane makers and regulators are struggling to keep up. Meanwhile, the pressure to keep costs low has intensified with the proliferation of no-frills carriers catering to travelers unrelentingly obsessed with ticket prices.

And the reality is that safety, whether it be the training of pilots or add-on features in planes, costs money and there’s a limit to how much the industry can spend safeguarding human life.

“You get what you pay for,” said Geoffrey Dell, a safety scientist at Central Queensland University in Australia who’s been an air-safety investigator since 1979. “Everyone is moving back to a minimum regulatory standard. It’s designed to give you the best outcome for the cheapest price.”

Still Safe

To be sure, flying is still relatively safe. Some 4.3 billion travelers, the equivalent of more than half the world’s population, flew safely in 2018. The chance of an accident is little more than one in a million. And it’s been more than a decade since fatalities topped 1,000 in a given year, something that would regularly happen from the 1960s until the turn of the century.

Yet that didn’t stop Montreal-based IATA, whose member airlines represent more than 80% of air traffic worldwide, from painting an unusually bleak picture in its safety report for 2018, which was released in April. While the industry has made huge advances, it’s been too slow to address catastrophic events such as the loss of control in mid-flight, according to the association.

Safety is also under pressure because airlines are increasingly asking manufacturers for specific aircraft to tap travel trends.

That’s placing a burden on Chicago-based Boeing and European rival Airbus SE to deliver aircraft on time and on budget, said Ian Thomas, a senior aviation consultant at CAPA Consulting in Sydney. He noted Qantas Airways Ltd.’s public request for both manufacturers to make a plane that can fly Sydney to London non-stop by 2022.

The 20-Hour Flight Is Coming. And It May Have a Gym and Bunks

“Safety and quality are important but price continues to be the main driver,” said Thomas.


Also readBoeing sends 737 Max to brand rehab as it plans for a comeback


New Problems

Other pressure points have emerged. The surging demand for flights means that the world will need about three-quarters of a million new maintenance technicians and about the same number of new pilots by 2037 just to keep pace, according to Boeing’s projections.

In the twin Boeing Max tragedies, preliminary probes exposed some of the risks associated with the complexities of modern aircraft. In both the October crash in Indonesia and the March disaster in Ethiopia, which killed 346 people, evidence emerged that an on-board system known as MCAS took control of the aircraft from the pilots and repeatedly forced both planes to dive. The model — Boeing’s fastest-selling jet ever — has been grounded globally since the second crash.

Then there’s the issue of pilot training. Flight-handling errors, such as incorrect power or flap settings, contributed to about one third of the 339 fatal and non-fatal accidents between 2013 and 2017, according to IATA.

Flight-simulator time is so expensive that piloting skills at some airlines that don’t have their own machines have eroded, according to Central Queensland University’s Dell.

While training levels vary depending on the airline, there’s a clear need to prepare pilots to handle situations beyond syllabus items like landing-gear failure, according to Dirk Dahmen, Airbus training manager at Qantas and an A380 captain. As he puts it: “We need to train our pilots to deal with the unpredictable stuff.”

Reversing the deadly trend of accidents is likely to require progress on multiple fronts, beyond recreating unusual scenarios in simulators. Regulators around the world also need enough resources to do their jobs, isolated from unnecessary influence from plane makers, said Richard Aboulafia, an aerospace analyst with Fairfax, Virginia-based Teal Group.

There’s one tragic indicator when safety margins get too thin. “You’ve got a pile of wreckage that tells you you went too far,” said Dell.


Also readEthiopian pilot had warned bosses of dangers long before 737 Max crash


 

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SourceBloomberg

2 COMMENTS

  1. How many more have to die before the general population understands and realizes that pilots are overworked and fatigued very very regularly? In the name of profits and “productivity” (another term for “capitalist greed”), airlines routinely lobby and bribe their way to ridiculous FDTL rules (FLIGHT DUTY TIME LIMITATION) for pilots which means that they are at work for 12-13 hours straight, after having woken up at unearthly hours (one day 2 AM, the next 4AM, the next 3 AM again – this is very common in several of India’s big airlines currently) day after day.

    So I ask the general public – are your cheap tickets worth the fatigue that pilots put up with because airlines want to cut costs and hire lesser pilots or give them lesser training? Is your life or your loved one’s life worth the 2000 bucks you save?

    Pilots are unfortunately bound by company regulations and politics and are unable to push against the DGCA to better their work life since you’d be instantly out of a job if you retaliated at all.

    It is you, the passengers, that have to push for better FDTL regulations for pilots that make them less tired and keep them alert for any emergency. Do something before your special someone dies.

  2. Air accidents have become more frequent, because safety concerns have been put on the back burner. Cost cutting is all important. Rising fuel prices also cause for concern, as well as fierce competition. Crew fatigue on long haul flights as well as quick turn arounds also to blame.

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