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RBI’s outlook on inflation, growth overtaken by Ukraine war, monetary policy panel officials say

The developments are unlikely to nudge the MPC to raise interest rates yet, but could force it to spell out its priorities given concerns over the war have overtaken pandemic’s impact.

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New Delhi: A chorus is growing among Indian monetary policy officials that the central bank’s outlook on inflation and growth is being overtaken by events, including the war in Ukraine, signaling a change of course is likely at its next meeting in April.

Shashanka Bhide, an external member in the six-member Monetary Policy Committee, is the latest rate-setter to say that the Reserve Bank of India’s February predictions would need to be revised given the war-induced surge in energy and food prices and the threat to global economic growth.

“The conditions what we see now are quite different from what we saw at the beginning of February,” Bhide said in an interview Friday. “The projections will have to take into account the changed scenario.”

Bhide’s comments follow similar statements from his MPC colleagues Jayanth Rama Varma, Ashima Goyal, and Michael Patra, who last week said the projections would require a “thorough re-assessment” at their meeting early next month.

Even before the war, inflation was topping the RBI’s 6% upper tolerance limit in 2022, and the supply disruptions that sent oil above $100 a barrel have since laid the ground for price-growth to overshoot the full-year target. That outcome will be difficult to ignore for the currently growth-obsessed policy panel led by Governor Shaktikanta Das, given its primary task is to maintain price stability.

Although the developments are unlikely to nudge the MPC to raise interest rates yet, they could force the panel to spell out its priorities given concerns surrounding the war have overtaken the Covid-19 pandemic’s impact.

It doesn’t matter if the central bank decides to go slow on policy normalization, or return to its old accommodative measures, Bhide said. “What will be important is to address gradually the concerns of the time,” he added.

Negative shock

While the central bank last month cited softening food prices as a reason for its benign 4.5% inflation forecast for next year, the conflict presents a negative shock to that outlook. That’s because the South Asian nation is the world’s biggest importer of palm, soybean and sunflower oils, while Ukraine and Russia account for about 80% of global sunflower oil cargoes.

“Food inflation obviously will be affected by this crisis — both in terms of prices and exchange rates,” said Bhide, an agricultural economist. It is hard to predict the trajectory of the inflation going forward, as it depends on how long prices would remain elevated, he said.

Here are some more excerpts from the interview:

  • “I don’t think growth implications are going to be insulated from what is happening globally,” Bhide said. “The mandate for MPC remains inflation and ensuring that growth conditions are favorable,” he said, defending the panel’s 5-1 vote to keep policy loose
  • Responding to criticism from the MPC’s lone dissenter Varma that the central bank risks falling behind the curve by keeping policy loose for too long, Bhide said watching the curve is not the objective of the central bank. “Credibility certainly is important and the credibility is in terms of the outcomes,” he said- Bloomberg

Also read: India to issue green bonds worth Rs 240 billion, as country shifts to low-carbon economy


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