Materials in electronic devices no longer in use are estimated to be worth $57 billion annually. In Europe alone there are 100 million mobile phones lying in drawers.
Fieldwork has shown Paharis and Gujjars are deeply entwined, in ways that their political leadership does not acknowledge.
European Union ban on Russian crude imports from 5 Dec will drive European refiners to buy more Middle East oil, putting them in competition with Asian buyers.
The IAF chief said the model of integration that India adopts must be future-ready, must reduce levels of decision-making, and capitalise on the strength of all three services.
In a highly polarised time, cornered minorities tend to lean back and protect the roots and fundamentals of what is so dear to them. Politically, it can often be a bad trap.