Bharat Petroleum Corp. refinery in Mumbai
Bharat Petroleum Corp. refinery in Mumbai | Bloomberg | Dhiraj Singh
Text Size:

New Delhi: The Narendra Modi government, which in its earlier term had proposed the merger of public sector oil companies, has decided to abort the idea amid an increase in oil imports and reduced domestic production.

Sources said there will be no mergers of oil PSUs in the immediate future after the marriage between the Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC) and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd (HPCL) led to multiple problems. In January 2018, ONGC took over HPCL by buying out the entire 51.11 per cent stake that the government held for Rs 36,915 crore.

“The merger proposal has been put in the freezer for now,” a government official told The Print.

“The merger of ONCG and HPCL has not been smooth and at this point with an uncertain international scenario, there is little room for experiments,” the official added.

“With India importing over 80 per cent of its oil needs, the focus now has to be on increasing production and scouting for new suppliers since oil imports from Iran have been halted.”

The government’s earlier push for the mergers even found a mention in the budget speech of then finance minister Arun Jaitley, who on 1 February 2017, announced that some of the oil companies will be merged to form giant firms that could compete with international and domestic players.

The government has, however, gone ahead with the mergers of other PSUs to meet its disinvestment target. Last year over 35 per cent of the disinvestment target was met by selling PSUs to one another.

We are deeply grateful to our readers & viewers for their time, trust and subscriptions.

Quality journalism is expensive and needs readers to pay for it. Your support will define our work and ThePrint’s future.


Also read: RBI to the rescue – Modi govt eyes bank’s Rs 9.6 trillion surplus to beat economy blues

The ONGC-HPCL merger blues

One of the reasons for the decision appears to be the troubles plaguing the ONGC-HPCL merger.

Even after HPCL has become a subsidiary of ONGC, it has refused to accept the latter as its promoter. HPCL has listed the President of India, instead of ONGC, as its promoter with “zero” per cent shareholding in its regulatory filings submitted to the Bombay Stock Exchange for five quarters. ONGC was listed as a “public shareholder” with 51.11 per cent shareholding in the company.

On 17 June, the Public Enterprises Selection Board (PESB) invited Shashi Shanker, chairman and managing director of ONGC to participate in the selection process for HPCL’s new director of finance, reinforcing the fact that ONGC is the parent company. According to The Economic Times HPCL’s chairman and managing director M.K. Surana, who until now used to sit on the interview panels to select directors of the company, was not called.

A former ONGC official added that the company in 2017-18 primarily focused on its acquisition of HPCL. “Acquisition of that scale is not easy and this was almost a diktat from the Centre to go ahead with the these disrupt the core activities too,” the official added.

Also read:  Andhra Bank, SBI, UBI among top PSU banks with over 70% NPA from industry in FY19

India’s oil production drops

Amid rising geopolitical uncertainties and tense US-Iran relations, India’s total crude oil production has been dropping, leading to an increase in imports.

The country’s total crude production was 37.5 million metric tonnes in 2014-15. It has fallen to 34.2 million metric tonnes in 2018-19.

ONGC’s production dropped from 20.8 million metric tonnes in 2017-18 to 19.6 million metric tonnes in 2018-19. A former ONGC official said the oil major has been preoccupied with issues arising after the acquisition of HPCL in the last fiscal.

India’s total crude oil imports have risen from 202.85 MMT in 2015-16 to 226.64 MMT, according to a government website.

Also read: Maharatna & Navratna PSUs are involved in tax disputes worth nearly Rs 17,000 crore


Subscribe to our channels on YouTube & Telegram

News media is in a crisis & only you can fix it

You are reading this because you value good, intelligent and objective journalism. We thank you for your time and your trust.

You also know that the news media is facing an unprecedented crisis. It is likely that you are also hearing of the brutal layoffs and pay-cuts hitting the industry. There are many reasons why the media’s economics is broken. But a big one is that good people are not yet paying enough for good journalism.

We have a newsroom filled with talented young reporters. We also have the country’s most robust editing and fact-checking team, finest news photographers and video professionals. We are building India’s most ambitious and energetic news platform. And we aren’t even three yet.

At ThePrint, we invest in quality journalists. We pay them fairly and on time even in this difficult period. As you may have noticed, we do not flinch from spending whatever it takes to make sure our reporters reach where the story is. Our stellar coronavirus coverage is a good example. You can check some of it here.

This comes with a sizable cost. For us to continue bringing quality journalism, we need readers like you to pay for it. Because the advertising market is broken too.

If you think we deserve your support, do join us in this endeavour to strengthen fair, free, courageous, and questioning journalism, please click on the link below. Your support will define our journalism, and ThePrint’s future. It will take just a few seconds of your time.

Support Our Journalism

2 Comments Share Your Views


  1. ONGC’s job is to hunt for hydrocarbons, all over the world. It has a subsidiary for foreign acquisitions of oil bearing assets. HPCL refines oil and markets it. Zero synergy between the two corporates. The skill sets of their employees are dissimilar. Their merger was not as disastrous as Air India – Indian Airlines, but it represented nothing more than clever fiscal – not even financial – engineering. ONGC’s financial accumulations are meant to spur and fund exploration efforts, not bail out the government as it seeks to contain the fiscal deficit.

  2. Mr. Prime Minister and his team must consider-

    World is going to face a massive recession, along with negative weather conditions & worldwide social disparities.

    Indian Government never looked at population control, income distribution parity, health, shelter and education for last 70 years. Over and above harsh implementation of GST, demonetisation will create the situation more complicated, if full scale recession hits !!

    To make PSU units more fruitful and effective, solution like WMG, CEO from corporate world and involving IITs and IIMs are important instead we look only one window – SELLING THEM TO INDIAN MNCs TO BECOME MORE SICK AND INDIAN “BUSINESSMEN” BECOMING RICHER !!


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here