Basa fish
File image of a basa fish | Commons
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Basa is a popular choice owing to its ready availability. Its cheap price is the only attractive thing about it, though.

New Delhi: About a decade ago, fish may not have been the most popular choice of protein at Indian restaurants. The lingering fishy taste on the palette was not an unseasoned fish eater’s delight. But the entry of the Basa changed the Indian market.

Introduced in India by Rahul Grover of frozen foods supplier Empire Foods in 2008, the white fish largely took over the Indian market. Data from the Directorate General of Foreign Trade showed that in just the first three months of 2011, India had already imported the amount of Basa that it did in all of 2010.

Today, the popularity of the exotic fish seems to have taken a backseat, with reports surfacing about its contamination.

Cheap factor

Basa was once popular due to its appearance and a greater yield (the amount of meat obtained after deboning and cleaning). Moreover, it is bereft of any fishy stench and has a greater adaptability to flavours and cooking methods.


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Since it’s also available all year round, it is the choice for many restaurants. However, the only attractive thing about the fish today is its cheap price. Local fish such as pomfret and king fish cost somewhere between Rs 550-570 a kilo, but the same quantity of imported Basa is available at Rs 240-250.

Worth the risk?

Basa (Pangasius bocourti), which is largely grown in Mekong delta, is found to be infested with unsafe drugs, many of which are carcinogenic in nature, say reports.

Basa is a particular variety of catfish that can survive extreme conditions, unlike other varieties. Because of its natural tendency of survival, and the ability to absorb nutrients even from contaminated waters, it poses a greater risk of hosting toxins in its body.

In 2007, the US Food and Drug Administration banned the import of the several fish, including the Vietnamese Basa. In 2005, the Consumer Association of Canada also expressed concerns over fishes imported from Vietnam as laboratory tests showed the presence of a banned form of fungicide in the fishes.

‘I’ll sell it, but won’t eat it’

Big hotels in India have completely moved away from serving Basa, ThePrint has learnt. Many among the five star hotels, such as the Oberoi, Taj ITC and the JW Marriott have stopped serving the fish across the country.

“Nobody wants to get into trouble just for using one ingredient in their food,” said chef Pratik Deshmukh of The Oberoi New Delhi. Stating that India already has a large variety of indigenous fish, he said the country does not need to import exotic fish.

Deshmukh said the overall demand of Basa in the Indian market may not have gone down because the suppliers have reworked their strategy to market the fish. Even though some of the big hotels have moved away from it, numerous standalone restaurants are still offering it on their menu.


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“I will sell it, but won’t eat it for sure,” said Rishi Bhog, a frozen food supplier who runs Protein Food Imports based out of Hyderabad and Pune. He added that Basa is still in demand only because of its price.

Bhog, who mainly supplies to small and medium level restaurants, said “people are ready to shell out only a specific amount of money while eating at a restaurant and the Basa is an exotic, imported fish, available at cheap price.”

Speaking to ThePrint, chef Nikhil Vaswani, who runs the popular restaurant Meat Street in Pune, said these days there is an increased awareness among the customers. They ask about the kind of fish served to them and particularly stay away from Basa.

Close watch

The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) said Basa runs the risk of mercury contamination. However, every consignment that arrives into the country undergoes a thorough test either by the FSSAI or the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC), according to their respective protocols.

The CBEC tests samples at places where FSSAI facilities are unavailable, FSSAI chairman Pawan Agarwal told ThePrint. “We are keeping a close watch on the basa and shall tighten out safety standards if the need arises,” said Agarwal.

“In the last five years, around five hundred consignments of the basa have come to India and very few have been rejected,” he added.

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10 COMMENTS

  1. I discovered this fish at my super market wrapped in crabmeat… I ate it quite often until I got tired of it and had to take a break. Recently I decided just to buy the fish and wrap it myself, I fry it with a fish fry mix. But something told me to look this up this fish, I guess because it said Vietnam @$5.99 lb that pretty cheap,
    This is my last time buying it though.

  2. Irresponsible reporting, “staying away”? what if the local produce is good enough? Won’t such reporting affect local fish farmers?

    • Yeah I thought the same thing reading this. I love basa and usually cook at home, and buy from local farmers. Other than possible mercury contamination if you eat too much(which is fine btw, just don’t eat too much. This is an issue with many fish) I can’t see that anything else is the matter here.

  3. If all thing available in market are dengerous as show in aaj tak and other print media than what shall eat i sometime human being is only safe eat now

  4. Some how I have a feeling, this news paper Print always writes against Indian setup and policies . Be it anything to do with food or govt. Policies or some social practices …This paper will always publish negative reports . I wonder who runs it?

  5. americans have a way to market their product well previously they said coconut oil was bad and palmoil was good if you know about it please overlook their crap reports they make is to prosper their industry

  6. Rubbish, it’s American propoganda. Sale of American catfish is plummeting due to import of cheaper Basa from Vietnam. Long ago ,I went on to the site of Australian fisheries department and found nothing adverse about this much maligned fish. N ew Zealand ‘s fisheries department tested the fish for contamination and found none.

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