New Delhi: India Friday said it will seek to address the challenges facing the world today as “frictions have increased” as New Delhi geared up to join the UN Security Council (UNSC) as a non-permanent member.
India is the single endorsed candidate for the Asia-Pacific seat in the non-permanent member category. The elections for five non-permanent members will be held by the UN General Assembly on 17 June, in which India is likely to be elected for the eighth time.
The UNSC consists of 15 members: 10 non-permanent and five permanent members — China, France, Russia, the UK and US.
“Ten years since we were last elected to the UNSC, we are facing four very different challenges to international peace and security … The normal process of internal governance has been under increasing strain as frictions have increased,” Jaishankar said Friday, while releasing a brochure listing India’s priorities at the UNSC.
India had last assumed the role of a non-permanent member at the UNSC in 2011-12. Prior to that, it was a non-permanent member for 1950-51, 1967-68, 1972-73, 1977-78, 1984-85 and 1991-92.
Apart from challenges to internal governance, the external affairs minister highlighted that rise in terrorism continues to be the “most egregious” and India will strive to achieve a “concrete and result-oriented action at the security council for an effective response to international terrorism”.
Once elected, India will be on the seat at the UNSC as a non-permanent member starting from January 2021 for a period of two years.
Adding that India can play a positive global role at the UNSC, Jaishankar said, “We have always been a voice of reason and a votary of international law.”
India’s ‘Five S’ approach to the world
Keeping in the mind the massive changes brought about by the Covid-19 pandemic both geopolitically as well as economically, Jaishankar said India has plans for a ‘Five S’ approach to the world from the UNSC seat — samman (respect), samvad (dialogue), sahayog (cooperation), shanti (peace) and samriddhi (prosperity).
“Through this approach we seek to move towards a new orientation for reformed multilateral systems also known as norms,” he said.
He also highlighted the need to reform multilateralism to reflect contemporary realities and make a comprehensive approach to peace and security guided by dialogue, mutual respect and commitment to international law.
Jaishankar also stressed that global institutions remain unreformed and under-represented. “They are, therefore, less able to deliver,” he noted.
“As a rule-abiding democracy and as a positive contributor to the security of the global commons, India will work constructively with partners to overcome old and new fault-lines,” he added.
Jaishankar’s comments come at a time China is facing global criticism for not being transparent about the novel coronavirus that first surfaced in Wuhan, and the World Health Organization’s (WHO) role in ensuring information was shared with all countries.